Cases reported "Wounds, Penetrating"

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1/300. Bone cyst of a fishy origin: from an old catfish spine puncture wound to the foot.

    A rare first metatarsal unicameral-type bone cyst with a deceptive radiographic appearance and size and an unusual pathological etiology was identified in a female patient. This eccentric cyst was observed only postoperatively by radiograph. review of the patient's history documented a foot injury from a catfish spine as the etiology of this chronically inflamed cyst.
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2/300. Some missile injuries due to civil unrest in northern ireland.

    Some missile injuries are reviewed after nearly 8 years of continuous warfare. A feature of many of these injuries is the early admission to hospital which has had a profound effect on the survival rate and the recovery period. Some examples are given of injuries inflicted by rubber bullets. The effects of wounding by low and high velocity missiles are described and examples given. An injury caused by a missile incorporated in a bomb is also shown.
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3/300. Physical activity following fatal injury from sharp pointed weapons.

    Cases of suicide from sharp pointed weapons (n = 12) witnessed by one or more persons are reported with regard to the potential for physical activity. One case each involved the ulnar artery, the great saphenous vein and the periphery of the lung and liver and the physical activity following these injuries lasted for several hours. In one case, the left carotid and vertebral arteries were transected and the physical activity lasted for approximately 10 s. An extraordinary case involved a protracted incapacitation due to heart tamponade from a small myocardial injury caused by a cannula. In the remaining seven cases, a stab wound to the heart was present. With regard to the physical activity, a long-term group (2-10 min, n = 4) can be differentiated from a short-term group (approximately 10 s, n = 2) and one case of immediate incapacitation. The size of the myocardial perforation was 7-10 mm in length in the long-term group compared to 1.4-2 cm in the short-term group. So small perforations of the heart or incisions of the carotid artery offer a potential for considerable physical activity. Large perforations of the heart or a transection of the carotid and vertebral arteries can result in short-term activity.
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4/300. Cerebral abscess after presumed superficial periorbital wound.

    Penetrating wounds in the periorbital region may appear superficial and minor at first glance. The unique shape and thin bony roof of the orbit give these injuries a significant risk of associated intracranial penetration. This can initially be asymptomatic, and a high index of suspicion is essential to properly diagnose and treat these injuries. We report a case of an 8-year-old female who presented with delayed seizures from a frontal abscess resulting from such an injury. This article reviews the literature and discusses the appropriate management that should be used by emergency room and military physicians.
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5/300. Multivascular trauma on an adolescent. Perioperative management.

    Penetrating vascular injury, in particular at the neck, is a life-threatening trauma not only of the nature and the anatomic proximity of cardiovascular, aerodigestive, glandular and neurologic system but also of the development of early and late complications. The following case report describes our experience with a penetrating wound patient, who was admitted to our emergencies twelve hours after the accident. The only demonstrable objective signs included a large hematoma at the right-side of the neck and distended mediastinum on the chest X-ray. As the patient was cardiovascularly unstable he was immediately transported to the theater without any angiography. The mandatory operative exploration was initially unsuccessful and a median sternotomy with a standard cardiopulmonary bypass and deep hypothermia circulatory arrest was established to restore all the vascular lesions. Actually, the patient was in critical condition with a rupture of the right internal jugular vein, a large pseudoaneurysm of the innominate artery and an avulsion of the ascending aorta with the suspicion of a cardiac tamponade. The postoperative period lasted two full months, while complications appeared. The substantial message from this multivascular trauma is the early diagnosis of the life-threatening complications as exsanguinations, ventricular fibrillation and the ability to minimize postoperative complications, which will impair the normal functional life of the patient.
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6/300. Thoracoscopic retrieval of foreign body after penetrating chest injury: report of two cases.

    Video-assisted thoracic surgery has proved to be valuable in many settings in thoracic surgery. The use of video-assisted thoracic surgery in trauma has recently rapidly increased. It is useful in acute or delayed management of patients with blunt and penetrating chest trauma. It is safe for removal of clotted hemothorax, treatment of thoracic empyema, treatment of persistent pneumothorax, treatment of chylothorax, and for diagnosis of diaphragmatic injury. We report two cases using thoracoscopy to remove intrathoracic metal fragments and avert the need for thoracotomy. In the first patient, a metal fragment injury was sustained via a penetrating wound from the supraclavicular notch to the right upper lung. The metal fragment was retrieved and the lung was repaired thoracoscopically using conventional suturing techniques. A second patient sustained a broken pin injury to the left upper mediastinum via a low neck wound. The pin was successfully removed under videothoracoscopy. Both patients recovered uneventfully and had shortened hospital stays. We feel that thoracoscopy offers a therapeutic as well as diagnostic benefit in stable patients with penetrating chest trauma.
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7/300. Transoral missile removal from the anterior C1 region following transpharyngeal missile wound.

    We present a successful treatment result in a rare case of low velocity missile transpharyngeal wound to the upper cervical area in a 33-year-old man. There are very few reports concerning related cases, with some disagreement regarding their treatment. The retained missile was successfully removed from the anterior region of the C1 vertebra through a transoral-transpharyngeal approach using the explosive transpharyngeal wound sustained. Neurological status and spine stability were not affected due to the missile's low velocity. The early soft-tissue debridement, missile removal, pharyngeal closure without wound drainage and broad-spectrum antibiotic coverage resulted in an uneventful postoperative course and good long-term outcome. Early surgery is important to prevent complications in such cases. However, the prophylactic tracheostomy, wound drainage and applying of a nasogastric tube could be left to the surgeon's judgment based on the individual patient's respiratory status, intraoperative findings and wound contamination/colonization.
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8/300. Free toe pulp transfer for digital reconstruction after high-pressure injection injury.

    We report two cases of high-pressure injection injuries to the fingertip in which free toe pulp flaps were used to resurface the palmar surface of the finger following extensive wound debridement. There was good return of sensibility and, because of the high durability of the donor skin, both patients regained good functional use of the injured digits and returned to heavy manual work. There was minimal associated morbidity of the donor sites. The free toe pulp flap represents an excellent alternative for resurfacing the digit with a large residual skin defect after high-pressure injection injury.
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9/300. vancomycin-resistant Enterococci infected puncture wound to the foot. A case report.

    vancomycin is often administered empirically to patients with osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, septic throbophlebitis, infected burns, and cellulitis of the lower extremities when methicillin-resistant staphylococci are suspected, or when a staphylococcus organism is suspected in a penicillin-allergic patient. physicians must be aware of the guidelines established regarding the use of vancomycin to avoid bacterial resistance. physicians also must be aware of the procedures that have been developed to help contain nasocomial outbreaks of vancomycin-resistant Enterococci.
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10/300. Orbital foreign bodies after penetrating gunshot wounds: retrospective analysis of 22 cases and clinical review.

    We conducted a retrospective analysis of 22 patients having orbital penetrating gunshot wounds treated over a 4-years period. The neurological status and the site of injury for each patient are evaluated in this study. We propose a practical protocol in the management of these orbital foreign bodies. Surgical treatment was performed in 4 patients (had functional deficit) with medial orbitotomy in 2, lateral orbitotomy in 1, and superior orbitotomy in 1. 3 of them are improved, in one case the blindness has been continued. 18 patients were treated conservatively and all of them are improved. All patients were followed-up for 2 years with cranial x-rays and CT scans. Neurological sequelae were regressed which existed before the surgery. In conservatively treated cases, infection, migration and functional deficit were not seen. In conclusion, orbital penetrating gunshot wounds must be evaluated precisely by the surgeon and this evaluation sets the guidelines for management. The operation should be reserved for the patients in whom the necrotic soft tissues or orbital damages restrict ocular movements.
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