Cases reported "abdominal abscess"

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1/233. Recurrent abdominal abscess secondary to a dropped laparoscopic clip: CT imaging.

    Since being introduced in 1987, laparoscopic cholecystectomy has quickly become the treatment of choice for symptomatic gallstone disease. Computed tomography is an excellent method to evaluate the laparoscopic patient in whom postoperative complication is suspected. ( info)

2/233. Retained fecalith after laparoscopic appendectomy.

    An intraabdominal abscess developed from a retained fecalith following laparoscopic appendectomy. We discuss the prevention and management of retained fecaliths in light of the numerous reports of retained gallstones. ( info)

3/233. Crohn's disease presenting as septic thrombophlebitis of the portal vein (pylephlebitis): case report and review of the literature.

    Septic thrombophlebitis of the portal vein, or pylephlebitis, is an extremely rare complication of intraabdominal infection, most commonly caused by diverticulitis (1). The following case report describes a patient without previous significant medical history presenting with painless jaundice and presumed malignancy. Workup revealed pylephlebitis due to an ileal abscess secondary to Crohn's disease. The patient was successfully treated with broad spectrum antibiotics and terminal small bowel and right colon resection. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of Crohn's disease diagnosed after presentation with pylephlebitis. ( info)

4/233. The abdominal compartment syndrome: a report of 3 cases including instance of endocrine induction.

    Three patients with the abdominal compartment syndrome are presented and discussed. In one of the patients the condition was induced in an endocrine fashion, since trauma was sustained exclusively by the middle third of the left leg. The development of the syndrome as a remote effect of local trauma has never been reported previously. In all three instances only insignificant amounts of intraperitoneal fluid was found and the increase in abdominal pressure was due to severe edema of the mesentery and retroperitoneum. Since the condition is highly lethal, early diagnosis is imperative, and this starts by carrying a high index of suspicion. Measurement of the intraperitoneal pressure easily confirms this diagnosis. It is emphasized that measurements at various sites, like bladder and stomach, in each patient is essential to confirm the diagnosis, since one of the sites may be rendered unreliable due to intraperitoneal processes impinging on the affected site and affecting its distensibility. ( info)

5/233. Conservative management of delayed suprapubic abscess after laparoscopic Burch colposuspension using nonabsorbable polypropylene mesh.

    To our knowledge, abscess formation after laparoscopic Burch colposuspension using permanent surgical mesh has not been previously reported. In our patient a suprapubic abscess was identified 4 weeks after the procedure in which polypropylene mesh was used. Conservative management involving drainage under computerized tomographic guidance and antibiotic therapy resulted in complete resolution without necessitating removal of the mesh. (J Am Assoc Gynecol Laparosc 6(2):225-228, 1999) ( info)

6/233. Intra-abdominal abscess due to patient non-compliance after construction of an ileal neobladder: case report and review of the literature.

    PURPOSE: A case report of patient with an intra-abdominal abscess 8 weeks after radical cystectomy and construction of an ileal neobladder is presented. methods/RESULTS: The patient was admitted with nausea, vomiting and singultus. A perforation of the neobladder due to overdistension was assumed to be the underlying cause of the intra-abdominal abscess formation as the patient admitted infrequent voiding during the day and no emptying of the neobladder at night. The patient underwent explorative laparotomy and 4200 mL of pus was removed from the abdominal cavity. The patient made an uneventful recovery and was discharged from hospital after 5 weeks. Neobladder function remained stable and the patient was leading a normal life at 24 months follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: The present case demonstrates the need for careful patient selection prior to radical cystectomy with continent urinary diversion. Reduced compliance and mental disabilities of a patient can increase the complication rate. ( info)

7/233. Pelvic abscess with fistula to the abdominal wall due to verrucous carcinoma.

    The case report of a 38-year-old woman with a pelvic abscess resulting from verrucous carcinoma of the uterine cervix is presented. This case is remarkable because the abscess formed a fistula through the anterior abdominal wall and because there was no visible lesion on the cervix. The patient underwent a total abdominal hysterectomy, left salpingectomy, fistulectomy, and removal of the abscess. Diagnosis was made on pathologic examination of the extirpated specimen. Genital tract verrucous carcinoma and genitocutaneous fistulae are reviewed. ( info)

8/233. Clones of lactobacillus casei and Torulopsis glabrata associated with recurrent abdominal wall abscess.

    Infectious disease caused by Lactobacillus sp has not been previously reported in taiwan. We present a case of recurrent abdominal wall abscess in a chronically ill 36-year-old woman, and review the literature on Lactobacillus infection. Five isolates of L. casei were recovered from blood and pus samples, and two isolates of Torulopsis glabrata were isolated from two blood specimens 3 months apart. Two clones of L. casei and T. glabrata were identified by means of antibiotyping with the E test and molecular methods. The abscess was surgically removed because of poor response to 7 months of antimicrobial therapy for the second infectious episode. Recurrent Lactobacillus infection can occur in chronically ill or immunosuppressed patients. Treatment of these infections may require a longer duration of antibiotic therapy, or surgical intervention. ( info)

9/233. Perforated duodenal diverticulum: report of two cases.

    Duodenal diverticula may be complicated by diverticulitis, perforation, hemorrhage, pancreatitis, or biliary obstruction. Two cases of perforated duodenal diverticulum are reported. Both patients were elderly females. Computed tomography of the abdomen showed retroperitoneal air around the duodenum in the first case, and an enterolith in a duodenal diverticulum and a retroperitoneal abscess in the second case. laparotomy and diverticulectomy with two-layer closure of the duodenum was performed in the first case. The second patient was treated conservatively with antibiotics, percutaneous abscess drainage, and endoscopic lithotomy. Both recovered well. Computed tomography is useful in the diagnosis of a perforated duodenal diverticulum. Although surgical intervention is the standard treatment, conservative therapy is also an option. Duodenal enteroliths are rare but may cause perforation of a diverticulum or biliary obstruction. The duodenal blind loop created by a Billroth II gastrectomy provides a static environment for the formation of enteroliths in duodenal diverticula. ( info)

10/233. appendix abscess: a surgical giant presenting as a geriatric giant.

    CASE REPORT: A women aged 102 years presented with falls and was found to have an atypical presentation of appendicitis. CONCLUSION: This illustrates the non-specific presentation of disease in old age and the importance of a careful medical assessment of people who have fallen. ( info)
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