Cases reported "Wounds, Gunshot"

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1/140. lead toxicity from gunshot wound.

    lead toxicity from gunshot wound is a rare complication. It occurs when body fluids, especially synovial cavity fluids, dissolve lead from the bullets, resulting in absorption and toxicity. Metabolic stress, infection, or alcoholism can also enhance absorption. Combination of chelation and surgical removal can result in favorable prognosis. awareness of this condition allows appropriate diagnostic and therapeutic interventions to be initiated in a timely manner.
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2/140. Relapsing pneumonia due to a migrating intrathoracic foreign body in a World War II veteran shot 53 years ago.

    In the great majority of cases of long-standing intrathoracic foreign bodies, patients are asymptomatic. However, symptoms may occur years later from the migration of the foreign body. We report on a 70-year-old patient who developed relapsing pneumonia due to obstruction of a bronchial branch of the left apical group by a migrating infantry bullet impacting 53 years ago. This was not diagnosed until the second attack of pneumonia in 1998. The bullet remains were removed bronchoscopically and the pneumonia resolved completely without further complications.
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3/140. Unexpected findings in the investigation of an airplane crash.

    We report on the discovery at autopsy of an unexpected cause of a crash during landing of a small sports plane with four people on board. Surprisingly, an intact bullet and fragments of the casing were found in the body of the pilot. As expected, autopsy of the other passengers predominantly revealed signs of polytraumatization. In addition, one passenger had a tunnel wound to the left hand and another, a soft tissue tear between the thumb and forefinger of the right hand. These wounds were considered to be associated with a shooting incident in the cabin. The autopsy findings and additional gunpowder trace investigations suggested that the pilot had been incapacitated by a shot from behind, resulting in the plane crash. The present findings underscore the importance of conducting autopsies on all air crash victims.
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4/140. Management of a gunshot wound to the face resulting in a mandibular body fracture with burying of a bicuspid crown into the tongue.

    Gunshot wounds to the maxillofacial region are unpredictable and run the gamut from minor injuries to severe mutilating and life threatening injuries. This patient although unfortunate to have been the victim of mistaken identify resulting in the gunshot wound, was fortunate that the bullet hit his bicuspid, which probably served to deflect its path away from vital structures, thus saving his life. This accounts for the buried bicuspid crown found in the midline of the body of the tongue. Rigid internal fixation of maxillofacial fractures minimizes risks to the airway that may occur if patients are in post-operative maxillo-mandibular fixation during the post-anesthetic recovery phase. In addition, the use of rigid internal fixation speeds up the recovery and the patient's ability to return to function after surgery. Above, we presented an interesting case of a mandibular anterior body fracture resulting from a gunshot wound in the face and resulting in the burying of a bicuspid crown in the substance of the tongue, treated under general nasoendotracheal anesthesia and the use of rigid internal fixation (EDCP).
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5/140. Intrapericardial tumbling bullet.

    foreign bodies of the pericardium are rare and they are associated most commonly with significant trauma. The diagnosis of a pericardial foreign body can be difficult. One must distinguish between foreign matter in the cardiac chamber or free-floating in the mediastinum. Serial chest x-rays and fluoroscopy were most helpful to us. Neither CT scan nor an echocardiogram were particularly helpful. To prevent pericarditis, either sterile or non-sterile, with potential for other significant complications, removal of a pericardial foreign body is always indicated.
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6/140. Retained digital foreign body after a pellet gun injury.

    A symptomatic foreign body embedded in the human body can be a frustrating problem for physician and patient alike. A unique case of a retained foreign object resulting from a pellet gun injury has been presented. Although the course of treatment in this case was uncomplicated, it is important to understand the complexities of the human body's response to foreign bodies.
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7/140. air gun dart injury in paranasal sinuses left alone.

    patients with paranasal sinus foreign body are not commonly seen in otolaryngological practice and papers dealing with this issue are rare in the English literature. One case of penetrating sinus injury due to air gun dart is presented to illustrate the potentially serious consequences of air gun injuries. The clinical presentation, diagnostic pitfalls and the treatment aspects are discussed.
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8/140. Intracranial penetrating orbital injury.

    The authors report a case of double-penetrating injury of the globe with intracranial involvement from a pellet gun. A 16-year-old boy had a visual acuity of bare light perception in the left eye after being hit by a pellet. There was an inferior limbal entry site, dense hyphema, and no view of the fundus. Computed tomographic scan showed the pellet intracranially close to the left cavernous sinus. After neurosurgical clearance, the patient underwent primary closure of the corneoscleral entry site followed 3 weeks later by pars plana vitrectomy, lensectomy, and repair of a rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. At 12 months postoperatively, visual acuity was 20/300 and the retina was attached. Our case demonstrates the potential for significant visual recovery in some patients with a penetrating orbital injury and intracranial involvement. Complete radiographic evaluation with neurosurgical consultation is important in the management of these patients prior to ophthalmologic intervention with possible foreign body removal. There is a need for more public awareness regarding the potentially harmful effects of pellet guns.
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9/140. Incomplete shored exit wounds: a report of three cases.

    Typical and atypical exit wounds are well described in the forensic literature. Included in the descriptions of atypical exit wounds are perforating, "shored" exit wounds, in which the perforation of the skin is associated with an abrasion, whether or not the bullet fully exits the body. The authors describe an atypical, incomplete, shored exit wound in which the skin was abraded by supporting material at the site the bullet was recovered, but there was no associated perforation of the skin. Recognition of this injury pattern can be important in reconstruction of the crime scene in relation to the victim at the time of the shooting.
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10/140. Gaze-evoked amaurosis produced by intraorbital buckshot pellet.

    OBJECTIVE: To report the first case of gaze-evoked amaurosis secondary to an intraocular foreign body and to highlight the characteristic clinical findings of patients with this symptom. DESIGN: Case report and review of the literature. methods: Case review, clinical history, electrophysiologic testing, and follow-up. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: visual acuity, automated perimetry, and visual fields. RESULTS: A case of gaze-evoked amaurosis as a result of an intraorbital foreign body is described, and 19 additional cases of gaze-evoked amaurosis are reviewed from the English language literature. These cases share certain characteristics including good vision in primary position with deterioration of vision in eccentric gaze; concurrent objective pupillary abnormalities in eccentric gaze; stereotypic onset and recovery of vision; and funduscopic abnormalities consisting of disc edema and chorioretinal folds. CONCLUSIONS: Gaze-evoked amaurosis is a reliable sign of intraconal mass lesion. We report the first case of gaze-evoked amaurosis secondary to an intraorbital foreign body.
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