Cases reported "Wounds, Nonpenetrating"

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1/1336. Delayed hemorrhage after nonoperative management of blunt hepatic trauma in children: a rare but significant event.

    PURPOSE: Nonoperative management of blunt hepatic injury (BHI) has become widely accepted in hemodynamically stable children without ongoing transfusion requirements. However, late hemorrhage, especially after discharge from the hospital can be devastating. The authors report the occurrence of serious late hemorrhage and the sentinel signs and symptoms in children at risk for this complication. methods: Nonoperative management of hemodynamically stable children included computed tomography (CT) evaluation on admission and hospitalization with bed rest for 7 days, regardless of injury grade. Activity was restricted for 3 months after discharge. Hepatic injuries were classified according to grade, amount of hemoperitoneum, and periportal hypoattenuation. RESULTS: Over 5 years, nonoperative management was successful in 74 of 75 children. One child returned to the hospital 3 days after discharge with recurrent hemorrhage necessitating surgical control. review of the CT findings demonstrated that he was the only child with severe liver injury in all four classifications. A second child, initially treated at an outside hospital, presented 10 days after injury with ongoing bleeding and died despite surgical intervention. Only the two children with delayed bleeding had persistent right abdominal and shoulder discomfort in the week after BHI. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings support nonoperative management of BHI. However, late hemorrhage heralded by persistence of right abdominal and shoulder pain may occur in children with severe hepatic trauma and high injury severity scores in multiple classifications.
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2/1336. Painful incarcerated hernia following a rugby union lineout.

    Discussion related to hernias in sport usually involves the diagnosis and treatment of chronic musculotendinous groin disruption. A case of acute trauma in an incarcerated inguinal hernia, occurring in a rugby union player during a lineout, is presented. The injury arose as a result of a change in the laws of the game.
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3/1336. Duodenal perforation following blunt abdominal trauma: case report.

    A case of severe duodenal injury in a 20-year-old female due to blunt abdominal trauma secondary to road traffic accident is presented. The difficulty and hence delay in making a diagnosis of duodenal injury is discussed.
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4/1336. Pericardial drainage prior to operation contributes to surgical repair of traumatic cardiac injury.

    We report on two cases of successful surgical repair of cardiac injury: one involving a left ventricular stab injury and the other a blunt rupture of the right atrium. Each patient underwent emergency surgical repair, the former via left anterolateral thoracotomy and the latter via median sternotomy, following pericardial drainage tube insertion from the subxiphoid area. The operative approach was chosen according to the color of drained blood, i.e., arterial bleeding indicated left anterolateral thoracotomy, while venous bleeding indicated median sternotomy. We conclude that pericardial drainage via the subxiphoid approach prior to induction of anesthesia is an easy and useful technique to perform, not only to release cardiac tamponade but to determine the operative approach in patients suffering from cardiac tamponade following cardiac injury.
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5/1336. Bilateral vertebral artery occlusion following cervical spine trauma--case report.

    A 41-year-old female presented with a rare case of bilateral vertebral artery occlusion following C5-6 cervical spine subluxation after a fall of 30 feet. Digital subtraction angiography showed occlusion of the bilateral vertebral arteries. Unlocking of the facet joint, posterior wiring with iliac crest grafting, and anterior fusion were performed. The patient died on the 3rd day after the operation. This type of injury has a grim prognosis with less than a third of the patients achieving a good outcome.
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6/1336. Analysis of blunt trauma injuries: vertical deceleration versus horizontal deceleration injuries.

    There are several similarities found in blunt trauma injuries to humans sustained as a result of vertical deceleration (falling) and those sustained as a result of deceleration in a horizontal plane (automobile accidents). However, examination of the patterns of traumatic skeletal injuries can distinguish those injuries associated with falling from heights from those associated with automobile accidents. While there is considerable variation within each type of blunt trauma injury dependent on the angle at which one falls or is struck, there are several characteristic skeletal features associated with each type of trauma. In this study we review both the current literature and human skeletal remains from the University of new mexico's Documented Collection known to have been subjected to blunt trauma. This collection is used to characterize and differentiate the pattern of skeletal injuries to various parts of the body for each type of trauma. These assessments are applied to investigate the traumatic skeletal lesions observed in a forensic case where the manner of death is unknown. Analyses suggest two possible scenarios that would explain the death of the individual investigated, with death most likely related to a vehicular-pedestrian accident.
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7/1336. Traumatic liver rupture in pregnancy.

    Two pregnant women, 1 in the second trimester and 1 in the third trimester, sustained blunt liver trauma as unrestrained drivers in motor vehicle accidents. One patient had an overt injury that was apparent on computerized tomography and underwent surgical exploration when nonreassuring fetal monitoring occurred. The second patient, discharged after 23 hours of normal observation, returned a day later with overt intra-abdominal hemorrhage from an obvious liver laceration.
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8/1336. Laparoscopic drainage of an intramural duodenal hematoma.

    A 21-year-old man was admitted with vomiting and abdominal pain 3 days after sustaining blunt abdominal trauma by being tackled in a game of American football. A diagnosis of intramural hematoma of the duodenum was made using computed tomography and upper gastrointestinal tract contrast radiography. The hematoma caused obstructive jaundice by compressing the common bile duct. The contents of the hematoma were laparoscopically drained. A small perforation was then found in the duodenal wall. The patient underwent laparotomy and repair of the injury. Laparoscopic surgery can be used as definitive therapy in this type of abdominal trauma.
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9/1336. Prolonged recovery after extended right hepatic lobectomy in a patient with severe blunt liver injury and laceration of the vena cava. A report of case with special references to autotransfusion and complications of biliary decompression.

    A patient with severe blunt liver injury and laceration of the vena cava who underwent a successful extended right hepatic lobectomy is reported. The use of autotransfusion unit saved the patient from exsanguination. His postoperative course was complicated by renal and hepatic failure, bile leakage, and persistent jaundice due to cholangitis. Prolonged choledochal drainage via T-tube obviously acted as a source of infection. The use of autotransfusion, choledochal drainage and the proper timing of its removal, the treatment of vena cava lesions and jaundice due to cholangitis in patients with severe liver trauma are discussed.
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10/1336. death due to concussion and alcohol.

    We encountered 5 deaths following blunt trauma to the face and head in which the injuries were predominantly soft tissue in nature with absence of skull fractures, intracranial bleeding, or detectable injury to the brain. All individuals were intoxicated, with blood ethanol levels ranging from 0.22 to 0.33 g/dl. We feel that in these deaths, ethanol augmentation of the effects of concussive brain injury, with resultant posttraumatic apnea, was the mechanism of death.
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ranking = 0.4
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