Cases reported "Vesicovaginal Fistula"

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1/2. rupture of uterine scar with extrusion of twin fetuses into the urinary bladder--a case report.

    An unusual presentation of a ruptured uterus with extrusion of twin fetuses into the urinary bladder is described. A routine pelvic ultrasound to confirm pelvic collection from a suspended criminally induced abortion revealed a rupture of the anterior wall of the uterus with communication to the urinary bladder and this finding was confirmed at laparatomy. While a high index of suspicion is important in the diagnosis of ruptured uterus, a subtle place for pelvic ultrasound in patients with vaginal bleeding, suprapubic pain and haematuria may be of help.
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2/2. Post-hysterectomy carcinoma of the fallopian tube mimicking a vesicovaginal fistula.

    A 49-year-old woman presented with a profuse watery vaginal discharge 16 years after a vaginal hysterectomy. Pelvic examination revealed clear fluid leaking from the vaginal apex. Cytologic evaluation of the draining fluid was normal, as was a biopsy of the vaginal apex. A vesicovaginal fistula was suspected. Intravenous pyelogram and cystogram did not reveal communication of the urinary tract with the fistula. Injection of radiopaque dye through the fistula tract demonstrated a 5-7-cm enclosed cystic space with a 4-cm pedunculated mass within the cyst lumen. Exploratory surgery revealed fallopian tube carcinoma involving the right tube. The tumor mass was completely excised, and there was no evidence of spread beyond the encapsulated cystic fallopian tube. The woman was treated with six cycles of cisplatin combination chemotherapy, and after 5 years remains free of disease.
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