Cases reported "Zoonoses"

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1/6. mycobacterium bovis tuberculosis: from animal to man and back.

    Rare cases of tuberculosis due to mycobacterium bovis have been described in humans who have been exposed to cattle or other infected animals. We report a case of tuberculosis in cattle exposed to a patient infected with M. bovis, where the strain isolated in the cattle and the patient were identical. As the patient is reported to have been exposed and contaminated during childhood, this seems to be the first documented case of transmission of M. bovis from animal to man and back to animal.
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ranking = 1
keywords = bovis
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2/6. monkeypox: a review of the history and emergence in the Western hemisphere.

    A mysterious disease was reported on May 24, 2003, when the wisconsin Division of public health (DPH) received notice of a 3-year-old girl who had been hospitalized in central wisconsin with cellulites and fever after being bitten by a prairie dog on May 13. The laboratory isolated a gram-negative bacillus, raising concerns that it might be tularemia or plague; ultimately, it was identified as an acinetobacter species and was considered to be a contaminant. Because no other such cases were reported at the time, the case was thought to be merely an isolated event. However, within two weeks, on June 2, 2003, evidence of a much wider scenario began to emerge. On that date, the wisconsin DPH received notice from the Marshfield Laboratory that the mother of the first patient had become ill on May 26 and that electron-microscopic evidence of a poxvirus was found in a skin lesion. On that same day, another report, this time from the Milwaukee Health Department, of a strange illness was received at the DPH and described the case of a meat inspector who resided in southeastern wisconsin and also was a distributor of exotic animals. By July 30, 2003, 72 confirmed or suspected cases of monkeypox had been reported in wisconsin, illinois, and indiana and represented a large outbreak. The peak in the onset of illness occurred between May 29 and June 9, 2003, and no further cases of illness have been reported in humans since June 22, 2003. Traceback investigations from the child and other patients followed the route of introduction of monkeypox into wisconsin to a distributor in illinois, who had received a shipment of exotic animals imported into the united states through texas from ghana, West africa.
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ranking = 0.025607239988215
keywords = bacillus
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3/6. Dysgonic fermenter type 2 septicemia with purpura fulminans. Dermatologic features of a zoonosis acquired from household pets.

    Dysgonic fermenter type 2, a gram-negative bacillus that is part of the normal oral flora of dogs and cats, is responsible for increasing numbers of cases of fulminant septicemia in humans. patients usually have preexisting medical illnesses, but infection also occurs in otherwise healthy individuals. Most infections are acquired through animal contact. Dermatologic eruptions occur in half of the patients with dysgonic fermenter type 2 infection, and include petechiae, purpura, cellulitis, and gangrene.
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ranking = 0.025607239988215
keywords = bacillus
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4/6. pasteurella multocida infections. Report of 34 cases and review of the literature.

    pasteurella multocida, a small, gram-negative coccobacillus , is part of the normal oral flora of many animals, including the dog and cat. P. multocida is the etiologic agent in a variety of infectious disease syndromes. We have reported 34 cases of infection caused by P. multocida and have reviewed the English literature. P. multocida infections may be divided into three broad groups: 1. Infections resulting from animal bites and scratches : The most common infections caused by P. multocida are local wound infections following animal bites or scratches . cats are the source of infection in 60 to 80% of cases and dogs in the great majority of the remainder. Local infections are characterized by the rapid appearance of erythema, warmth, tenderness, and frequently purulent drainage. The most common local complications are abscess formation and tenosynovitis. Serious local complications include septic arthritis proximal to bites or scratches , osteomyelitis resulting from direct inoculation or extension of cellulitis, and the combination of septic arthritis and osteomyelitis, most commonly involving a finger or hand after a cat bite. 2. Isolation of P. multocida from the respiratory tract: The isolation of P. multocida from the respiratory tract must be interpreted differently than its isolation from other systemic sites. Most commonly P. multocida found in the respiratory tract is a commensal organism in patients with underlying pulmonary disease, but serious respiratory tract infections including pneumonia, empyema, and lung abscesses may develop. Most patients with respiratory tract colonization or infection have a history of animal exposure. 3. Other systemic infections: P. multocida is recognized as a pathogen in a variety of systemic infections including bacteremia, meningitis, brain abscess, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, and intra-abdominal abscess. P. multocida often acts as an opportunistic pathogen with a predilection for causing bacteremia in patients with liver dysfunction, septic arthritis in damaged joints, meningitis in the very young or elderly, and pulmonary colonization or invasion in patients with underlying respiratory tract abnormalities.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
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ranking = 0.025607239988215
keywords = bacillus
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5/6. Epizootic of mycobacterium bovis in a zoologic park.

    An epizootic of mycobacterium bovis in a zoologic park resulted in the death of 4 southern white rhinoceroses and 2 colobus monkeys. Zoo personnel were detected that had positive intradermal tuberculin skin test results after exposure to mycobacterial-infected animals. On the basis of dna fingerprinting, all 3 mycobacterial isolates (from 1 rhinoceros and 2 monkeys) were determined to be genetically similar and probably originated from the same source. The 3 animals (1 rhinoceros and 2 colobus monkeys) that had confirmed infections lived in separate, but adjacent, areas. Aerosolization of bacteria during routine cleaning was believed to have contributed to the unusual distance between infected animals. tuberculosis has reemerged as a major disease problem in human and veterinary medicine.
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ranking = 0.71428571428571
keywords = bovis
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6/6. actinobacillus equuli septicemia: an unusual zoonotic infection.

    We describe the isolation of actinobacillus equuli from the blood of a 53-year-old butcher with septicemia. This species of the genus Actinobacillus is primarily associated with animals and animal diseases, especially septicemia in foals. This is the first report of the isolation of A. equuli from a human with septicemia.
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ranking = 0.15364343992929
keywords = bacillus
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