Cases reported "Wounds, Stab"

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1/25. Tentative injuries to exposed skin in a homicide case.

    A 28-year-old man stabbed both his wife and his 3-year-old son to death, before unsuccessfully attempting to commit suicide. The incident occurred against a background of marital conflict. The child's body exhibited six tentative wounds to the skin in the area of the heart, with no corresponding defects in the overlying clothing, a pattern normally seen only in suicide. Their presence can be explained by the fact that this can be considered an extended suicide, the father's motivation for the killing being comparable to that for true suicide. However, wounds of this nature can be produced in such cases only if the victim is severely limited in his ability to defend himself, here due to the superior physical strength of the father.
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2/25. neuroimaging of a wooden foreign body retained for 5 months in the temporalis muscle following penetrating trauma with a chopstick--case report.

    A 48-year-old female was stabbed by her husband with a chopstick made of wood in the left temporal region during a quarrel. She suffered laceration of the left temporal scalp. At initial examination, she concealed the assault with a chopstick. radiography showed no abnormality, so the wound was sutured. One month after the injury, a painless subcutaneous mass appeared in the left temporal region which grew rapidly for 3 months. She was then admitted to our department. Computed tomography (CT) on admission showed a hyperdense area at the center of the mass. This area was hypointense on both T1- and T2-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) images. Temporalis muscle tumor with accompanying central necrosis, old hematoma, and inflammatory granuloma was considered. The mass was totally resected for cosmetic purposes and was found to be wooden foreign body granuloma. High density on CT and hypointensity on both T1- and T2-weighted MR images are characteristic of a chronically retained wooden foreign body in the living body and are useful for detecting wooden foreign bodies in the chronic granulomatous phase.
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3/25. Suicides by sharp force: typical and atypical features.

    A total of 65 consecutive cases of suicide by sharp force were investigated by evaluating the autopsy and prosecution department records. Suicides constituted 17% of all fatalities from sharp force autopsied between 1967 and 1996. Young males and persons with a psychiatric history predominated among the persons who chose this "hard" method of suicide. The most common implements used were knives (62%) and razor blades (15%). Cutting injuries in isolation were present in 26, stab injuries in isolation in 24 and a combination of both in 15 fatalities. The number of injuries per case varied from 1 to 37 but 1/3 showed one injury. More than 85% of the cutting injuries were located at the wrist, elbow crease or neck whereas 79% of the stab injuries involved the ventral aspect of the trunk. Perforation of clothing was present in 16 (52%) out of 31 stab injuries to the trunk. Injuries to more than one body region were observed in 34 (52%) cases. Tentative marks were present in 50 (77%) fatalities and the number varied from 1 to 60 per case. Superficial incisions of the fingers were found in 15% with razor blades constituting the weapon in half of these cases. Deviations from these typical patterns occurred not infrequently. The utter determination of the victim to carry it through or the use of unusual weapons resulted in a few bizarre cases which are outlined briefly.
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4/25. Delayed presentation of transorbital intracranial pen.

    A 13 year old Fijian boy sustained a stab wound to the left orbit 3 years ago. It was not appreciated by the treating physicians in fiji that the plastic pen had crossed from the left orbit, through the nose, right orbit and right optic nerve, into the right middle cranial fossa and lodged in the right temporal lobe and that the pen remained in situ for the past 3 years. The boy presented to australia with a discharge from the entry wound in his left lower eyelid. The retained foreign body was not detected on computed tomography imaging, but was detected on subsequent magnetic resonance image. A combined neurosurgery/plastic surgery craniofacial approach was undertaken with successful complete removal of the retained pen, and preservation of vision in his only seeing eye.
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5/25. Accidentally discovered large metallic intra-orbital foreign body.

    A 6.2 cm long and 2.7 cm thick metallic foreign body was accidentally found and removed from a 62 years old man. He was sent to a minor operation theater for repair of left lower lid laceration secondary to trauma after a fight. Subsequent investigation, management, patient follow-up and outcome are discussed. Importance of careful history taking, thorough physical examination and proper investigations are stressed.
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6/25. Pencil-core granuloma of the distal radio-ulnar joint: an unusual presentation as soft-tissue sarcoma after 45 years.

    A case of pencil-gore granuloma occurring 45 years after he initial injury is described. The clinical and radiological presentation was suggestive of a soft-tissue sarcoma. The diagnosis was confirmed by biopsy, which also revealed foreign body fragments which, on spectometric analysis, had high concentrations of carbon and aluminium.
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7/25. Surgical management of combined stab injury of the spinal cord and the aorta--case report.

    A 32-year-old man presented with a combined penetrating stab injury of the spinal cord and the aorta caused by a knife wound in his back at the low thoracic level. The knife had broken, and part of the blade had been retained in the wound, passing through the spinal canal and into the aortic lumen. The patient was treated in two steps: the aorta was repaired by a thoracotomy, then spinal exploration was carried out through a laminectomy. Because of the tamponade effect of the foreign body, it was necessary to delay removal of the blade until vascular control had been achieved. Any sign of a penetrating body passing through the spine should suggest careful evaluation to detect any visceral injury, and multidisciplinary treatment should be planned.
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8/25. Intraoperative ultrasonography is useful for diagnosing pancreatic duct injury and adjacent tissue damage in a patient with penetrating pancreas trauma.

    We report a case of pancreatic injury, caused by a stab wound, in which ductal injury and wound depth were clearly identified by intraoperative ultrasonography. A 65-year-old woman was emergently admitted to our hospital after stabbing herself in the abdomen in a suicide attempt. Preoperative computed tomography (CT) and laboratory examination revealed liver and pancreatic injury with massive abdominal bleeding and free air. Operative findings included injuries of the stomach, small bowel, colon, liver, and pancreas. The pancreatic lacerations were 1 cm in length, in the body. Intraoperative ultrasonography enabled the diagnosis of a lacerated main pancreatic duct with no damage to the major vessels posterior to the pancreas. Distal pancreatectomy; simple repairs of the liver, small bowel, and stomach; exteriorization of the injured colon; cholecystostomy; gastrostomy; and jejunostomy were performed. The patient recovered and was transferred to a psychiatric hospital 87 days after surgery. In this patient, intraoperative ultrasonography was successfully used to identify the degree of injury to the pancreatic duct, as well as the depth of the stab wound. In conclusion, intraoperative ultrasonography should be routinely performed to detect main pancreatic duct injury in penetrating pancreatic trauma.
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9/25. Cuts to the offender's own hand--unintentional self-infliction in the course of knife attacks.

    In a knife attack the perpetrator can unintentionally injure his own hand, if the knife does not have an adequate handguard and the tip of the blade hits a solid, mostly bony structure while being violently thrust into the victim's body. The injuries occurring under these conditions are localized on the flexor side of the knife-holding hand and may include the index, middle, ring and little fingers. They are seen particularly often on the little finger at the level of the proximal phalanx and in the skin fold of the proximal interphalangeal joint. The majority of these cuts run transversely to the longitudinal axis of the fingers and can show a step-like arrangement with different distances to the metacarpophalangeal joints, often from ulnar-proximal to radial-distal. In the six cases presented the injuries were most pronounced on the ulnar side of the hand. When the flexor tendons of the fingers are also severed and the tendon stumps are strongly retracted this indicates that the fist was firmly closed at the time of the injury.
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10/25. Delayed myelopathy after a stab wound with a retained intraspinal foreign body: case report.

    A case of delayed myelopathy appearing 15 years after a stab wound to the thoracic spine with a retained foreign body in the spinal canal is reported. Severe inflammatory reaction to iron corrosion was found, with granuloma and sterile pus formation. Removal of the foreign body and partial excision of the granuloma resulted in clinical improvement. Reaction to foreign body corrosion is believed to be the major cause of delayed neurologic deficit and is an important guideline for removal of asymptomatic intraspinal foreign bodies.
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