Cases reported "adenomyoma"

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1/75. Completely laparoscopic resection of a rare pyloric tumor with laparoscopically sutured gastroduodenostomy.

    We report the case of a 31-year-old woman who presented with epigastric pain and weight loss. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed a submucosal mass in the distal antrum and pylorus. Endoscopic biopsy of the mass was nondiagnostic. A CT scan confirmed a 3.0-cm mass in the posterior wall of the distal antrum. She underwent laparoscopic resection of the distal antrum and pylorus with end-to-end gastroduodenostomy. Pathologic examination showed an adenomyoma of the antrum and pylorus. Her postoperative course was uncomplicated, and she continues to do well 38 months postoperatively. Gastric adenomyoma is a rare, benign intramural tumor of the antrum and pylorus. Fewer than 40 cases have been described in the literature. The lesions are generally within 4 cm of the pylorus. Histologically, they are characterized by ductal structures lined by cuboidal to columnar epithelium surrounded by smooth muscle bundles and, occasionally, Brunner's-type glands and heterotopic pancreas. Treatment is by resection, and recurrence has not been reported. Laparoscopic resection of portions of the stomach has been reported. Side-to-side gastrojejunostomies (Billroth II) performed laparoscopically have been reported. This is the first report in the English-language literature of a completely laparoscopically performed sutured gastroduodenostomy. Technical details of the procedure and adenomyomas are discussed. ( info)

2/75. Adenomyomatous hyperplasia of the papilla of Vater: A sequela of chronic papillitis?

    A case of adenomyomatous hyperplasia of the papilla of Vater is described. The lesion presented as a small polypoid tumor projecting into the duodenal lumen, causing obstruction and dilatation of the common bile duct. Serial cross-section of the ampulla showed diffuse thickening of the muscular layer corresponding to Oddi's sphincter, with resulting narrowing of the lumen. Many ductal or glandular components were dispersed within the mucosa and the muscular layer and were admixed with lymphocytes, a few lymphoid aggregates, and fibrosis. Based both on the absence of cellular atypia and the presence of inflammation, fibrosis, and preservation of the normal architecture of the ampulla, we favor the interpretation that this hyperplastic lesion represents a sequela of chronic papillitis. The different diagnoses for this lesion are presented along with a review of the literature. ( info)

3/75. adenomyoma of the common bile duct.

    An unusual case of adenomyoma of the common bile duct is reported. A 31 year-old woman with intermittent epigastralgia was found to have cholestasis and stenosis of the common bile duct. A malignant tumor could not be excluded. Resection of the common bile duct with the tumor was performed with choledochojejunostomy reconstruction. The tumor consisted of glandular hyperplasia and proliferation of smooth muscle fibers and fibrous connective tissue. The patient was well at the 30-month follow-up. Although the benign tumors of the extrahepatic bile ducts are rare, the clinical importance lies in the recognition that they can cause biliary tract obstruction. Intra-operative frozen section for histologic examination is required to make the diagnosis and plan the surgical procedure. Complete extirpation of the lesion is recommended. A radical operation is not necessary. ( info)

4/75. Exfoliative cytology of atypical polypoid adenomyoma. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: An atypical polypoid adenomyoma (APA) is a well-defined entity. It occurs in the endometrium, lower uterine segment and endocervix. It is usually composed of atypical complex glands with squamous metaplasia admixed with myofibromatous stroma. CASE: A 35-year-old female presented with one-year history of irregular menstrual periods. A diagnosis of adenocarcinoma in situ was rendered on her cervicovaginal smear. Pelvic examination revealed an enlarged uterus due to a leiomyoma. Colposcopic examination revealed a 0.6-cm, sessile, polypoid mass at the junction of the endocervix and ectocervix. A cone biopsy of the lesion showed irregular, endometrial-type glands embedded in a prominent myofibromatous stroma. The atypical glandular component of the mass demonstrated varying degrees of architectural complexity, ranging from simple to complex hyperplasia. In tissue sections the lesion was diagnosed as APA of the cervix. The patient underwent a hysterectomy for the leiomyoma. The hysterectomy specimen showed an 8.5-cm leiomyoma. The cervix and uterine corpus revealed no residual APA. CONCLUSION: APA of the cervix should be considered among the differential diagnoses of atypical glandular cells of undetermined significance. The diagnosis of APA cannot be made on cytology; the final diagnosis requires histologic confirmation. ( info)

5/75. Uterine adenomyoma of endocervical type.

    A uterine adenomyoma of endocervical type was presented histopathologically in a 44-year-old woman. She had a mural tumor of the uterine endocervix, which showed a well-circumscribed margin and multiple cysts filled with mucin. Histologically, the tumor was composed of a proliferation of endocervical glands and smooth muscle. The glandular epithelial components were cystic and occasionally papillary, but neither component showed cytological atypia. A differential diagnosis of the uterine endocervical tumor should include adenomyoma of endocervical type. ( info)

6/75. adenomyoma of the common bile duct: report of a case.

    We report a case of adenomyoma in the common bile duct accompanied by obstructive jaundice. A 64-year-old woman presented with abdominal pain, fever, appetite loss and jaundice. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography revealed possible stenosis in the distal common bile duct. We could not distinguish whether the tumor was benign or malignant based on the clinical presentation, or biochemical, radiographic, or endoscopic investigations. Pancreatoduodenectomy was performed. The histological diagnosis was adenomyoma. The natural history of and optimal treatment for, adenomyoma have not been established. ( info)

7/75. uterus-like mass of the small bowel mesentery.

    A case of a uterus-like mass arising from the mesentery is reported. A mass measuring 14x11 cm was noted in the small bowel mesentery of a 59-year-old woman. Histologically, the lesion consisted of endometrial-type and fallopian tube-type mucosa surrounded by thick bundles of smooth muscle cells. Since the first report by Cozzutto in 1981, 10 cases of uterus-like mass, that included seven ovarian and three extraovarian cases, have been reported. To our knowledge, the present lesion was the first case originating from the mesenteric region. Three hypotheses of this rare lesion: (i) congenital anomaly; (ii) metaplasia; and (iii) heterotopia theories are reviewed. ( info)

8/75. Multilocular cystic adenomyoma of the pelvic cavity: A rare clinical and histological entity in a young man.

    We report a large complex cystic pelvic mass encountered in a 16-year-old man complaining of perineal discomfort. A large and elastic hard mass was palpated on the right anterior wall of the rectum with no discernible prostate on digital rectal examination. Prostatic tumor markers were elevated. Excretory urography and urethrocystography showed a filling defect with a smooth edge on the right side of the bladder. magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a mass with a mosaic pattern between the right side of the bladder and the rectum. We performed ultrasound-guided transrectal needle core biopsy of the mass. The pathologist suspected hyperplastic glandular epithelium of prostatic origin with focal inflammatory cell infiltration, but there was no sign of malignancy. We thought that the tumor arose from the prostate. Surgery was successfully performed. The tumor was located on the right side of the pelvic cavity and adhered to the right lobe of the seminal vesicle. En bloc excision was performed. This lesion histologically proved to be a multilocular prostatic tissue with a seminal vesicle component, without communication to the surrounding tissue. Such a lesion has not previously been reported in the literature. ( info)

9/75. Simultaneous appearance of an adenomyoma and pancreatic heterotopia of the stomach.

    Adenomyomas of the stomach are rare tumours characterised by duct/gland-like structures embedded within a smooth muscle stroma. Although the histogenesis of adenomyomas remains unclear, the histological appearance has justified the assumption that these are abortive forms of pancreatic heterotopia. We report an unusual case with simultaneous and independent appearance of both adenomyoma and pancreatic heterotopia of the stomach including immunohistochemical characterisation, supporting the concept of a common histiogenetic origin of both lesions. ( info)

10/75. Malignant transformation of an adenomyoma of the cardia and malignant Hodgkin gastric lymphoma. An unusual coexistence.

    An unusual coexistence of a malignant Hodgkin gastric lymphoma of the gastric antrum with a gastric adenocarcinoma within an adenomyoma of the cardia is reported. This is a previously undescribed occurrence. ( info)
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