Cases reported "alpha-Mannosidosis"

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1/33. Neurological impairment in alpha-mannosidosis: a longitudinal clinical and MRI study of a brother and sister.

    Neurological development over a period of 25 years and MRI findings are reported in two members of the same family affected by mannosidosis type II. Progressive axial and appendicular cerebellar syndrome, moderate hearing loss and deterioration of gait were present in both patients. Neuropsychological deficiency was severe, but progression over the years was not observed except in the woman's speech capacity. Neither of the patients showed clinical improvement. A progressive corticosubcortical atrophy stands out in the brain neuroimaging studies, especially at the vermian cerebellar level. The osseous cranial deformities are very characteristic and include brachycephaly, thickening of the calvaria at the expense of the diploe, and poor pneumatization of the sphenoid. Neither of our cases showed an empty sella turcica.
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keywords = mannosidosis, deficiency
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2/33. Mannosidosis: an unusual cause of a deforming arthropathy.

    We report on a case of a deforming arthropathy in a young man with a lysosomal storage disorder. A 31-year-old man with a known diagnosis of mannosidosis presented with a painful swollen right elbow. Radiographs of his right elbow showed a disorganised joint with multiple fragments resembling the appearances of a neuropathic joint. This case provides further evidence that a deforming arthropathy may occur as part of the spectrum of skeletal abnormalities seen in mannosidosis.
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ranking = 0.39999991696289
keywords = mannosidosis
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3/33. MRI of mannosidosis.

    MR findings in three patients with mannosidosis are reported. They all had diploic space widening with underdevelopment of the sinuses, prominent periventricular Virchow-Robin spaces and perioptic CSF spaces. Two had tight foramen magnum, one of which was associated with a cervical syrinx and markedly widened perioptic CSF spaces with papilledema.
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ranking = 0.99999979240724
keywords = mannosidosis
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4/33. alpha-mannosidosis and mutational analysis in a Turkish patient.

    We present a case of alpha-mannosidosis with its mutational analysis. She was referred to our hospital with the provisional diagnosis of mucolipidosis. She was the first child of second-degree relative parents. She had a coarse face with flat and wide nasal bridge, hepatosplenomegaly, umbilical hernia, lumbar gibbus, motor and mental retardation and deafness. On peripheral blood smear, lymphocytes revealed vacuoles and neutrophils contained some granules resembling Reilly bodies seen in mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS). Based on these findings, the diagnosis of alpha-mannosidosis was suspected. Her urine oligosaccharide chromatography showed an abnormal pattern with a heavy trisaccharide band. Enzyme studies on white cells confirmed a deficiency of alpha-mannosidase activity, which was 2.6 micromol/g/hr. Her dna analysis showed a S453Y mutation.
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ranking = 1.1999999584814
keywords = mannosidosis, deficiency
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5/33. hearing loss due to mannosidosis and otitis media with effusion. A case report and review of audiological assessments in children with otitis media with effusion.

    A case of a child with mannosidosis and bilateral otitis media with effusion (OME) is reported here along with some discussion of relevant literature to emphasize the need for age appropriate audiometric assessment before and after insertion of grommets for glue ear (OME). There is a need for multidisciplinary teamwork in the management of children with hearing loss. If OME is treated surgically, age-appropriate hearing assessment is required before and after insertion of grommets. The need for audiological assessments will be relevant even if children had passed the newborn hearing screening test.
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ranking = 0.99999979240724
keywords = mannosidosis
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6/33. Morphological and biochemical studies of human beta-mannosidosis: identification of a novel beta-mannosidase gene mutation.

    BACKGROUND: There are seven well-known lysosomal storage diseases that produce angiokeratoma corporis diffusum clinically. beta-mannosidosis (MANB1; OMIM248510), first reported in humans in 1986, is a rare hereditary lysosomal storage disease caused by a deficiency of the enzyme beta-mannosidase. Since then, 13 cases of beta-mannosidase deficiency in ten families have been described. A human beta-mannosidase mutation has been reported only by Alkhayat et al. in 1998. OBJECTIVES: To clarify its pathogenesis we did electron microscopic, biochemical and molecular biological investigations of a Japanese patient with beta-mannosidosis. methods: Ultrastructural analyses, enzyme assays, cell culture and mRNA and genomic dna were sequenced to find mutations in the beta-mannosidase gene. RESULTS: Electron microscopy of skin biopsy specimens from the patient showed cytoplasmic vacuolation of lysosomes in blood and lymph vessels, endothelial cells, fibroblasts, secretory portions of eccrine sweat glands, neural cells and basal keratinocytes in the epidermis. This vacuolation was also observed in cultured keratinocytes and fibroblasts. Assays of seven enzyme activities in plasma and cultured skin fibroblasts showed a marked decrease of beta-mannosidase activity. Sequencing the beta-mannosidase cDNA revealed a four-base (ATAA) insertion between exons 7 and 8, resulting in a frameshift at codon 321 and termination at codon 325. Analysis of the patient's genomic dna revealed a novel homozygous A( 1)-->G splice site mutation in intron 7. CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge, this is the first case of beta-mannosidosis reported in japan and the second report in which a gene mutation is identified. The biological importance of beta-mannose moieties in glycoproteins in basal keratinocytes is suggested.
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ranking = 1.2000001660742
keywords = mannosidosis, deficiency
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7/33. Late occurrence of chronic immune-mediated axonal polyneuropathy following bone marrow transplant for juvenile-onset alpha-mannosidosis.

    A 23-year-old woman with juvenile-onset alpha-mannosidosis developed an axonal polyneuropathy more than a year following successful unrelated donor (URD) BMT complicated by chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Progressive muscle weakness and paresthesias developed over at least 4 months, and made her nonambulatory. Nerve conduction and EMG studies demonstrated an axonal sensorimotor neuropathy. Cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) IgG was elevated with two peaks not identified in serum. Strength improved after a single course of plasma exchange and continued to improve over 12 months. The response to plasma exchange, elevated CSF IgG production, and evidence of a serum IgM peak suggest an immune-mediated mechanism. Chronic polyneuropathies following BMT are rare and are usually temporally related to GVHD or infection. This patient's disease was unusual because of its late occurrence and chronic onset in the face of resolved GVHD and in the absence of infection.
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ranking = 0.99999979240724
keywords = mannosidosis
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8/33. Destructive joint disease in alpha-mannosidosis. A case report and review of the literature.

    Storage of oligosaccharides due to a deficiency of alpha-mannosidase can lead to joint destruction in children and young adults. Treating hip destruction with a prosthesis might be successful in some of these patients, although diminished bone quality increases the risk of loosening of the prosthesis.
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ranking = 0.80000004151855
keywords = mannosidosis, deficiency
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9/33. Sisters with alpha-mannosidosis and systemic lupus erythematosus.

    alpha-mannosidosis is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by deficiency of lysosomal alpha-mannosidase (LAMAN). Here, we report two sisters with alpha-mannosidosis who developed systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The sisters were both homozygous for a one bp deletion within the LAMAN gene resulting in a truncated gene product. The coincidence of alpha-mannosidosis and SLE are discussed with regard to both clinical and molecular findings. CONCLUSION: alpha-mannnosidosis may contribute to the onset of systemic lupus erythematosus in predisposed patients.
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ranking = 1.3999999169629
keywords = mannosidosis, deficiency
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10/33. First reported case of alpha-mannosidosis in the RSA.

    The first known case of alpha-mannosidosis in the RSA is reported. Presentation was classic, viz. delayed speech, kyphoscoliosis and hearing loss at the age of 4 years. Among the generally rare inherited lysosomal storage diseases, alpha-mannosidosis is regarded in europe and the USA as one of the more common disorders. It is suggested that the apparent underdiagnosis in south africa may stem from lack of clinical recognition of a condition, which is relatively simple to diagnose biochemically. The clinical and radiological features of the child are described in the hope that clinicians will develop an awareness of the disorder, and include it in the differential diagnosis of deaf children who may also have mild skeletal abnormalities. Antenatal diagnosis of this untreatable condition is possible, so the birth of further affected children in a family could be prevented.
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ranking = 1.1999997508887
keywords = mannosidosis
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