Cases reported "Vasculitis"

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1/1592. Control of primary angiitis of the CNS associated with cerebral amyloid angiopathy by cyclophosphamide alone.

    Corticosteroids combined with cyclophosphamide are currently recommended for primary angiitis of the CNS. The authors report a 71-year-old man with primary angiitis of the CNS and amyloid angiopathy who responded to cyclophosphamide without steroids, suggesting that corticosteroids may not be needed in all cases of primary angiitis of the CNS. ( info)

2/1592. Peripheral ulcerative keratitis--an extracutaneous neutrophilic disorder: report of a patient with rheumatoid arthritis, pustular vasculitis, pyoderma gangrenosum, and Sweet's syndrome with an excellent response to cyclosporine therapy.

    The term peripheral ulcerative keratitis represents a spectrum of inflammatory diseases, characterized by cellular infiltration, corneal thinning, and ulceration. Neutrophilic dermatoses are rarely associated with peripheral ulcerative keratitis. To date, peripheral ulcerative keratitis has only been reported in patients with pyoderma gangrenosum. Separate episodes of pyoderma gangrenosum, Sweet's syndrome, and pustular vasculitis developed in a 60-year-old patient with rheumatoid arthritis over an 8-year period. Over the past 2 years, 3 episodes of peripheral ulcerative keratitis occurred. cyclosporine (4 mg/kg/d) treatment was started on confirmation of pyoderma gangrenosum. Over the ensuing 2 years, it became evident that the activity of her ocular and skin diseases, as well as her arthritis, paralleled the administration or cessation of cyclosporine therapy. Dermatologists should be aware of the association of Sweet's syndrome, pyoderma gangrenosum, and pustular vasculitis with peripheral ulcerative keratitis. This rare ocular manifestation and the serious sequelae when left untreated make recognition crucial. cyclosporine proved to be a very effective treatment for all of our patient's diseases. ( info)

3/1592. Systemic candidiasis with candida vasculitis due to candida kruzei in a patient with acute myeloid leukaemia.

    candida kruzei-related systemic infections are increasing in frequency, particularly in patients receiving prophylaxis with antifungal triazoles. A Caucasian male with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukaemia (AML M1) developed severe and persistent fever associated with a micropustular eruption scattered over the trunk and limbs during induction chemotherapy. Blood cultures grew candida kruzei, and biopsies of the skin lesions revealed a candida vasculitis. He responded to high doses of liposomal amphotericin b and was discharged well from hospital. ( info)

4/1592. Vasculitis confined to the peripheral nerve and skin: a variant of non-systemic vasculitic neuropathy.

    We describe a patient presenting with vasculitic neuropathy associated with cutaneous vasculitis in the absence of other clinical or laboratory evidence of the underlying systemic vasculitis, and showing a favourable prognosis. Although the early proposed criteria for the diagnosis of non-systemic vasculitic neuropathy (NSVN) exclude the involvement of extraneural tissues, the condition observed in our patient might represent a variant of NSVN, with the vasculitis confined to the small vessels in both the peripheral nerve and the skin. ( info)

5/1592. A Japanese case of dengue fever with lymphocytic vasculitis: diagnosis by polymerase chain reaction.

    A 37-year-old Japanese male was admitted to Nagasaki University Hospital with abrupt onset of biphasic fever, general malaise and myalgia 9 days after coming back to japan from Manila. He developed a rubella like erythematous rash 3 days after admission and purpuric eruption one week after admission. A biopsied specimen from the purpura revealed lymphocytic vasculitis with T cell dominance and without immunoglobulin or complement deposition around the blood vessels. RT-PCR analysis on peripheral blood mononuclear cells using dengue virus specific primers confirmed the diagnosis of type 3 dengue fever. PCR analysis using virus specific primers is a rapid and valuable method for making a correct diagnosis of dengue fever. ( info)

6/1592. Vascular changes in tuberculous meningoencephalitis.

    Our report refers two cases of tuberculous encephalomeningitis which differ in the course and pathological changes. In case 1 blood vessels showed features of peri, endo-, or panvasculites. In some vessels endothelium proliferation leading to the stenosis or obliteration of the vascular lumen was observed. necrosis was an effect of vessels occlusion. In case 2 many fewer vessel were involved in onflammation process. Vascular changes were also less extensive and were observed more rarely. Tuberculous infection often caused less tissue lesions than vascular changes. Different pathological changes probably depend on the type and virulence of Myobacterium tuberculosis and on the host immune response to the infection. ( info)

7/1592. Systemic adverse effect of antithyroid drugs.

    Antithyroid drugs adverse effects are varied and rare. Autoimmune disorders (vasculitis, lupus erythematosus, polyarthritis...) are unusual and serious complications of antithyroid drugs. Since 1945, fewer than 100 cases of systemic manifestations related to antithyroid drugs have been reported in the literature, most frequently with propylthiouracil. The outcome is usually good after drug discontinuation, but some fatal cases have been reported. Because possible cross-sensitivity with other antithyroid drugs, the appropriate treatment for hyperthyroidism relapse if a patient has had an antithyroid drug adverse reaction, should be 131I-iodine or surgery. We report four new cases of systemic manifestations during propylthiouracil therapy. ( info)

8/1592. CNS pseudovasculitis in a patient with pheochromocytoma.

    The authors report a patient with angiographic findings resembling CNS vasculitis (CNS pseudovasculitis) who was found to have a pheochromocytoma. The angiographic changes resolved after surgical resection of the pheochromocytoma. pheochromocytoma should be included in the differential diagnosis of angiographic findings suggestive of CNS vasculitis. ( info)

9/1592. Successful treatment of hiv-related vasculitis with peripheral neuropathy with short-term steroids followed by the association of zidovudine and plasmapheresis.

    OBJECTIVE--treatment of hiv-related vasculitis, avoiding prolonged immunosuppressive therapy. DESIGN--prospective pilot study of hiv-related neurological vasculitis. patients--two hiv-infected patients with histologically proven vasculitis. INTERVENTION--short-term corticosteroid followed by zidovudine combined with plasmapheresis. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES--clinical, biological, immunological and electromyographic evaluation. RESULTS--complete neurological recovery. CONCLUSION--excellent tolerance and efficacy of combined zidovudine and plasmapheresis therapy in peripheral neurological hiv-related vasculitis. ( info)

10/1592. Vasculitic polyradiculopathy in systemic lupus erythematosus.

    A 22 year old woman with recently diagnosed systemic lupus erythematosus presented with subacute progressive areflexic paraparesis, electrophysiologically identified as a pure axonal polyradiculopathy. sural nerve biopsy disclosed necrotising vasculitis. A striking radiological feature was marked enhancement of the cauda equina with gadolinium. ( info)
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