Cases reported "Wounds, Nonpenetrating"

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21/1336. Immediate and persistent complete heart block following a horse kick.

    Nonpenetrating chest trauma has been reported to cause acute and transient disorders of impulse formation and propagation, including intraventricular conduction delay and heart block. We report a case of immediate and sustained complete heart block following blunt chest injury.
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ranking = 1
keywords = injury
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22/1336. A case of referred pain evoked by remote light touch after partial nerve injury.

    An unusual case of referred pain is presented in which a 63-year-old man, who suffered a severe injury to his right hand and arm during young adulthood, describes the later development of dysesthesia and shooting pain in his arm subsequent to stimulation of the ipsilateral scalp, the temporal and infrazygomatic region of the face, and the back. Referred sensations of this type are usually reported following amputation of an arm. Clinical examination of the sensory and motor function of the arm and hand revealed partial damage to the radial, ulnar and median nerves as well as possible brachial plexus involvement. Interestingly, pain could be evoked by repeated light touches applied to the remote trigger areas suggesting the involvement of a 'wind-up'-like process.
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ranking = 5.3036213824757
keywords = injury, nerve injury, nerve
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23/1336. Renal trauma in occult ureteropelvic junction obstruction: CT findings.

    The aim of this study was to present CT findings of occult ureteropelvic junction obstruction in patients with renal trauma and to describe the clinical signs and singular CT features that are characteristically observed with trauma and are relevant to management of these patients. We retrospectively reviewed 82 helical CT studies in patients with renal trauma referred to our institution. We found 13 cases of occult preexisting renal pathology, six of which were occult ureteropelvic junction obstructions. The clinical presentation, radiologic findings of trauma according to the Federle classification, and CT findings of obstructed ureteropelvic junction are presented. We found three category-I lesions (one in horseshoe kidney), two of them treated with nephrostomy because of increased ureteropelvic junction obstruction due to pelvic clots; two category-II lesions (parenchymal and renal pelvis lacerations) that had presented only with microhematuria; and one category-IV lesion (pelvic laceration alone). Pelvic extension was demonstrated in all the cases with perirenal collections. The CT studies in all the cases with suspected ureteropelvic junction obstruction showed decreased parenchymal thickness and enhancement, and dilatation of the renal pelvis and calyx, with a normal ureter. Computed tomography can provide information to confidently diagnose underlying ureteropelvic junction obstruction in renal trauma, categorize the traumatic injury (at times clinically silent) and facilitate proper management according to the singularities observed, such us rupture of the renal pelvis alone (Federle category IV) and increasing ureteropelvic obstruction due to clots which can be decompressed by nephrostomy.
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ranking = 1
keywords = injury
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24/1336. Sonographic diagnosis of mesenteric hematoma.

    Blunt abdominal trauma is common in children. Handlebar injuries may produce duodenal hematoma and pancreatic injuries, but mesenteric hematoma is relatively uncommon. We report a mesenteric hematoma resulting from a handlebar injury in a 4-year-old boy. Abdominal sonography showed a heterogeneous hypoechoic mass with an echogenic wall in the central portion of the abdomen. color Doppler study revealed vascularity at the periphery of the lesion, suggesting mesenteric hematoma. CT, upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, and a small bowel x-ray series confirmed the diagnosis.
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ranking = 1
keywords = injury
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25/1336. Intrapericardial caval injury due to blunt trauma.

    BACKGROUND: Report of diagnosis and treatment of intrapericardial vena caval injury caused by blunt thoracic trauma, an unusual cause of cardiac tamponade. methods: A 43-year-old male motor vehicle accident victim suffered a lacerated intrapericardial inferior vena cava leading to cardiac tamponade. Positive clinical findings were hypotension and tachycardia without indication of external chest trauma. RESULTS: Abdominal computed tomography was negative, but ultrasound demonstrated cardiac tamponade and fluid in the abdomen. pericardiocentesis was performed, and nonclotted blood was aspirated. laparotomy showed intra-abdominal blood and splenic capsule avulsion. sternotomy revealed a laceration of the inferior vena cava, which was repaired. CONCLUSIONS: Signs of cardiac tamponade and a history of blunt thoracic trauma caused by deceleration injury suggests intrapericardial inferior vena cava injury. Median sternotomy is the optimal choice for caval repair.
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ranking = 7
keywords = injury
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26/1336. A patient with a traumatic right diaphragmatic hernia occurring 4 years after sustaining injury--statistical observations of a delayed diaphragmatic hernia caused by uncomplicated injury in japan.

    We describe our experience with a patient in whom a traumatic right diaphragmatic hernia developed 4 years after sustaining injury and review cases of delayed diaphragmatic injury reported in japan. The patient was a 28-year-old man who sustained a severe contusion of the right epigastric region and fractured a right rib in a traffic accident in September 1992. In August 1996, the patient presented with shortness of breath on effort or after meals. A chest roentgenogram revealed intestinal gas in the right side of the thoracic cavity. A right diaphragmatic hernia was diagnosed on the basis of a gastrointestinal series, and the patient was operated on. The hernial orifice extended anteriorly from the central tendon in an 11:00 direction and measured 11 x 6 cm. The small intestine, right side of the colon, and liver were herniated. A total of 297 cases of blunt traumatic diaphragmatic hernia were reported in japan between 1981 and 1996, including 47 cases (left side, 32 cases; right side, 15 cases) of delayed diaphragmatic hernia, defined as occurring one month or more after injury. Diaphragmatic hernia should be considered as a possible diagnosis in patients with abnormal shadows in the thoracic region who have recently sustained injury or who have a past history of injury.
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ranking = 13
keywords = injury
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27/1336. Combined blunt cardiac and pericardial rupture: review of the literature and report of a new diagnostic algorithm.

    The spectrum of blunt cardiac injury varies from the asymptomatic cardiac concussion to the immediately fatal cardiac rupture. Although the majority of victims sustaining blunt cardiac rupture die before receiving medical attention, some survive to evaluation. The diagnosis of cardiac rupture, if established, typically results from the signs and symptoms of pericardial tamponade. However, some patients may have remarkably few signs and symptoms suggestive of cardiac injury and represent a significant diagnostic challenge. We provide two cases of cardiac rupture in which the diagnosis was delayed by the presence of an associated pericardial tear with decompression into the mediastinum and pleural space. In neither of the cases did existing institutional algorithms for blunt cardiac injury assist in establishing the diagnosis before the acute demise of the patient. The presence of a coexisting pericardial injury in these patients with blunt cardiac rupture obscured the diagnosis, leading to the deaths of these patients. A discussion of these two cases and review of the literature is provided with recommendations for diagnostic algorithms in patients sustaining blunt thoracic trauma with possible cardiac and pericardial injury.
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ranking = 5
keywords = injury
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28/1336. Unusual presentations of pleomorphic adenoma and adenoid cystic carcinoma of the lacrimal gland.

    PURPOSE: To report two atypical cases of pleomorphic adenoma and adenoid cystic tumours of the lacrimal gland. methods: Two case reports are presented. The first is of a 65-year-old female with a long history of right hypoglobus with sudden recent worsening. Computed tomography (CT) showed a round, well-defined lesion in the fossa for the lacrimal gland with an anterior hypodense extension suggestive of possible malignancy in a pleomorphic adenoma. The tumour in the second case, a 35-year-old male, was diagnosed after presentation following a relatively minor periorbital injury. The smooth rounded mass on CT scan was suggestive of a benign lacrimal gland tumour. RESULTS: The lesion in case 1 was excised with a diagnosis of haemorrhage within a pleomorphic adenoma. The lesion in case 2 was excised with a diagnosis of adenoid cystic carcinoma of the lacrimal gland with pseudocapsule. CONCLUSIONS: Haemorrhagic cyst developing beneath the pseudocapsule of a pleomorphic adenoma should be considered in the differential diagnosis of secondary development of malignancy in a pleomorphic adenoma. Adenoid cystic tumours of the lacrimal gland can present with a pseudocapsule.
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ranking = 1
keywords = injury
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29/1336. Hepatic arterial pseudoaneurysm: a rare complication of blunt abdominal trauma in children.

    We report a child who developed a hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm following blunt hepatic injury. This is a rare complication of hepatic trauma in children. The imaging evaluation and clinical management of hepatic artery pseudoaneurysms are presented.
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ranking = 1
keywords = injury
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30/1336. Blunt cerebrovascular injuries.

    On the basis of our experience and the available literature, we submit that aggressive screening for BCI based on injury patterns is warranted. However, several important clinical issues remain unresolved. The precise injury patterns and relative cerebrovascular risks remain to be defined. Furthermore, the optimal diagnostic screening test remains to be identified, with consideration of the relative risk-benefit profile. Finally, we must determine the best methods for the treatment of BCI. Although the definitive study has yet to be completed, the use of heparin was associated with a trend toward improved outcomes in symptomatic patients. In addition, no asymptomatic patient experienced the development of new neurologic deficits during heparin therapy. Therefore we believe that the early institution of heparin therapy is indicated. The role of endovascular stenting, however, remains unclear.
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ranking = 2
keywords = injury
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