Cases reported "Vitreous Hemorrhage"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/26. Bilateral periopticointrascleral hemorrhages associated with traumatic child abuse.

    PURPOSE: To report a case of bilateral periopticoscleral hemorrhages associated with traumatic child abuse. methods: Postmortem gross examination and histopathologic studies of both eyes and the optic nerves of a 6-month-old infant who died from subdural hematoma. RESULTS: Gross examination and histopathologic step sections disclosed bilateral intrascleral hemorrhages around both optic nerves. In addition, bilateral diffuse multilayered retinal, vitreous, and sublaminar (beneath the internal limiting membrane) hemorrhages were present. CONCLUSION: Periopticointrascleral hemorrhages are characteristic of blunt head trauma and may constitute important forensic evidence in cases of suspected child abuse.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = membrane
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/26. Histopathological findings in proliferative membrane from a patient with sarcoid uveitis.

    BACKGROUND: Sarcoid uveitis is occasionally accompanied by proliferative changes, such as retinal neovascularization and vitreous hemorrhage. Steroid administration, retinal photocoagulation, and vitrectomy may be indicated in such proliferative cases. CASE: A 19-year-old woman presented with proliferative sarcoid uveitis accompanied by recurrent vitreous hemorrhage. OBSERVATIONS: At the initial examination, bilateral vitreous opacity, retinal exudates, mild vitreous hemorrhage, retinal vasculitis, and neovascularization of the retina and optic disc were observed. Although prednisolone was administered and panretinal photocoagulation was performed several times, recurrent vitreous hemorrhage continued. Since the vitreous hemorrhage was not absorbed, pars plana vitrectomy and lensectomy were performed. After surgery, neovascularization and intraocular inflammation decreased, and the corrected visual acuity in the right eye improved to 20/50. Histopathologic analysis of the proliferative membrane removed during surgery revealed substantial neovascularization and numerous neutrophils in the vessels. CONCLUSIONS: Based on these findings, an inflammatory reaction as well as retinal ischemia were thought to be involved in the proliferative changes in this patient.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 5
keywords = membrane
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/26. incidence of vitreoretinal pathologic conditions within 24 months after laser in situ keratomileusis.

    OBJECTIVE: To report for the first time a case series of vitreoretinal pathologic conditions after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) and to determine its incidence. DESIGN: Case series. PARTICIPANTS: Five refractive surgeons and 29,916 eyes that underwent surgical correction of ametropia (83.2% were myopic) ranging from -0.75 to -29.00 diopters (D; mean: -6.19 D) and from 1.00 to 6.00 D (mean: 3.23 D) participated in this retrospective study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Vitreoretinal complications after LASIK. RESULTS: The clinical findings of 20 eyes (17 patients) with LASIK-related vitreoretinal pathologic conditions are presented. Fourteen eyes experienced rhegmatogenous retinal detachments (RDs). Two eyes experienced corneoscleral perforations with the surgical microkeratome when a corneal flap was being performed (one experienced a vitreous hemorrhage and the other later experienced an RD). In four eyes, retinal tears without RDs were found. In one eye, a juxtafoveal choroidal neovascular membrane (CNVM) developed. Retinal tears were treated with argon laser retinopexy or cryotherapy. Corneoscleral perforations were sutured, and the RD was managed with vitrectomy. The remaining RDs were managed with vitrectomy, cryoretinopexy, scleral buckling, argon laser retinopexy, or pneumatic retinopexy techniques. The CNVM was surgically removed. The incidence of vitreoretinal pathologic conditions determined in our study was 0.06%. CONCLUSIONS: Serious complications after LASIK are infrequent. Vitreoretinal pathologic conditions, if managed promptly, will still result in good vision. It is very important to inform patients that LASIK only corrects the refractive aspect of myopia. Complications of the myopic eye will persist.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = membrane
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/26. Spontaneous luxation of encapsulated intraocular lens onto the retina after a triple procedure of vitrectomy, phacoemulsification, and intraocular lens implantation.

    PURPOSE: To report the clinical and histological findings of a luxated intraocular lens (IOL) in the capsular bag. methods: review of a case. RESULTS: Twenty-three months after a triple procedure of vitrectomy, phacoemulsification, and IOL implantation for diabetic vitreous hemorrhage and cataract, the encapsulated IOL spontaneously luxated. Scanning electron microscopy showed sparsely distributed anterior and equatorial zonules, with only a few posterior zonules on the surface of the removed capusular bag. CONCLUSION: The absence of the anterior hyaloid membrane and posterior zonules and contraction of the lens capsule may cause dialysis of the zonules. Therefore, the anterior hyaloid membrane should be left in place in patients at low risk for the development of postoperative proliferation to maintain the long-term stability of the IOL.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2
keywords = membrane
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/26. Triangular transchamber suture.

    A 64-year-old woman with a fibrous membrane at the lens plane after traumatic loss of all the iris and massive intraocular hemorrhage had posterior chamber intraocular lens (PCIOL) implantation anterior to the fibrous membrane with a triangular transchamber suture to prevent possible PCIOL-corneal touch and enhance the stability of the PCIOL. After 3 years, the PCIOL remained in a good position and visual rehabilitation was satisfactory and without complications.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2
keywords = membrane
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/26. Massive vascular endothelium growth factor (VEGF) expression in Eales' disease.

    BACKGROUND: Eales' disease is an idiopathic retinal vasculitic and vaso-occlusive process complicated by extensive retinal neovascularisation and vitreous hemorrhages. The great propensity to produce retinal neovessels is one of the particular aspects of the disease that deserves to be further investigated. We report a case of Eales' disease having evolved over more than three decades, with a typical clinical presentation in one eye, while the other eye had to be enucleated because of a terminal neovascular glaucoma, thus allowing pathological examination. methods: The functional right eye was treated by vitrectomy, cerclage, cryocoagulation and endolaser. The non-functional phthitic left eye was enucleated and submitted for histopathological and immunohistochemical examination using antibodies against vascular endothelial growth factor, T-cells, B-cells and Muller cells. RESULTS: Evolution was favourable in the operated right eye, following management of the inflammatory reaction. The histopathological examination of the left eye revealed an occlusion of the anterior chamber angle by rubeosis iridis, tractional retinal detachments, pre-, intra- and sub-retinal neovascular membranes, and vitrous hemorrhages. Diffuse positive anti-VEGF immunostaining was found at the level of the retinal neovascular membranes. The retina exhibited prominent Muller cell immunostaining, indicating extensive gliosis, and predominantly B cell infiltrates were found in the eye. CONCLUSION: The present study indicates a close relationship between the prominent neovascular proliferation in Eales' disease and the intense expression of VEGF. The increased expression of VEGF, when compared to other conditions inducing neovascularisation, might explain the severity of neovascular growth and the propensity of repeated vitrous hemorrhages in Eales' disease.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2
keywords = membrane
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/26. Altered uptake of infrared diode laser by retina after intravitreal indocyanine green dye and internal limiting membrane peeling.

    PURPOSE: To report an altered uptake and possible complication associated with the use of indocyanine green (ICG) dye, internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling, and infrared diode laser. DESIGN: Interventional case report. methods: In two eyes (two patients) three-port pars plana vitrectomy was performed. indocyanine green was injected into the vitreous cavity according to previously published protocol. The ILM was removed with a bent-tipped microvitreoretinal blade and ILM forceps. Photocoagulation was performed with an 810-nm infrared diode endolaser. RESULTS: Photocoagulation of the retina stained with ICG in areas with intact ILM produced more intense and superficial appearing retinal burns than photocoagulation where the ILM had been peeled. The retinal burns in areas of intact ILM stained with ICG also appeared more superficial than those typical of this laser when ICG is not used. CONCLUSIONS: indocyanine green absorbs infrared laser light and produces a photothermal effect. Unwanted damage to the inner retinal layers may occur. Laser energy may also be prevented from reaching the deeper retinal layers, reducing the efficacy of treatment.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 5
keywords = membrane
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/26. Use of perfluorocarbon liquid during vitrectomy for severe proliferative diabetic retinopathy.

    AIM: To evaluate the value of using perfluorocarbon liquid (PFCL) during vitrectomy in eyes with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). methods: The surgical records of eyes with PDR (291 eyes of 228 patients) that underwent vitrectomy in the vitreoretinal service of Osaka Medical College (April 1999 to October 2001) were reviewed. From these, 18 eyes of 15 patients had PFCL used during vitrectomy, and the preoperative and postoperative findings of these eyes were analysed. RESULTS: All of the 18 eyes had advanced PDR with tractional and/or rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. PFCL enabled easier flattening of the retinal folds and effective endophotocoagulation. In two cases, PFCL was used to flatten a bullous retinal detachment that developed when a tight vitreoretinal adhesion was loosened. In two other cases with combined traction/rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, PFCL was used to tamponade the detached retina which then allowed successful membrane dissection. Anatomical success was obtained in 16 of the 18 cases (mean follow up time 13.3 months) with visual acuity of 20/200 or better in nine eyes (50%). CONCLUSIONS: PFCL is considered to be a useful adjunct during vitrectomy for the treatment of severe PDR.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = membrane
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/26. Transmission electron microscopic study of a subretinal choroidal neovascular membrane due to age-related macular degeneration.

    From a patient with age-related macular degeneration we studied ultrastructurally a disciform scar that was removed from an eye with a vitreous hemorrhage. In cross section, the scar was divided by a retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cell layer. The choroidal side consisted of fibrovascular tissue with active neovascular buds and inflammatory cells, including macrophages attached to the RPE basement membrane. Apart from the RPE, no components of Bruch's membrane could be identified. The retinal side contained organizing hemorrhage and a collagenous matrix with fibroblastlike cells probably of RPE and choroidal origin. The anatomy and the clinical findings at surgery suggest that such scars lie on (rather than within) the inner collagenous layer of Bruch's membrane and contain two components divided by the original RPE layer. The choroidal side is fibrovascular, including active neovascularization, and the retinal side is fibrous and formed by metaplastic RPE cells and choroidal fibrovascular ingrowth.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 7
keywords = membrane
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/26. Presumed combined hamartoma of the retina and retinal pigment epithelium with preretinal neovascularization.

    PURPOSE: To describe a case of presumed combined hamartoma of the retina and retinal pigment epithelium associated with preretinal neovascularization. DESIGN: Observational case report. methods: We report clinical and angiographic findings of a 26-year-old woman. RESULTS: The patient presented with mild vitreous hemorrhage and slowly decreasing vision in the right eye. A combined hamartoma of the midperipheral retina and retinal pigment epithelium with an epiretinal membrane causing traction to the macula was found. fluorescein angiography showed areas of capillary nonperfusion and a large preretinal neovascularization peripheral to the hamartoma. CONCLUSIONS: A combined hamartoma may be associated with retinal capillary nonperfusion and preretinal neovascularization, suggesting that significant retinal ischemia can occur with a combined hamartoma.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 187.7207692997
keywords = epiretinal membrane, epiretinal, membrane
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Vitreous Hemorrhage'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.