Cases reported "Vertigo"

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1/88. Poststeroid balance disorder--a case report in a body builder.

    The authors describe a case of poststeroid balance disorder in a 20-year-old athlete. Previous information of such a doping pathology among sportsmen taking anabolics was not found. That anabolic steroids had a harm to central activities and could be suspected especially on the basis of reported psychiatric sequels and cerebrovascular disorders. The case described is of a patient who had been given metandienone, oxymetholone, and nandrolone phenyloproprionate in two courses. vertigo appeared twice just after introducing doping and persisted in spite of a 1.5 year break in taking anabolics. In the electronystagmography a positional nystagmus was detected, the eye-tracking test was distempered, and abnormal responses in the caloric tests were obtained. In the computed dynamic posturography the number and length of body sway were increased and, consequently, the field of the outspread area was enlarged. The moment of appearance and long-lasting vertigo as well as the results of laboratory examinations indicate a poststeroid permanent disorder of the central part of the equilibrium organ. Such a diagnosis seems to be most probable here.
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ranking = 1
keywords = nystagmus
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2/88. Silicone prosthesis prevents vertigo due to the defect at the mastoid process after mastoidectomy: a clinical report.

    This clinical report describes a 64-year-old woman with a bony defect in the mastoid process after mastoidectomy and who experienced vertigo on cold and windy days during winter. The patient noticed that packing a piece of paper or cotton into the defect prevented the vertigo. The patient refused surgical repair, so a silicone prosthesis was fabricated to fill the defect completely. electronystagmography confirmed the effectiveness of the prosthesis to prevent nystagmus. Although surgical repair is ideal, prosthesis repair of the defect may prove to be effective in some patients.
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ranking = 1
keywords = nystagmus
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3/88. Lumbomuscular proprioceptive reflexes in body equilibrium.

    To evaluate the role of reflexes related to the lumbar proprioceptors in maintenance of body equilibrium, changes in equilibrium function of the eyes and body were observed after unilateral procainization of the lumbar erector muscles. Observations were made on normal subjects and vertigo cases with lumbar pain after whiplash injury using various equilibrium tests. The results obtained were as follows: (1) On unilateral procainization of the lumbar erector muscles of normal subjects, eye nystagmus and disturbances of the righting reflex developed. Simultaneously, changes in drift reactions of the lower limbs were detected by the stepping test. Namely, in many of the subjects examined the direction of stepping deviation became quite different from that before procainization, and stepping after procainization tended to show slight or moderate ataxic features, associated with a sensation of unsteadiness. (2) When procaine was injected unilaterally into tender spots in the lumbar erector muscles of traumatic vertigo cases, spontaneous eye nystagmus and disturbances of the righting reflex decreased. Simultaneously, significant changes in the drift reactions of the lower limbs were observed in many of the cases examined. Namely, the direction of deviation became the opposite of that before procainization and ataxia in walking almost disappeared with reduction in vertigo. The following conclusions were drawn from these findings: (1) The effects of procaine on equilibrium of normal subjects are in sharp contrast to its effects on equilibrium of traumatic vertigo cases. Findings in the former might be due to increased imbalance between the activities of the right and left lumbar proprioceptors, while those in the latter might be due to decreased imbalance between the two. (2) These findings support the view that from the standpoint of body equilibrium, there are two phases of the proprioceptive reflex, and that Fukuda's concept of "two phases of the labyrinthine reflex, i.e., a stage of disturbance and a stage of coordination", can be applied to interpretation of the proprioceptive reflex of lumbar origin.
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ranking = 2
keywords = nystagmus
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4/88. An unusual complication of cochlear implant: benign paroxysmal positional vertigo.

    Three days after the initial fitting of the cochlear device a 40-year-old woman complained of severe rotational vertigo following head movements associated with neurovegetative symptoms. Otoneurological evaluation revealed a horizontal paroxysmal positional nystagmus beating towards the lowermost ear, induced by rolling the patient's head from supine both to the right or to the left lateral position suggesting the diagnosis of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo of the left horizontal semicircular canal. The nystagmus characteristics were the same whether the cochlear device was switched on or off. The hypothesis of an otolith dislodging due to the electrical stimulation during the initial fitting is discussed.
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ranking = 2
keywords = nystagmus
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5/88. Rotational vertebral artery occlusion syndrome with vertigo due to "labyrinthine excitation".

    Leftward head rotations in a patient with a rotational vertebral artery occlusion syndrome elicited recurrent uniform attacks of severe rotatory vertigo and tinnitus in the right ear. These attacks were accompanied by a mixed clockwise torsional downbeat nystagmus with a horizontal component toward the right. A transient ischemia of the right labyrinth probably induced the attacks and led to a combined transient excitation of the right anterior and horizontal semicircular canals as well as the cochlea.
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ranking = 1
keywords = nystagmus
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6/88. Prediction of vertigo recurrences in Meniere's disease by the head-shaking test.

    Researchers have observed that when head-shaking nystagmus (HSN) is provoked in patients with peripheral vestibular disorders, usually (in more than 75% of cases) it beats toward the normal or unaffected ear. The reverse of this pattern occurs commonly in patients with Meniere's disease. This finding presumably reflects the changeable pathophysiological state of the labyrinth of Meniere's disease. We retrospectively analyzed clinical records of eight patients who had unilateral Meniere's disease and came to Gunma University Hospital for consultation in the period from 1984 through 1989. All patients satisfied the following condition: In the period prior to the attacks of vertigo, for which a 10-day period preceding the attack was arbitrarily considered (the forerunning period), HSN reversed its direction, appeared, or disappeared. When HSN showed a biphasic pattern, only the first phase was considered in this present analysis. In the period before the attack, HSN reversed its direction from the normal to the morbid ear five times in four patients, appeared toward the morbid ear in three patients, and disappeared from one beating toward the normal ear before the forerunning period of vertigo attacks in one patient. These findings suggest that the occurrence of HSN directed to the morbid ear in the recuperation period in Meniere's disease might indicate the impending recurrence of a vertigo attack in a few days. In the present group of patients, vertigo attacks occurred from 6 hours to 8 days (average, 3.2 days) after the observation of HSN beating toward the morbid ear. In three of these patients, the immediate administration of isosorbide (a hyperosmotic diuretic) in this stage successfully suppressed the recurrence of vertigo attacks.
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ranking = 1
keywords = nystagmus
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7/88. Epileptic vertigo: evidence for vestibular representation in human frontal cortex.

    The authors report a 5-year-old boy with episodes of epileptic rotational clockwise vertigo without nystagmus. Video-EEG monitoring showed a left frontocentral onset of epileptic discharges accompanied by complaints of vertigo. MRI showed a small low-grade astrocytoma in the left frontal middle gyrus. After lesionectomy, vertiginous seizures ceased. The patient's vertigo seems to be induced by epileptic discharges in a vestibular representation area within the frontal cortex.
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ranking = 1
keywords = nystagmus
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8/88. Posterior semicircular canal type benign paroxysmal positioning vertigo with ageotropic paroxysmal positioning nystagmus.

    We report on 3 patients with typical benign paroxysmal positioning vertigo (BPPV) and atypical, paroxysmal positioning nystagmus. When the Dix-Hallpike test was performed, the patients exhibited an ageotropic nystagmus, different from that classically described in posterior semicircular canal BPPV. It was torsional-vertical with the vertical component beating downwards, and the torsional component was beating away from the lowermost ear. In both left and right Dix-Hallpike positions, the upper poles of the eyes were turning away from the lowermost ear. The atypical ageotropic paroxysmal positional nystagmus of the posterior semicircular canal was observed in the evolution of the BPPV in 2 patients and on the first examination in the third. Two patients had changing patterns of paroxysmal positioning nystagmus.
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ranking = 8
keywords = nystagmus
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9/88. Clinical effect of canal plugging on paroxysmal positional vertigo.

    A 63-year-old woman had disabling positional vertigo for four months. She showed intense direction-changing apogeotropic nystagmus. Conservative treatment failed to resolve her vertigo. From the findings of the nystagmus, cupulolithiasis of the right lateral canal was suspected. Plugging of this canal successfully eliminated the nystagmus and positional vertigo. Positional vertigo can sometimes be disabling and unresponsive to conservative therapy. Careful analysis of the nystagmus may allow selection of the most appropriate treatment.
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ranking = 4
keywords = nystagmus
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10/88. Continuous vertigo and spontaneous nystagmus due to canalolithiasis of the horizontal canal.

    The authors present a patient with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo of the right horizontal semicircular canal who developed persistent vertigo with spontaneous horizontal nystagmus to the left and caloric hypoexcitability on the right after a head shaking maneuver. Both spontaneous nystagmus and canal paresis resolved after repeated shaking of the head. The most probable mechanism of this type of vertigo is plugging of the horizontal canal by otoconial particles with a negative endolymph pressure between plug and cupula.
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ranking = 6
keywords = nystagmus
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