Cases reported "Wounds, Stab"

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1/10. Puncture wounds caused by glass mistaken for with stab wounds with a knife.

    Three cases are presented where fatal puncture wounds caused by broken glass were very similar to stab wounds inflicted by a knife with a single-edged blade. Thus, all three cases caused a murder investigation to be initiated. It could only be determined that these wounds had been caused by glass after a detailed forensic autopsy. In two of the three cases, the only evidence for this was the identification of glass fragments in the wounds. The importance of X-ray examinations is underlined because modern glass in common use is radiopaque. glass fragments lodged in the wounds can reduce the loss of blood and thus, prolong the capacity to act despite severe injuries.
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2/10. Sequential endovascular coil embolization for a traumatic cervical vertebral AV fistula.

    An arteriovenous (AV) fistula involving the cervical vertebral artery is rare. Iatrogenic injury from percutaneous puncture and penetrating wounds are the most common causes. Symptoms include tinnitus and the presence of a pulsatile mass with a thrill. Conservative treatment with coil embolization and preservation of the vertebral artery is an alternative to surgical intervention. We report a patient who developed an AV fistula involving the vertebral artery and internal jugular vein following surgical repair of a stab wound to the neck. The sequential endovascular coil embolism was performed with subsequent successful occlusion of fistula. No neurological deficit developed during or after intervention. This approach appears to be a safe method in the treatment of vertebral AV fistula.
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3/10. Diagnostic peritoneal lavage through an abdominal stab wound.

    Diagnostic peritoneal lavage (DPL) is one of the most useful tools in the diagnosis of intraperitoneal injuries secondary to stab wounds. The lavage catheter is inserted into the peritoneal cavity through a surgical incision or a blind puncture. Complications related to the catheter insertion were previously reported in both techniques. We describe 2 cases in which the lavage catheter was inserted through the stab wound itself after local wound exploration clearly demonstrated violation of the peritoneum. We suggest that in anterior abdominal stab wounds, the DPL can be safely and effectively performed through the stab wound if penetration to the peritoneum is diagnosed.
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4/10. Percutaneous reposition of dislodged coils in the treatment of a vertebral arteriovenous fistula--with CT follow-up.

    We report a case of vertebral arteriovenous fistula in which embolization was complicated by migration of two coils and a partially inflated balloon. In order to relieve compression to the spinal cord, the displaced balloon was punctured percutaneously. For both relieving compression to the spinal cord and obliterating the residual fistula, the dislodged coils in the partially thrombosed epidural venous sinus were removed percutaneously and placed in the fistula, and more coils were implanted in the fistula percutaneously through the needle. CT follow-up half a year later showed complete resolution of compression of the spinal cord and complete recovery from myelopathy was clinically apparent.
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5/10. diagnosis and management of traumatic ventricular septal defect.

    Four cases of ventricular septal defect secondary to stab wounds of the heart are presented. One of three patients arriving at the Emergency Department in shock and who were resuscitated required an emergency thoracotomy. These patients had immediate repair of their external cardiac wounds in the Operating Room. Cases 1 and 3 developed heart failure and loud systolic murmur postoperatively. Case 4 was treated with chest tube for a left hemothorax and developed heart failure after discharge. In Cases 1, 2, and 3, 2-D echocardiography detected and located a VSD. In Case 3 Doppler measurement showed elevated RV pressure (45 mm Hg) and decreased peak tricuspid to mitral flow ratio (0.36, normal = 0.6). All patients underwent cardiac catheterization. In Case 4 there was associated mitral regurgitation. Cases 1 and 3 had pulmonary to systemic flow ratios greater than 3:1. Cases 1, 3, and 4 underwent operative repair. In Case 1 the VSD was closed with a dacron patch, and in Cases 3 and 4 it was sutured with Teflon pledgets. In Case 4 a puncture wound of the mitral valve annulus was simultaneously repaired. All patients are alive but in Case 1 postoperative 2-D echocardiography demonstrated partial dehiscence of the patch which has not required reoperation and in Case 3 post-repair 2-D echocardiography and Doppler flow studies have shown an intact VSD repair. This series of post-traumatic VSD demonstrates its varying clinical presentation and the diagnostic and followup benefits offered by 2-D echocardiography, especially when combined with Doppler flow measures.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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6/10. Successful treatment of dural puncture headache with epidural saline infusion after failure of epidural blood patch. Case report.

    A case is presented of a 30-year-old female with a 4-month history of post-lumbar puncture headache (PLPHA) resulting from an accidental dural puncture during an attempted epidural anesthetic for cesarean section. Epidural blood patches were attempted at 4 days and 3 months post-lumbar puncture, but were unsuccessful. At 4 months post-lumbar puncture, a 24-h epidural saline infusion relieved the PLPHA for 48 h, but the headache returned. Finally, a second epidural saline infusion was done, followed by an epidural blood patch, which permanently cured the PLPHA. Follow-up to 4 months showed no return of the PLPHA. The rationale for epidural blood and saline patches is discussed.
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7/10. The danger of intracranial wood.

    Peri-orbital puncture wounds by sharp wooden objects are not rare, but can be dangerous when there is intracranial penetration by and retention of the wooden foreign body. Days to years after an apparently trivial initial wounding, serious intracranial complications can occur. The authors have reviewed 42 case reports from the literature. morbidity-defined as permanent neurologic sequelae-occurred in 74% of the cases. Intracranial suppuration was the major complication, with brain abscess having occurred in nearly one-half of the cases. mortality occurred in 25% of 28 cases occurring in the post-antibiotic era. The qualities of wood which make it especially hazardous as a wounding agent and foreign body are discussed. The role of orbital anatomy in affording easy access to the cranial contents is described. Surgical exploration in all those cases in which there is a reasonable suspicion of intracranial injury is recommended.
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8/10. An autopsy case of suicide by hanging with multiple stab wounds of the neck and chest.

    We report, from the aspect of 'acting' capability, an autopsy case of suicide by hanging in which multiple deep stab wounds were observed in the neck and chest. A 49-year-old man was found dead in a state typical of hanging. His car was found about 100m away with a blood-stained climber's knife on the seat. Multiple incised and stab wounds were in the neck, with a lesion of the right inner jugular vein. Three penetrating stab wounds of the chest punctured the lungs, with pooling of about 500ml of blood in the left thorax and about 100ml in the right. Two other shallow stab wounds were in the chest. All the above wounds were explainable as self-inflicted. From the autopsy findings and the circumstantial evidence, it was concluded that he walked approximately 100m after stabbing his neck and chest and finally committed suicide by hanging.
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9/10. Pneumomediastinum following penetrating oral trauma.

    Pneumomediastinum can result from a puncture wound or laceration to the hypopharynx. This is a case report of an 18-month-old child who fell with a pen in his mouth. Initial physical examination was unremarkable, but the child developed neck swelling, fever, and irritability over the next 12 hours. Repeat examination revealed marked pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous emphysema. The pathophysiology and treatment of pneumomediastinum are reviewed.
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10/10. Sarcoid-like foreign body reaction in body piercing: a report of two cases.

    We report two cases of body piercing as a religious practice that subsequently led to the development of granulomatous nodules at previously punctured sites of the skin and oral mucosa. These lesions were diagnosed as sarcoid-like foreign body reaction after other possible causes including sarcoidosis, tuberculosis, tuberculoid leprosy, fungal infections, viral infections, and Crohn's disease were excluded.
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