Cases reported "Angina, Unstable"

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1/365. Spontaneous recanalization of postoperative severe graft stenosis. What is the cause and prognosis of the "string sign" in the internal thoracic artery?

    A 68-year-old female with unstable angina was treated surgically. She was referred to the surgical ward by cardiologists because of a diagnosis of unstable angina with three vessel disease. On a coronary angiogram (CAG), 90% stenoses were found in the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD), circumflex (CX), and right coronary artery (RCA). She received elective coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), in which the left internal thoracic artery (LITA) was anastomosed to the LAD and reversed saphenous vein grafts (SVG) were made to segment 12 of the CX, and segment 4PD of the RCA, respectively. The postoperative course was uneventful, but postoperative early graftgraphy revealed distal narrowing of the LITA graft as the so-called "string sign". However, one year post surgery, the LITA string sign was not found and its patency had markedly improved on the second graftgram. It is reported that the LITA "string sign" might cause late graft occlusion. However, this LITA graft evidently enlarged the size and increased the flow of the artery in proportion to myocardial blood demand. To our knowledge, it has not been reported that an in situ LITA string sign on postoperative early graftgram has disappeared in the late phase. We hypothesize that the LITA string sign might be caused by several different factors such as flow competition, spasm, and/or technical problems. In any event, the LITA string sign does not cause graft occlusion in the late postoperative period in every case. ( info)

2/365. Late development of an aneurysm of a saphenous vein used as an aortocoronary conduit.

    A case of a large saphenous vein aortocoronary aneurysm that developed late after coronary artery bypass grafting is presented. This is the first case of a large saphenous vein aortocoronary aneurysm identified by serial angiography and 3-dimensional computed tomographic scanning. ( info)

3/365. Severe cutaneous cholesterol emboli syndrome after coronary angiography.

    cholesterol embolization syndrome is due to dislodgment of cholesterol crystals from the atherosclerotic plaques lining the walls of major arteries resulting in an occlusion of small arteries. We describe a case of severe cutaneous cholesterol emboli syndrome following repeat coronary angiography showing by our observation that this syndrome is often unrecognized or misdiagnosed and that a better evaluation of risks factors in patients undergoing invasive procedures could prevent this severe complication. ( info)

4/365. Mesenteric ischemia after coronary artery bypass grafting: should local continuous intra-arterial perfusion with papaverine be regarded as a treatment?

    Mesenteric ischemia after cardiac surgery is rare but dramatic. We present a patient who had acute mesenteric ischemia following low cardiac output after coronary artery bypass grafting. Our patient was successfully treated with continuous intra-arterial perfusion with papaverine. We think that selective angiography must be performed as early as mesenteric ischemia is suspected, to get earlier diagnosis and treatment of an ischemic patient. ( info)

5/365. Interesting cases from the University of texas Medical Branch.

    This article discusses the cases for four patients with unstable angina. The first case is an example of the "high-risk" patient with widespread ECG changes, heart failure, and enzymatic elevations during an episode of chest pain. The second patient illustrates an unusual cause of unstable angina in a young women. The third patient had a large thrombus visible on angiography and management strategies for dealing with intracoronary thrombus are discussed. The final patient had an extensive past cardiac history with two prior coronary artery bypass operations and we discuss the recent advances made in the treatment of degenerative vein graft disease. ( info)

6/365. coronary artery bypass graft after esophagogastrectomy.

    A 71-year-old male with a history of retrosternal gastric bypass, after a resected esophageal carcinoma, developed angina pectoris due to stenosis of the left main trunk and the left anterior descending artery. The patient was treated with off-pump beating-heart coronary artery bypass approached via left thoracotomy. Two free conduits arising from the left internal mammary artery were utilized for this particular case, since the aortocoronary bypass was impossible due to the severely calcified aorta. Postoperative angiography confirmed good coronary flow and the patient has been symptom free for 6 months. ( info)

7/365. Angina and coronary ostial lesions in a young woman as a presentation of Takayasu's arteritis.

    Diagnostic considerations in young patients presenting with coronary artery disease have conventionally included familial dyslipidemias, lipoprotein(a) elevation, hyperhomocysteinemia, cocaine toxicity, hypercoagulable states, connective tissue disorders, vasculitis and the presence of other established risk factors for coronary artery disease. The case of a young woman with unstable angina and a left main coronary artery ostial lesion on cardiac catheterization is discussed. She was subsequently diagnosed with Takayasu's arteritis 4 years later. ( info)

8/365. The nondiagnostic ECG in the chest pain patient: normal and nonspecific initial ECG presentations of acute MI.

    The 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) is a powerful clinical tool used in the evaluation of chest pain patients, assisting in the selection of the proper therapy. Unfortunately, the ECG is diagnostic of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in only one-half of such patients at initial hospital evaluation. In the remaining group of patients with the nondiagnostic 12-lead electrocardiogram, the ECG may be entirely normal, show nonspecific sinus tachycardia (ST) segment-T wave abnormalities, or obvious ischemic changes. In adult chest pain patients treated in the emergency department (ED), 1% to 4% of such patients with an absolutely normal ECG had a final hospital diagnosis of AMI; furthermore, patients with nonspecific electrocardiographic abnormalities experienced AMI in 4% of cases. These findings reinforce the teaching point that the history is the most important tool used in the evaluation of chest pain patients. Furthermore, overreliance on a normal or nonspecifically abnormal ECG in a patient with a classic description of anginal chest pain is dangerous. ( info)

9/365. Possible anaphylactic reaction to abciximab.

    We report a patient who experienced a severe anaphylactic reaction during coronary artery stenting. Subsequent to administration of a weight-adjusted dose of abciximab, the patient developed profound hypotension and severe, acute airway obstruction. The reaction was successfully reversed with a 16-hr infusion of epinephrine, steroids, and an H1 blocker. Cathet. Cardiovasc. Intervent. 48:71-73, 1999. ( info)

10/365. Catheter-induced vasospasm in the right external iliac and femoral arteries during a cardiac diagnostic procedure.

    Catheter-induced vasospasm of small caliber arteries, such as the coronary arteries, is frequently observed during cardiac catheterization, but obstruction of the large caliber arteries has not previously been reported. Here we present two cases in which femoral and external iliac arteries were totally obstructed due to spasm during diagnostic coronary angiography. ( info)
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