Cases reported "Ameloblastoma"

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1/417. A unique case of desmoplastic ameloblastoma of the mandible: report of a case and brief review of the English language literature.

    A unique case of desmoplastic ameloblastoma is reported from the clinical, radiographic, and histologic viewpoints. The patient was a 56-year-old man who complained of a painless swelling on the buccal aspect of the left mandible. Periapical and panoramic radiographs revealed a rounded, slightly radiolucent area with blurred osteosclerotic margins. Occlusal radiograph and computed tomography images disclosed buccal bone expansion outlined by thinned cortices. Computed tomography images exhibited an enhanced area in the anterior portion of the lesion. Interestingly, the coronal computed tomography images revealed a close relationship between the periodontal membrane of the left mandibular second premolar and the enhanced area. biopsy specimens from the anterior portion of the lesion displayed typical histologic features of the desmoplastic variant of ameloblastoma. However, those from the posterior portion disclosed a large cystic formation. Oxytalan fibers were identified in the stromal tissue of the tumor, which suggested that the tumor arose from the epithelial rests of Malassez in the periodontal membrane of the related tooth. We also reviewed previously reported 41 cases. In 36 of 38 cases in which the location was specified, the tumor was found in the anterior to premolar region of the maxilla or mandible. A radiographic description was given in only 29 previous cases, 28 of which involved multilocular lesions. No cyst as large as the one in the present case was found among the previously reported desmoplastic ameloblastomas. Although the present case deviates from the usual desmoplastic variant of ameloblastoma in terms of locus, radiologic appearance, and cyst formation, it still meets the histologic criteria for this variant in both the stromal and epithelial components. ( info)

2/417. Malignant ameloblastoma of the maxilla.

    This case illustrates a rare occurrence of an ameloblastoma arising in the maxilla and metastasizing to the neck and lungs within a three-year period following the initial resection. A discussion of the pathology is presented and the necessity for aggressive initial therapy with close follow-up is emphasized. ( info)

3/417. ameloblastoma of the maxilla. Case report.

    A basal cell maxillary ameloblastoma became obvious as an asymptomatic swelling of the left buccal sulcus and alveolar process, although a large extension into the maxillary sinus up to the nasal conchae and the orbital floor had already occurred. The painless and slow growth of the lesion, the thin bone of the upper jaws, the adjacent cavities and the vital structures are the main factors for delay in recognition and thus the potentially lethal result of a maxillary ameloblastoma. A review of location, age, sex and race predilection, clinical course, radiographic appearance, histological types and treatment methods in made. ( info)

4/417. Granular cell ameloblastoma of jaw. A report of rare case and brief review of literature.

    ameloblastoma is an epithelial odontogenic tumour of the jaw and exhibits diverse microscopic patterns which occurs either singly or in combination with other patterns. The rare granular cell variant is seen in combination usually with follicular or plexiform subtypes. The reported case reveals the microscopic patterns characteristic of granular cell variant only, which is uncommon. The tumour was excised and no recurrence has been observed after nineteen months of surgery. ( info)

5/417. Pulmonary metastasis of ameloblastoma: case report and review of the literature.

    Ameloblastomas are benign tumors of odontogenic epithelial origin. There is a high incidence of local recurrence associated with these tumors, and distant metastasis is rare. A review of the English literature shows that there have been 41 prior reports of pulmonary metastases from ameloblastomas of the oral cavity. We present another case of ameloblastoma metastatic to the lung and review the histopathology and mechanism of metastatic spread. ( info)

6/417. Giant ameloblastoma: report of an extreme case and a description of its treatment.

    ameloblastoma is an odontogenic tumor that usually occurs in the mandible. It is an aggressive but benign tumor of epithelial origin that is rarely metastatic. We report the case of a 53-year-old woman who had a massive ameloblastoma of the mandible. The tumor measured 15.2 x 11.4 x 12.0 cm. The patient had oral bleeding that required a transfusion. The workup included three-dimensional imaging, arteriography, and embolization to control bleeding. Surgical management entailed the resection of the entire left mandible and right symphysis, followed by reconstruction with a free fibular flap. To our knowledge, this is the largest reported ameloblastoma managed with three-dimensional imaging, radical resection, and free-flap reconstruction. This article also reviews aspects of the differential diagnosis, pathology, and management of jaw tumors. ( info)

7/417. ameloblastoma with basal cell carcinoma-like feature emerging as a nasal polyp.

    A case of a 63-year-old man with ameloblastoma with basal cell carcinoma (BCC)-like features clinically emerging as a nasal polyp is reported. The left nasal cavity was filled with a solid mass, which seemed to be a sinusitis-associated nasal polyp. The polyp was covered by parakeratotic squamous epithelium which was directly connected to the BCC-like tumor nest. The BCC-like features gradually changed to adamantinoid features. The polyp was connected with a huge mass filling the maxillary sinus and the molar area, which consisted of conventional ameloblastoma features. Although the tumor was finally diagnosed as an ameloblastoma of the maxilla, the biopsy specimen forced us to face the problem of differential diagnosis, ameloblastoma with BCC-like features or adamantinoid basal cell carcinoma (BCC). Immunohistochemical examination revealed that tumor cells of the ameloblastoma reacted with anticytokeratin antibody KL-1 but not with antiepithelial antibody Ber-EP4, and these reaction patterns were completely contrary to those of BCC. It is emphasized that immunohistochemical examination using anticytokeratin antibody KL-1 and antiepithelial antibody Ber-EP4 is a good tool for distinguishing ameloblastoma with BCC-like features from adamantinoid BCC. ( info)

8/417. Cytology of recurrent ameloblastoma with malignant change. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: ameloblastoma is a rare tumor of the jaw that arises from the odontogenic epithelium. Ameloblastomas have a propensity for local recurrence and, rarely, for metastasis. The term malignant ameloblastoma is reserved for those metastasizing tumors that retain the typical morphology of ameloblastoma. Fine needle aspiration (FNA) reports on ameloblastomas are scant, and those on malignant ameloblastomas are still more so. CASE: In a case of malignant ameloblastoma diagnosed by FNA cytology, the clinical presentation was that of a malignant neoplasm. FNA smears were highly cellular and showed isolated, scattered cells and small groups of basaloid cells and polygonal squamous epithelial cells. Stellate and spindle-shaped cells were also seen in the background. The cytologic diagnosis was subsequently confirmed on histopathology. CONCLUSION: The characteristic combination of cells in FNA smears facilitated the diagnosis of ameloblastoma. Since the biologic behavior of the tumor was that of a malignant neoplasm, the slides were reviewed. The cytologic smears did not exhibit sufficient features of malignancy to label the lesion malignant. ( info)

9/417. So-called 'hybrid' lesion of desmoplastic and conventional ameloblastoma: report of a case and review of the literature.

    So-called 'hybrid' lesion of ameloblastoma, which is composed of desmoplastic ameloblastoma and conventional follicular/plexiform ameloblastoma, is an unusual variant of ameloblastoma and only eight cases of 'hybrid' lesion have been published in the English literature. To enhance knowledge of this interesting tumor, we add a case of 'hybrid' lesion that occurred in the right mandible of a 48-year-old Japanese male. Radiographic examination disclosed a honeycomb appearance at the anterior alveolar region, combined with a unicystic radiolucency in the molar region of the mandibular body. Histologically, the former showed microscopic features of desmoplastic ameloblastoma and the latter those of follicular ameloblastoma with focal granular cell transformation. The lesion was enucleated with curettage of surrounding bone and the lesional cavity was marsupialized. Although tumor tissues reappeared at 3, 5, 7 and 14 months after the surgery, the patient has remained disease free for 11 years after the last vaporization by CO2 laser of the recurred tumor. Many more cases of 'hybrid' lesion are needed to clarify the clinicopathological, histopathological and biological characteristics of this interesting variant of ameloblastoma. ( info)

10/417. Odontoameloblastoma: report of a case.

    Odontoameloblastoma is a very rare odontogenic tumour that is similar to ameloblastoma in its locally aggressive behaviour. Its clinical presentation, however, often mimics the more innocuous odontoma, and hence the recognition of its aggressive nature is commonly only ascertained after its histopathologic diagnosis following enucleation. This paper presents a case of odontoameloblastoma. Some of the difficulties that may be encountered in the diagnosis and treatment planning of odontoameloblastomas are discussed. ( info)
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