Cases reported "Wounds and Injuries"

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1/71. The efficacy of integrating "smart simulated casualties" in hospital disaster drills.

    INTRODUCTION: Full-scale disaster drills are complex, expensive, and may involve hundreds or thousands of people. However, even when carefully planned, they often fail to manifest the details of medical care given to the casualties during the drill. OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of integrating physicians among the simulated casualties of a hospital disaster drill. methods: A total of 178 physicians graduating an Advanced Trauma life Support (ATLS) course participated in eight hospital disaster drills during 1994 as "Smart Victims." The participants were given cards with descriptions of their injury and detailed instructions on how to manipulate their medical condition according to the medical care provided in the hospital. They also were given coded questionnaires to fill out during the process of the drill. Conclusions were drawn from analysis of the questionnaires and from a roundtable discussion following each drill. RESULTS: The "smart casualties" made comments on the following topics: 1) triage (over-triage in 9%, and under-triage in 4%); 2) treatment sites; 3) medical equipment usage (i.e., shortage of ventilators and splinting devices); 4) medical knowledge and care rendered by the hospital staff; 5) evacuation and escorting of the wounded; 6) management of patients with post-traumatic stress disorder; and 7) medical documentation. Their comments contributed valuable information on the quality of medical care and organization, and identified obstacles that otherwise would have been overlooked. The "smart casualties" were very cooperative and indicated that their participation in the drill contributed to their understanding of disaster situations in hospitals. CONCLUSION: Integrating physicians among the simulated casualties in a hospital disaster drill may contribute to achieving the objectives of hospital disaster drills and add to disaster management education of the simulated casualty physicians.
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2/71. hypoglossal nerve injury as a complication of anterior surgery to the upper cervical spine.

    Injury to the hypoglossal nerve is a recognised complication after soft tissue surgery in the upper part of the anterior aspect of the neck, e.g. branchial cyst or carotid body tumour excision. However, this complication has been rarely reported following surgery of the upper cervical spine. We report the case of a 35-year-old woman with tuberculosis of C2-3. She underwent corpectomy and fusion from C2 to C5 using iliac crest bone graft, through a left anterior oblique incision. She developed hypoglossal nerve palsy in the immediate postoperative period, with dysphagia and dysarthria. It was thought to be due to traction neurapraxia with possible spontaneous recovery. At 18 months' follow-up, she had a solid fusion and tuberculosis was controlled. The hypoglossal palsy persisted, although with minimal functional disability. The only other reported case of hypoglossal lesion after anterior cervical spine surgery in the literature also failed to recover. It is concluded that hypoglossal nerve palsy following anterior cervical spine surgery is unlikely to recover spontaneously and it should be carefully identified.
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3/71. Treatment and stabilization of complex wounds involving the pelvic bone, groin, and femur with the inferiorly based rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flap and the use of power color Doppler imaging in preoperative evaluation.

    The authors present case reports demonstrating the trilevel utility of the inferiorly based rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flap in the closure of complex wounds involving the pelvis, groin, and femur that had failed previously or were not amenable to traditional closure techniques. The use of the rectus abdominis flap was especially advantageous for achieving infection eradication and large dead space closure. Additionally they present the emerging technique of power color Doppler imaging as a valuable tool in preoperative flap planning. This technique is particularly useful in evaluating the candidacy for rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flap placement of patients with a prior history of abdominal surgeries, trauma, infection, irradiation, or other conditions that might compromise the patency of the deep inferior epigastric vessels.
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ranking = 5
keywords = operative
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4/71. Operating theatre photography for personal injury cases.

    photography, including records taken in theatre, has an important role to play in the legal settlement of personal injury claims. photographs taken immediately prior to an operation in the anaesthetic room or during the operation provide valuable evidence for civil litigation. The type of operations at which personal injury photographs should be taken range from emergency surgery and minor operations to exploratory or reparative surgery. The value of pre-operative photography is demonstrated in two examples of orthopaedic surgery for personal injury claims.
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5/71. Retroperitoneal abscess and bacteremia due to mycoplasma hominis in a polytraumatized man.

    We report a case of a retroperitoneal abscess due to mycoplasma hominis in a young polytraumatized man who developed septicemia under treatment with rifampin and flucloxacillin. M. hominis was recovered from blood cultures as well as from the abscess near the left iliac spine. After 10 days of therapy with clindamycin the patient improved, and intraoperatively taken swabs were culture negative but still positive by PCR.
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6/71. Traumatic arteriovenous fistulas. A follow-up study.

    Over the period 1958 to 1972 14 patients with traumatic arteriovenous fistulas were treated. The mean period from trauma to surgical closure of the fistula was 13.3 years. No form of reconstructive vascular surgery had been performed initially. The dominating symptom of arteriovenous fistula was a pulsating tumor with a marked thrill. Excision of the fistula and reconstruction of the artery and vein was performed in 11 patients. In 3 patients the fistula was first ligated resulting in early recurrence of the shunt. At follow-up 3-15 years postoperatively all fistulas were closed, but 5 patients had moderate symptoms.
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keywords = operative
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7/71. Treatment of hostile midline back wounds: an extreme approach.

    The basic principles of successful wound closure remain the same: careful preoperative evaluation, removal of underlying nonviable tissue, and well-vascularized soft-tissue coverage. Many complex or "hostile" back wound closures also require stabilization of the spine and a two-layered wound closure. The use of long arteriovenous fistulas with free tissue transfer provides an additional weapon for the treatment of these complex wounds.
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keywords = operative
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8/71. Main pulmonary artery laceration after blunt trauma: accurate preoperative diagnosis.

    Blunt chest trauma is associated with a variety of lethal injuries, many of which are responsible for prehospital mortality. Major intrathoracic vascular injury accounts for a vast majority of these fatal injuries. patients surviving after main pulmonary artery injury are rare. We present the case of a patient who sustained a main pulmonary artery laceration as a result of a blunt motor vehicle crash. He was diagnosed accurately by computed tomography and underwent successful repair.
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ranking = 4
keywords = operative
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9/71. A case of fatal tumor embolus following trauma in a patient with undiagnosed Wilms' tumor.

    Involvement of the inferior vena cava with tumor thrombus has been reported in 5 to 10% of patients with Wilms' tumor. Preoperative imaging usually alerts the surgeon to the extent of the intravascular extension. We present a case report of trauma to a previously undiagnosed Wilms' tumor that resulted in a fatal intraoperative pulmonary tumor embolus.
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ranking = 2
keywords = operative
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10/71. Post-traumatic fibro-osseous lesion of the ribs and scapula (sclerosing xanthofibroma).

    Fibrous lesions of bone may be difficult to classify. Their etiology is controversial, most being considered to be developmental lesions rather than true neoplasms. We describe a patient with post-traumatic fibro-osseous lesion of the ribs, also known as sclerosing xanthofibroma; a lesion believed to be a reactive response to intramedullary hemorrhage following chest wall trauma. Clinically, the lesions in our patient were thought to be metastatic disease because of their multifocal appearance. An extensive clinical and laboratory metastatic evaluation with surgical resection of one of the lesions using intraoperative gamma probe was undertaken. In addition to the multiple rib involvement, our case also showed a lesion in the scapula. The pathologic and radiologic features of this entity are reviewed along with the summary of the differential diagnosis.
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