Cases reported "adenoma"

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1/3942. Pituitary macroadenoma manifesting as an isolated fourth nerve palsy.

    PURPOSE: To describe an unusual ophthalmic manifestation of a pituitary adenoma. methods: Case report. RESULTS: A 32-year-old man had left supraorbital and frontal headaches and new-onset vertical diplopia. Examination showed a left fourth nerve palsy and increased vertical fusional amplitudes. magnetic resonance imaging disclosed a sellar mass consistent with a pituitary macroadenoma. CONCLUSION: A pituitary adenoma may rarely manifest with an isolated fourth nerve palsy. ( info)

2/3942. Coexistance of tubal ectopic pregnancy and adenomatoid tumor.

    The first case is presented of coexistance of an ectopic pregnancy and an adenomatoid tumor in the same fallopian tube. The ectopic pregnancy was diagnosed clinically, but the tumor was only detected microscopically as a result of extensive sampling of the salpingectomy specimen. ( info)

3/3942. Tumor-related osteomalacia followed after treatment by hyperparathyroidism.

    Tumor-induced osteomalacia is due to renal phosphate wasting in response to a humoral factor produced by a tumor, usually a benign mesenchymal tumor. Removal of the tumor is followed by resolution of the metabolic disorder. physicians should be aware that sporadic renal phosphate wasting in an adult should prompt a search for a tumor. A case of tumor-induced osteomalacia due to a nonossifying fibroma of the radius is reported. After removal of the tumor, renal phosphate excretion returned to normal, but the patient developed tertiary hyperparathyroidism. Eight years elapsed between symptom onset and the diagnosis of the tumor. The pathogenesis of tumor-induced osteomalacia and the role of treatment for renal phosphate wasting on the subsequent development of hyperthyroidism are discussed. ( info)

4/3942. Interesting radiologic findings in suprasellar mass lesions. Report of three cases.

    The authors report three quite rare lesions of the sellar/parasellar region. They are namely; pituitary abscess, cystic macroadenoma and osteochondroma. In none of the cases, the preoperative diagnostic priority was not same as the final histopathologic diagnosis. The radiologic findings of these pathologies are discussed with emphasis on differential diagnosis. ( info)

5/3942. A huge pancreatic cystic adenoma misdiagnosed as an ovarian cyst.

    pancreatic cyst mimicking an ovarian cyst ultrasonographically has not yet been reported. We report an elderly woman with such a huge pancreatic cyst whose initial presentation was low abdominal pain. Ultrasound showed a hypoechoic cyst measuring 13.6 x 13.2 x 11.8 cm occupying pelvic cavity. She received laparotomy under the impression of ovarian cyst. Interestingly, the cyst was found to have originated from the pancreas. Total cyst excision was performed and pathologic report was pancreatic microadenoma. The patient's postoperative course was unremarkable. ( info)

6/3942. vitamin e deficiency ataxia associated with adenoma.

    Vitamin E is one of the most important lipid-soluble antioxidant nutrient. Severe vitamin e deficiency (VED) can have a profound effect on the central nervous system. VED causes ataxia and peripheral neuropathy that resembles Friedreich's ataxia. We report here a patient presenting this syndrome, but also a prolactin and FSH adenoma. Both the neurological syndromes and the adenoma regressed after treatment with alpha-tocopherol. Although, the presence of the prolactinoma in this patient may not be related to his vitamin e deficiency, alpha-tocopherol treatment seems to be beneficial and might usefully be tested in patients with hypophyseal secreting other forms of adenoma. ( info)

7/3942. The elevated serum alkaline phosphatase--the chase that led to two endocrinopathies and one possible unifying diagnosis.

    A 39-year-old Chinese man with hypertension being evaluated for elevated serum alkaline phosphatase (SAP) levels was found to have an incidental right adrenal mass. The radiological features were characteristic of a large adrenal myelolipoma. This mass was resected and the diagnosis confirmed pathologically. His blood pressure normalised after removal of the myelolipoma, suggesting that the frequently observed association between myelolipomas and hypertension may not be entirely coincidental. Persistent elevation of the SAP levels and the discovery of hypercalcaemia after surgery led to further investigations which confirmed primary hyperparathyroidism due to a parathyroid adenoma. The patient's serum biochemistry normalised after removal of the adenoma. The association of adrenal myelolipoma with primary hyperparathyroidism has been reported in the literature only once previously. Although unconfirmed by genetic studies this association may possibly represent an unusual variation of the multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 syndrome. ( info)

8/3942. Lessons to be learned: a case study approach. Primary hyperparathyroidism simulating an acute severe polyneuritis.

    The case is presented of a 65 year old lady with recent onset of neuromuscular manifestations, comprising paraparesis, areflexia and unsteady gait, along with episodes of slurring of speech and diplopia, later confirmed to be due to severe hypercalcaemia--which itself was caused by primary hyperparathyroidism. Restoration of normocalcaemia, by means of rehydration and bisphosphonate therapy, resulted in clinical improvement--whilst subsequent parathyroidectomy was followed by complete resolution of all symptoms. In order to make prompt differentiation between the neurological sequelae of hyperparathyroidism and a primary neurological disorder, a high index of suspicion is required. An urgent serum calcium assay, as part of a bone profile, is mandatory in patients who present with neurological symptoms--especially the elderly, amongst whom hyperparathyroidism is especially common. ( info)

9/3942. Sudden recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis due to apoplexy of parathyroid adenoma.

    Neoplastic lesions of the parathyroid are rare, and most of these are adenomas. Even rarer is a secondary involvement of the recurrent laryngeal nerve. A case is presented of sudden onset hoarseness in a 64-year-old man caused by acute vocal cord paralysis due to bleeding within an adenoma of the lower right parathyroid gland. Acute onset of vocal cord paralysis is rarely associated with benign processes; the current case is only the second report associated with parathyroid adenoma. ( info)

10/3942. acromegaly in a family without a mutation in the menin gene.

    Familial pituitary tumors are rare. Only 45 cases in 20 families with acromegaly have been reported. A third of the cases (30%) is related to multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (men 1). We report two cases of acromegaly in one family with pituitary macroadenomas. A 46-year-old woman with elevated serum growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1) and a failure to supress GH in the glucose tolerance test underwent transsphenoidal surgery 4 years ago. Three years later her 24-year-old son also presented with typical signs of acromegaly. A pituitary macroadenoma was identified by MRT and he also underwent transsphenoidal surgery. There were no symptoms of McCune-Albright syndrome or other forms of endocrine hyperfunction in the two patients. In an attempt to identify the molecular etiology of the tumours dna was extracted from paraffin fixed tissue from both patients. Exon 7 to 13 of the Gsp-protein and exons 1 to 10 of the menin gene were amplified by PCR. Although Gsp mutations have been identified in 40% of somatotroph tumors, direct sequencing of the PCR products showed no mutations in exons 7 to 13 of Gs alpha. Moreover no mutations were found in exons 1 to 10 of the menin gene. Therefore, molecular causes other than Gsp or menin gene mutations have to be considered as the molecular etiology of acromegaly in this family. ( info)
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