Cases reported "Vitreous Hemorrhage"

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1/5. telangiectasis as a cause of intra-schitic haemorrhage in optic disc pit maculopathy.

    PURPOSE: To present a patient with the novel finding of vascular telangiectasis as a cause of intra-schitic haemorrhage, occurring in optic disc pit-associated maculopathy. methods: A clinical history was detailed. Clinical examination included visual acuity assessment and slit-lamp microscopy. fluorescein angiography was performed. RESULTS: A temporal optic disc pit, macular retinoschisis and a circumscribed detachment of the outer retinal layer and inner leaf holes were noted. A retinal haemorrhage extending into the schitic cavity was present, along with an associated vitreous haemorrhage. fluorescein angiography showed telangiectatic vessels in association with the haemorrhage. CONCLUSION: This is the first reported case of vascular telangiectasis as a cause of intra-schitic haemorrhage occurring in optic disc pit-associated maculopathy.
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ranking = 1
keywords = retinoschisis
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2/5. vitreous hemorrhage as the initial manifestation of X-linked retinoschisis in a 9-month-old infant.

    A 9-month-old infant presented with progressive esotropia, bilateral vitreous hemorrhages, bullous retinoschises, and peripheral retinal detachments. X-linked retinoschisis was diagnosed on the basis of electroretinogram findings. We report a case of vitreous hemorrhage as the initial presentation of X-linked retinoschisis in one of the youngest patients discussed in the literature.
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ranking = 6
keywords = retinoschisis
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3/5. Nasal retinal dragging in X-linked retinoschisis.

    X-linked retinoschisis is a disorder characterized by the presence of foveal schisis and often peripheral splitting of the retina in the nerve fiber layer. The accompanying complications include vitreous hemorrhage and retinal detachment, which can lead to blindness. In this report five patients who presented during infancy or early childhood had nasal retinal dragging.
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ranking = 5
keywords = retinoschisis
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4/5. Surgical management of complications associated with X-linked retinoschisis.

    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of surgical intervention in cases with severe, vision-threatening complications of X-linked retinoschisis. DESIGN: A retrospective survey of consecutive patients with X-linked retinoschisis who underwent surgery at our institution during a 16-year period. SETTING: A tertiary-care eye hospital. patients: Six eyes of four patients were identified. The mean age of the patients at the time of the first surgical procedure was 4.9 years (range, 18 months to 9 years). INTERVENTION: scleral buckling procedure or pars plana vitrectomy. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Surgical indications and long-term anatomic and visual outcome. RESULTS: patients were initially operated on for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (three eyes), exudative retinal detachment (one eye), and vitreous hemorrhage (two eyes). The surgical approach was scleral buckling for retinal detachment and vitrectomy for vitreous hemorrhage or proliferative vitreoretinopathy. Anatomic success and ambulatory vision (20/400 or better) was achieved in five of the six eyes with a mean follow-up of 3.8 years (range, 1 to 6 1/2 years). An average of 1.8 procedures per eye were performed. Two of the four eyes approached by primary scleral buckling eventually required vitrectomy. Proliferative vitreoretinopathy with retinal detachment was the major reason for reoperation. CONCLUSIONS: Surgery for X-linked retinoschisis-associated retinal detachment and vitreous hemorrhage can yield favorable anatomic and functional results. Multiple operations and the use of advanced vitreoretinal techniques to manage proliferative vitreoretinopathy-related complications, however, were necessary for ultimate success in certain cases.
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ranking = 7
keywords = retinoschisis
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5/5. Exudative retinal detachment in X-linked retinoschisis.

    X-linked retinoschisis is a vitreoretinal dystrophy characterized by foveal and peripheral retinoschisis in the nerve fiber layer. Although many associated peripheral retinal findings have been reported, few reports have described massive exudative retinal detachments in patients with X-linked retinoschisis. The authors report the unusual occurrence of Coats'-like exudative retinopathy in two patients with X-linked retinoschisis. Both patients had peripheral massive exudative retinal detachments.
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ranking = 8
keywords = retinoschisis
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