Cases reported "adenomatous polyps"

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1/57. Colonic adenomas with extramedullary myeloid tumor (granulocytic sarcoma).

    Extramedullary myeloid tumor (EMT) is an accumulation of malignant immature cells of the granulocytic series that is usually green in appearance due to the presence of myeloperoxidase. These invasive and destructive tumors occur most commonly in the skull and surrounding tissues, lymph nodes, skin and soft tissues. Regardless of the site, EMTs are difficult to recognize and may be easily overlooked or diagnosed as malignant lymphoma. EMTs may precede the diagnosis of a chronic myeloproliferative disorder or acute myeloid leukemia, may present coincident with the hematologic diagnosis, or may herald a relapse after therapy. An accurate diagnosis of EMT is of great clinical importance in the ongoing management of hematologic malignancies. We report here two unusual cases of EMT of the colon, which infiltrated adenomatous polyps. We conclude that increased cellularity within the lamina propria of polyps and mucosal surfaces in general should be carefully examined. ( info)

2/57. High grade, synchronous colon cancers after renal transplantation: were immunosuppressive drugs to blame?

    Recipients of renal transplants are known to have an increased incidence of cancer, which is believed to be related to the use of immunosuppressive drugs used to prevent rejection. Although the risks of lymphoma and Kaposi's sarcoma are clearly increased in this setting, the association with colon cancer is controversial. We report a 44-yr-old woman, 20 yr post-renal transplant, and with no family history of colorectal cancer or polyps, who was found to have synchronous, poorly differentiated colon cancers associated with extensive abdominal lymph node, bone marrow, and bone (skull) metastasis. The long term immunosuppressive drugs that she had received may have been an important factor in her tumor development and/or progression. Our case and literature review suggest a possible mild, increased risk of colon cancer development in patients after renal transplantation. ( info)

3/57. Cytology of polypoid adenomyomas: a report of two cases.

    Uterine polypoid adenomyomas, both typical and atypical variants, often arise in the lower uterine segment or endocervical canal as pedunculated polypoid masses that may be accessible for cytologic sampling. However, their cytologic findings have rarely been described in the literature. Two women in their reproductive age presented with abnormal vaginal bleeding. The cervicovaginal smear of the first patient contained sheets and strips of reactive endocervical cells in an inflammatory background. In addition, loose aggregates of spindle-shaped smooth muscle cells were also noted. The findings were consistent with those of a typical polypoid adenomyoma. The cervicovaginal smears of the second patient consisted of tightly packed, crowded clusters of glandular cells which were initially interpreted as atypical glandular cells, suspicious of adenocarcinoma. In retrospect, loose aggregates of smooth muscle stromal cells were noted. Subsequent curettage revealed an atypical polypoid adenomyoma. The cytologic findings of typical polypoid adenomyoma were nonspecific except for the presence of loose aggregates of smooth muscle cells. The cytologic features of an atypical polypoid adenomyoma may mimic that of a neoplastic glandular process. The findings of tightly packed clusters of glandular cells and loose aggregate of bland-appearing smooth muscle cells in premenopausal patients may suggest the diagnosis of atypical polypoid adenomyoma. Diagn. Cytopathol. 2000;22:176-180. ( info)

4/57. Urinary cytologic findings in patients with benign and malignant adenomatous polyps of the prostatic urethra.

    CONTEXT: Urethral adenomatous polyps with prostatic epithelium (also known as benign prostatic epithelial polyps [BPEPs]) are a documented cause of hematuria, dysuria, and hematospermia, conditions that may prompt cytologic evaluation of urine. DESIGN: The urine cytologic test findings in 5 cases of biopsy-proven BPEPs and in 1 case of prostatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) that presented as a urethral polyp were retrospectively evaluated. Immunocytochemical stain for prostate-specific antigen (PSA), prostatic acid phosphatase (PAP), and high-molecular-weight cytokeratin (34betaE12) were used in evaluation of the lesions. RESULTS: In 4 of 5 cases of BPEPs, clusters of bland columnar cells with uniform, oval nuclei were seen. Positive immunostaining for PSA and PAP confirmed the prostatic origin of the clusters in 2 cases. One urine sample contained abundant goblet cells and extracellular mucin, consistent with intestinal metaplasia coexisting in the bladder biopsy specimen. The urine sample in the fifth case of BPEPs contained no columnar cells. The last case had multiple urine cytologic evaluations that demonstrated PSA-positive, malignant-appearing clusters of columnar cells. A biopsy specimen of the polyps was described as a high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasm in adenomatous polyp. However, in this patient, PDA was diagnosed on transurethral resection of the prostate specimen 4 years after the initial urine cytologic test. CONCLUSION: Benign prostatic epithelial polyps should be considered in the differential diagnosis of clusters of columnar cells in urine cytologic testing. Cells with malignant nuclear features should instigate a careful search for a (prostatic) neoplasm, which may present as urethral polyps (e.g., PDA). Stains for PSA or PAP are useful adjuncts in differential diagnosis of this condition. ( info)

5/57. Colorectal carcinomas arising in the hyperplastic polyposis syndrome progress through the chromosomal instability pathway.

    The hyperplastic polyposis syndrome is characterized by the presence within the colon of multiple large hyperplastic polyps. We describe a case of hyperplastic polyposis syndrome associated with two synchronous carcinomas, one of which arises within a pre-existing hyperplastic lesion. comparative genomic hybridization was used to determine genetic changes in both carcinomas and several associated hyperplastic lesions. Microsatellite analysis at five loci was performed on carcinomas and representative hyperplastic polyps, and p53 status was analyzed by immunohistochemistry. Both carcinomas showed multiple genetic aberrations, including high level gains of 8q and 13q, and loss of 5q. These changes were not seen in the hyperplastic polyps. microsatellite instability was not seen in the carcinomas, four separate hyperplastic polyps, the hyperplastic polyp with mild adenomatous change associated with the carcinoma, or a separate serrated adenoma. allelic imbalance in the cancers at D5S346 and D17S938 suggested allelic loss of both p53 and APC, as well as at the loci D13S263, D13S174, D13S159, and D18S49. An early invasive carcinoma in one hyperplastic polyp stained for p53 protein, but the associated hyperplastic polyp was negative. In this case, neoplastic progression followed the typical genetic pathway of common colorectal carcinoma and occurred synchronously with mutation of p53. ( info)

6/57. Intestinal intussusception in adults, treat it like a cancer.

    intussusception in adult is a rare condition. Pathologic process is identifiable in 90% of cases. Emergency clinical diagnosis is generally difficult and CT scan typical features are of use. Surgery is always necessary to treat bowel necrosis and to perform pathologic examination. diagnosis of cancer must be in mind and lymphadenectomy must be done. We present two recent cases of intussusception in adults due to adenomatosis polyposis and Meckel's diverticulum. ( info)

7/57. Two cases of colonic adenomatous polyps accompanied by a migrated surgical suture.

    A 56-year-old man and a 70-year-old woman, with histories of left colectomy and appendectomy respectively, were admitted to our hospital. In both cases, colonoscopy showed a pedunculated colonic polyp in the ascending colon, and a silk suture became visible in the stalk during polypectomy. The histological diagnosis was adenoma. These two cases constitute the first report of colonic adenomatous polyps accompanied by suture migration. ( info)

8/57. Isolated adenomatous polyposis of the appendix: report of a case.

    This case study describes a 61-year-old patient who had previously undergone sigmoid polypectomy. A follow-up colonoscopy revealed a polyp prolapsing into the colonic lumen through the base of the appendix. A laparoscopic-assisted appendectomy was performed, in which the cecum was exteriorized through the trocar hole so that a wide excision of the base could be performed. Fifty-eight polyps were observed in the appendix, but the base was free of polyps. Histologic studies reveal well-differentiated villous adenomatous polyposes. The patient was symptom free four years after surgery. ( info)

9/57. Adenomatous hyperplastic polyp of the gall bladder associated with cholelithiasis in a child.

    Polyps of the gall bladder are uncommon conditions in children. We present a case report of a 14-year-old girl who had calculous cholecystitis and an adenomatous hyperplastic polyp of the gall bladder. She was treated by laparoscopic cholecystectomy. ( info)

10/57. Infectious endocarditis from streptococcus bovis associated with colonic carcinoma: case report and literature review.

    BACKGROUND: Many studies in the literature have warned of the need for investigation of colonic lesions among patients, especially elderly ones, who have bacteremia and/or endocarditis from streptococcus bovis. bacteremia and infectious endocarditis from streptococcus bovis may be related to the presence of neoplastic lesions in the large intestine and hepatic disease. AIM: This report describes a patient who presented infectious endocarditis from streptococcus bovis associated with colonic carcinoma and tubular-villous adenomas. CONCLUSIONS: The finding of this bacterium among patients with septicemia and/or endocarditis is also related to the presence of villous or tubular-villous adenomas in the large intestine. For this reason, complete and detailed investigation of the large intestine must be performed in patients with infectious endocarditis, even in the absence of intestinal symptoms. An increased incidence of this condition or hepatic dysfunction has been reported among patients with infectious endocarditis from streptococcus bovis. patients with infectious endocarditis from streptococcus bovis and normal colonoscopy may be included in the group at risk for developing colonic cancer. The knowledge that there is an association between endocarditis from streptococcus bovis and carcinoma of the colon has important clinical implications. If the lesion can be discovered at an early stage, curative resection may become possible. ( info)
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