Cases reported "Abnormalities, Multiple"

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1/9538. Possible intrachromosomal duplication in a case of trisomy 9p.

    A 5-year-old boy with multiple minor anomalies and mental retardation was found to have chromosomal condition of 46,XY,inv dup(9p) (pter leads to p13::p21 leads to p24::p13 leads to qter). The clinical features of the propositus fit well with those of trisomy 9p which have been established to be a clinical entity. ( info)

2/9538. trisomy 9 associated with an enlarged 9qh segment in a liveborn.

    This report describes the third case of a complete trisomy 9 in a liveborn infant. A tentative explanation for the origin of a "very large" h-segment which was not present in either parent of the proposita is put forward. ( info)

3/9538. Phenotypic variability in the chromosome 9 ring.

    The syndrome associated to the 9 ring is not commonly observed. The first remark was by Kistenmacher (1970) who examined a male. Later observation of other cases has allowed the syndrome to be described, so that it can be said to be characterized by constant signs, such as microcephaly, psychomotor retardation of varying entity and facial dysmorphism corresponding to that observed in 9 p monosomy. The variability of the phenotype has to be compared with the entity of the telomeric deletion, since the clinical outlook, especially the entity of retardation, could be less serious in case of small deletions. ( info)

4/9538. MRI of round ligament leiomyoma associated with Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome.

    We report the magnetic resonance appearance of a case of round ligament leiomyoma that presented as a rapid growing inguinal mass in a patient with Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome. ( info)

5/9538. patients with CHARGE association: a model to study saccular function in the human.

    The term CHARGE association refers to a combination of congenital malformations, the mnemonic CHARGE designating the most frequently occurring anomalies in the constellation. "C" indicates coloboma of the retina, "H" heart defects, "A" choanal atresia, "R" retarded growth and/or central nervous system anomalies, "G" genital hypoplasia, and "E" ear anomalies and/or deafness. The inner ear anomaly consists of a specific form of labyrinthine dysplasia that includes Mondini dysplasia of the pars inferior (cochlea and saccule) and complete absence of the pars superior (utricle and semicircular canals). We observed the development of a child with CHARGE association up to the age of 10 years. There was complete absence of nystagmic response to bithermal caloric and rotatory pendular stimuli. A nystagmic reaction was elicited by the off-vertical axis rotation test, indicating stimulation of the saccular macula, the sole remaining vestibular sense organ in this dysplasia. This reaffirms that the saccule is a vestibular organ, even though it is located in the pars inferior. In spite of the severe bilateral vestibular deficit and coloboma of the retina, the child was able to walk at the age of 2 years. The delay in the development of walking was not due to central nervous system anomalies, as suggested by the "R" of the acronym CHARGE, but rather, to the severe sensorineural visual and vestibular deficits. ( info)

6/9538. Epignathus, double pituitary and agenesis of corpus callosum.

    Two infants from unrelated families died on the 1st day of life with epignathus, duplication of the entire pituitary, infundibulum and sella, and widening or separation of midline structures of the head including absent corpus callosum. We suggest that some infants surviving surgery for large epignathi may have relatively symptomless absent corpus callosum or double pituitary. ( info)

7/9538. Congenital laryngotracheosophageal cleft.

    Two infants with complete laryngotracheoesophageal cleft are presented. One infant had hypoplasia of the left bronchus and lung and the other had a cystic dysplastic right kidney. The literature is reviewed and a scheme for managing infants with this severe and as yet lethal anomaly is presented. ( info)

8/9538. Diprosopus (partially duplicated head) associated with anencephaly: a case report.

    Craniofacial duplication (diprosopus) is a rare form of conjoined twin. A 16 year old mother with a twin pregnancy delivered one normally formed baby boy and one diprosopus male. The malformed baby was 33 weeks of gestation with a single trunk, normal limbs and various degrees of facial duplication. Of the following structures there were two of each: noses, eyes, ears (and one dimple), mouths, tongues and, with bilateral central cleft lips and cleft palates. This was associated with holoprosencephaly and craniorachischisis. Internal organs showed no duplication. There were multiple congenital anomalies including diaphragmatic hernia, small lungs, two lobes of the right lung, ventricular septal defect, small adrenal gland and small left kidney with short ureter. The body also had a short neck, small chest cavities and kyphosis. X-ray revealed duplication of the vertebral column. The case presented here represents a type II of diprosopia of Rating (1933) and is the least common type reported. We also reviewed 22 recently reported cases of diprosopus. In addition to facial duplication, anencephaly, neural tube defect and cardiac malformations represent the more common congenital abnormalities associated with diprosopus. The pathogenesis of diprosopus is not well understood. Factors that play a role in diprosopus are probably similar to those factors (genetic, environmental and abnormal placental circulation) which affect monozoygotic twins as observed in this case report. Early ultrasonography diagnosis of diprosopus permits one to consider a vaginal therapeutic abortion. ( info)

9/9538. Intrachromosomal triplication of 2q11.2-q21 in a severely malformed infant: case report and review of triplications and their possible mechanism.

    A female fetus with brain malformations, multicystic kidneys, absence of the right thumb, and a posterior cleft of palate was delivered at 32 weeks of gestation. Cytogenetic studies including FISH showed a novel intrachromosomal triplication of the proximal long arm of chromosome 2 (q11.2-q21), resulting in tetrasomy for this segment. The middle repeat was inverted. At least 11 patients with intrachromosomal triplications have been reported, mostly involving chromosome 15q. The mechanism involved in formation of these rearrangements is compatible with U-type exchange events among three chromatids. ( info)

10/9538. child with velocardiofacial syndrome and del (4)(q34.2): another critical region associated with a velocardiofacial syndrome-like phenotype.

    We report on a child with congenital heart disease (atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, pulmonic stenosis), submucosal cleft palate, hypernasal speech, learning difficulties, and right fifth finger anomaly manifestations, consistent with velocardiofacial syndrome (VCFS); however, cytogenetic analysis demonstrated a small terminal deletion of the segment 4q34.2 to 4qter. Fluorescent in situ hybridization did not identify a deletion of the critical region associated with VCFS. In previously reported 4q deletions with a breakpoint distal to 4q34.2, no cardiac defects or cleft of palate were reported. Our patient has a deletion of 4q34.2 to 4qter and has palate and cardiac involvement and minor learning difficulties, which implies that genes involved in heart and palate development lie distal to 4q34.2, and that the critical region for more severe mental retardation on 4q may reside proximal to 4q34.2. These results suggest that a distal 4q deletion can lead to a phenotype similar to VCFS and emphasizes the importance of searching for other karyotype abnormalities when a VCFS-like phenotype is present and a 22q deletion is not identified. ( info)
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