Cases reported "Adenoma, Pleomorphic"

Filter by keywords:

Retrieving documents. Please wait...

1/479. Cerebral radionecrosis following the treatment of parotid tumours: a case report and review of the literature.

    radiotherapy is an accepted part of the treatment of malignant tumours of the parotid gland. The use of radiotherapy in benign parotid tumours, where spillage of tumour cells has occurred at operation, is more controversial. radiotherapy to the parotid bed is not without morbidity. Complications may arise as a result of radiation damage to neighbouring structures and there is also potential to induce malignant disease. A patient, whose postoperative radiotherapy following resection of a pleomorphic salivary gland adenoma was complicated by cerebral necrosis, is discussed. The literature pertaining to morbidity of radiotherapy for parotid tumours is reviewed. ( info)

2/479. Fine-needle aspiration cytology of polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma of the tongue.

    The cytologic features derived from a fine-needle aspiration of polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma (PLGA) of the base of the tongue are described. The tumor cells were composed of cuboidal epithelial cells and short, spindle-shaped myoepithelial-like cells, and they formed large cell clusters. In the central portion of the clusters, myxoid materials were present, and palisading tumor cells occasionally surrounded them. Histological examination revealed solid proliferation of the epithelial cuboidal and spindle cells. The former frequently formed tubular and papillary structures. The tumor was not encapsulated, and invasion of adjacent muscle tissue was noted. Although the cytologic differentiation from cellular variants of pleomorphic adenoma and myoepithelioma is difficult, the feature of palisading tumor cells may be useful in the differential diagnosis. ( info)

3/479. A case of metastasizing pleomorphic adenoma.

    The pleomorphic adenoma is the most common benign salivary neoplasm. A case is presented in which a palatal pleomorphic adenoma seeded a metastasis in the medullary cavity of the anterior maxilla, apparently by hematogenous spread after surgical manipulation. ( info)

4/479. Unusual presentation of a salivary pleomorphic adenoma: a case report and review of the literature.

    Although pleomorphic adenomas are the most common neoplasms of salivary gland origin, our knowledge of the etiology, growth, and recurrence patterns, and significance of the varying histologic features of these tumors, remains limited. We present the case of a 66-year-old man with an unusual presentation of a pleomorphic adenoma, and review the important clinical and pathologic features of this entity. ( info)

5/479. Nonrecurrent laryngeal nerves: anatomic considerations during thyroid and parathyroid surgery.

    PURPOSE: In head and neck surgery, damage to the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) during thyroid surgery is the most common iatrogenic cause of vocal cord paralysis. Identification of the RLNs and meticulous surgical technique can significantly decrease the incidence of this complication. Nonrecurrent RLNs (NRRLNs) are exceedingly rare. Surgeons need to be aware of their position to avoid damage to them. MATERIALS AND methods: A retrospective review of 513 RLN exposures over a 7-year period was performed. RESULTS: Two NRRLNs were encountered, for an incidence of 0.39%. CONCLUSION: NRRLNs are rare. awareness of their existence will prevent the surgeon from accidentally severing one if it is encountered during routine thyroid or parathyroid surgery. ( info)

6/479. Postparotidectomy fistula: a different treatment for an old problem.

    There is little consensus on the optimal management of postparotidectomy salivary fistulas. Timely treatment is important since fistulas may result in wound dehiscence and infection. Management options include pressure dressings, total parotidectomy, tympanic neurectomy, graft interpositioning, surgical closure of the tract, radiation therapy, and pharmacotherapy. Unfortunately, many therapies require weeks to months for resolution and possess additional risks. The affected patient often suffers social embarrassment from the drainage. Through our work with neurologically impaired children with sialorrhea, we have had success with using glycopyrrolate, an anticholinergic frequently used to decrease salivary secretions. We present a case of a patient with a postparotidectomy fistula which was successfully treated with glycopyrrolate and pressure dressings. The rationale and potential use of glycopyrrolate for the treatment of a salivary fistula are the focus of this presentation. ( info)

7/479. Management of a large pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland.

    The surgical management of an extensive pleomorphic adenoma arising within deep lobe of the parotid gland is presented. ( info)

8/479. Lipomatous pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland. classification of lipomatous tissue in salivary glands.

    Lipomatous pleomorphic adenoma is an unusual subtype with a lipomatous stromal component of more than 90% of the tumour tissue. This special type of pleomorphic adenoma must be distinguished from other types of lipomatous tumours or non-tumourous lipomatosis of the salivary glands. Until now only two cases of lipomatous pleomorphic adenoma have been reported in the literature. We report of a 36-year old woman who developed a well circumscribed nodule measuring 3.5 x 2.5 x 2 cm in the right parotid gland. The cut surface was grey-yellowish. Histologically, more than 90% of the tumour tissue was fatty tissue with univacuolar adipocytes. The pleomorphic epithelial elements were duct-like cells forming small lumina and spindle-shaped myoepithelial cell with surrounding mucoid stroma. Components of pleomorphic adenoma were intermingled with mature adipose tissue which was more concentrated in the central portion of the adenoma. Some compressed epithelial cords in the adipose tissue formed a septa-like pattern. The differential diagnosis to other lipomatous tumours (lipoadenoma, lipoma) and to non-tumourous interstitial lipomatosis as well as the possible pathogenesis as metaplastic change or epithelial-mesenchymal transdifferentiation are discussed. ( info)

9/479. Intravenous pyogenic granuloma mimicking pleomorphic adenoma in a fine needle aspirate. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: Intravenous pyogenic granuloma (IvPG) is a rare, benign lesion occurring usually as a subcutaneous mass in the neck or upper extremity. The cytologic features of IvPG have not been described before. CASE: A patient presented with a subcutaneous nodule on the lower border of the left parotid area. The clinical diagnosis was bronchial cleft cyst or lymphadenitis, and the fine needle aspiration diagnosis was pleomorphic adenoma. The tissue section, however, disclosed IvPG. CONCLUSION: Evaluation of subcutaneous nodules presenting cytologically as spindle cell lesions may be problematic, particularly in the neck and head region. Such lesions occurring in the parotid area may be interpreted as pleomorphic adenoma of the salivary gland. ( info)

10/479. Primary pleomorphic adenoma of the external auditory canal diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: Pleomorphic adenoma (PA) arising in the external auditory canal (EAC) is a very rare neoplasm, thought to be derived from ceruminous glands. CASE: A 43-year-old male presented with a slowly growing mass in the right EAC. Clinical and radiologic examinations showed a well-circumscribed tumor limited to the EAC, without a connection to the parotid gland. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) revealed the typical cytologic findings of PA. The diagnosis was confirmed by histologic examination. CONCLUSION: This case illustrates that together with clinical and radiologic findings, primary PA of the EAC can confidently be diagnosed by FNAC. ( info)
| Next ->

Leave a message about 'adenoma, pleomorphic'

We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.