Cases reported "Wegener Granulomatosis"

Filter by keywords:

Retrieving documents. Please wait...

11/784. Familial occurrence of systemic vasculitis and rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis.

    Two familial clusters of systemic vasculitis are described. In one family, microscopic polyangiitis and rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis occurred in HLA-identical siblings; in the second family, 3 second- and fourth-degree related members were affected by Wegener's granulomatosis. Published clusters of systemic vasculitides and Goodpasture's syndrome are reviewed, and, together with the observed families, the evidence for genetic susceptibility and a causative role of environmental factors for these diseases with special emphasis on the HLA system is discussed. ( info)

12/784. Atypical Wegener's granulomatosis with positive cytoplasmic antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies, ophthalmologic manifestations, and slowly progressive renal failure without respiratory tract involvement.

    A 68-year-old woman had microscopic hematuria and proteinuria since the age of 50. She also had hearing impairment, arthralgia, retinal embolism, peripheral arterial occlusion of the right foot and chronic renal failure during the course. At the age of 68, she had progressive renal failure and nephrotic syndrome with high titers of serum cytoplasmic antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (c-ANCA). No evidence of respiratory tract involvement was found. methylprednisolone pulse therapy and low dose cyclophosphamide therapy ameliorated the renal failure and reduced the serum c-ANCA level. She, however, died on July 19, 1998 due to pulmonary fungal and pneumocystis carinii infection. ( info)

13/784. wegener granulomatosis simulating bacterial endocarditis.

    Cardiac involvement in wegener granulomatosis is uncommon. We report a case of wegener granulomatosis that presented as culture-negative endocarditis with aortic valvular vegetation. The clinical manifestations included gingival hyperplasia, gangrenous digital infarcts, mononeuritis multiplex, high fever, inflammatory arthritis, pansinusitis, splenic infarct, and aortic valvular vegetation, which underscore the difficulty of distinguishing systemic vasculitis from bacterial endocarditis. Contrary to the common notion that valvular vegetation is invariably associated with bacterial endocarditis, this case proves that such findings can occur in wegener granulomatosis as well. Clinicians are guided toward early treatment with corticosteroids and cyclophosphamide to prevent fatal complications. ( info)

14/784. Acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy associated with Wegener's granulomatosis.

    PURPOSE: To report acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy (APMPPE) in the course of systemic Wegener's granulomatosis. methods: A complete ophthalmologic evaluation was undertaken, including fluorescein and indocyanine green angiography. RESULTS: Two patients diagnosed with Wegener's granulomatosis developed multiple white-yellow subretinal areas with smooth margins typical of APMPPE. Case 1 presented with bilateral choroidal involvement and a granulomatous anterior uveitis. In Case 2, placoid lesions were diagnosed 2 months after onset of systemic Wegener's granulomatosis. In both cases, fluorescein angiography showed an early hypofluorescence and a late staining of the lesions. Indocyanine green angiography revealed early and late hypofluorescence corresponding to the areas seen clinically. Wegener's granulomatosis was diagnosed histologically in both cases. After combined steroid and cyclophosphamide therapy, the lesions healed, and after a follow-up period of 1.5 and 4 years, respectively, funduscopic and angiographic examinations showed cicatricial lesions. CONCLUSION: Acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy is a rare manifestation of Wegener's granulomatosis and should be considered a possible systemic involvement of the disease. A prompt, thorough investigation should be undertaken for an underlying systemic disorder. ( info)

15/784. wegener granulomatosis in a child: cutaneous findings as the presenting signs.

    wegener granulomatosis (WG) is a systemic disease that is particularly unusual in children. A limited form has been described without renal involvement. We report a 14-year-old girl in whom the disease started with acneiform nodular and papular lesions on the forehead. Later necrotic ulcers developed on her forehead, arms, and buttocks. The cutaneous lesions were associated with upper and lower respiratory tract involvement, low-grade fever and arthralgias. Subsequently clinical and laboratory evaluations (increased ESR; leukocytosis and presence of serum IgG antibodies cANCA = 1:160), with chest roentgenograms revealing pulmonary densities and parenchymal infiltration, suggested the diagnosis of WG. The histologic findings of a cutaneous biopsy specimen were ulceration of the epidermis with diffuse neutrophilic inflammatory infiltrate and a late-stage small vessel vasculitis in the dermis. Histopathology of the nasal mucosa was characterized by a granulomatous process with a dense lymphohistiocytic infiltrate with few giant cells, a finding that confirmed the diagnosis of WG. No renal involvement was present. One month of cyclophosphamide (125 mg/day) and prednisone (70 mg/day) therapy markedly improved the patient's clinical condition. At present, 1 year later, she is free from any signs of the disease. According to the literature, the frequency of cutaneous lesions in WG ranges from 16% to 46%. They are the presenting sign only in 6% of patients. Cutaneous lesions are even more uncommon in children. In particular, an "acneiform" presentation is a rare finding in WG. ( info)

16/784. Acute aortic insufficiency associated with wegener granulomatosis.

    Cardiac valvular involvement associated with wegener granulomatosis is uncommon. We describe a 17-year-old male adolescent who sought medical attention because of a sore throat, arthralgias, low-grade fever, and fatigue of 3 weeks' duration. A rash was noted on his elbows, hands, and ankles; subsequently, a crusting lesion was noted in his internal nares, and infiltrates were detected on chest radiography. blood cultures were negative for pathogens. An echocardiogram disclosed mild left ventricular enlargement with grade 2 aortic insufficiency, and wegener granulomatosis was diagnosed based on an antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody titer of 1:512. When blood cultures are negative for aortic valve endocarditis, a high index of clinical suspicion and antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody testing may lead to the diagnosis of acute aortic insufficiency associated with wegener granulomatosis. ( info)

17/784. Treatment of Wegener's granulomatosis with immune globulin: CNS involvement in an adolescent female.

    OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of intravenous immune globulin (IVIG) to treat Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) in an adolescent female with an abnormal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan and electroencephalogram (EEG), as well as central nervous system involvement manifesting as generalized seizures. CASE SUMMARY: A 15-year-old white girl diagnosed with WG and receiving prednisone and cyclophosphamide was admitted with new-onset tonic-clonic seizures. The patient received phenobarbital and phenytoin to control seizures and was receiving cyclophosphamide and corticosteroids for WG. She developed cyclophosphamide-induced cystitis and was started on a four-day therapeutic course of IVIG following the discontinuation of cyclophosphamide. After 16 days of hospitalization, repeat EEG and MRI were within normal limits, and laboratory and clinical improvement was evident in at least nine of the affected organ systems including pulmonary, hematologic, renal, ocular, cutaneous, musculoskeletal, central nervous system, gastrointestinal, and genitourinary. The patient was discharged with clinical involvement of WG documented in two organ systems, hematologic and renal. DISCUSSION: WG is a form of vasculitis believed to develop due to an autoimmune disorder. The diagnosis is based on radiographic and histopathologic findings, as well as the presence of elevated antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies and a suggestive clinical presentation. The presentation is widely variable and is most commonly associated with upper-airway involvement such as sinusitis, cough, pulmonary infiltrates, and cavitary nodules. Renal involvement signifies generalized disease. Conventional treatment for WG includes cyclophosphamide and prednisone. Little information is available describing therapeutic alternatives. Cytotoxicity related to immunosuppressant regimens limits continuous treatment and may necessitate the use of alternative agents. CONCLUSIONS: This case describes the use of IVIG in an adolescent patient presenting with WG as a generalized, active disease with neurologic complications. IVIG may be useful in generalized, active WG complicated by intolerance to cyclophosphamide and seizures, but further study is necessary to define its role. ( info)

18/784. granulomatous mastitis as presenting sign of Wegener's granulomatosis.

    A case where a breast tumor was the initial manifestation of Wegener's granulomatosis is presented. breast biopsy revealed granulomatous mastitis, and treatment with tuberculostatic drugs was started. Following an initial improvement the patient finally died. Postmortem, the diagnosis of generalised Wegener's granulomatosis was made. Although Wegener's granulomatosis is a very rare cause of granulomatous mastitis, it should be considered in the differential diagnosis. A brief outline of the literature is given. ( info)

19/784. eosinophilia in Wegener's granulomatosis.

    Significant eosinophilia is a prominent feature in churg-strauss syndrome but has only rarely been described in Wegener's granulomatosis (WG). We describe two Wegener's granulomatosis patients with > 30% eosinophilia on their initial presentations. Other etiologies that could account for their eosinophilia were excluded. Both patients had pulmonary alveolar hemorrhage, sinusitis, arthritis, high-titer cytoplasmic antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (cANCA), and proteinase-3 antibodies, but no evidence of renal disease. Herein we discuss eosinophilia, the differential diagnosis of pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia, the role of cANCA in vasculitis and autoimmune disease, compare Wegener's granulomatosis and churg-strauss syndrome, and review possible pathogenic mechanisms. ( info)

20/784. Orbital wegener granulomatosis without systemic findings.

    PURPOSE: To describe a case of orbital wegener granulomatosis without systemic disease. METHOD: Case report. RESULTS: A 69-year-old patient with bilateral inflammatory lacrimal gland masses underwent multiple biopsies that showed a nonspecific lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate consistent with orbital pseudotumor. After unsuccessful treatment with systemic corticosteroids and radiation, severe orbital disease rapidly progressed and the patient underwent unilateral enucleation. The enucleated specimen showed multifocal vasculitis, tissue necrosis, and granulomas consistent with wegener granulomatosis (WG). Elevated antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody titers supported the diagnosis of WG. The patient did not have any extraocular signs of WG and continues to be disease-free systemically. CONCLUSION: The authors believe this is the first report of bilateral lacrimal gland masses presenting as a localized form of WG in the total absence of systemic disease. ( info)
<- Previous || Next ->

Leave a message about 'Wegener Granulomatosis'

We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.