Cases reported "anodontia"

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1/427. Orthodontic considerations in individuals with down syndrome: a case report.

    The skeletal and soft tissue features, aberrations in dental development, and periodontal and caries characteristics of down syndrome related to orthodontic treatment are discussed. A case report describing the successful orthodontic treatment of a 13-year-old boy with down syndrome and a severe malocclusion is presented. ( info)

2/427. Treatment of an impacted dilacerated maxillary central incisor.

    Impacted incisor With Dilaceration refers to a dental deformity characterized by an angulation between crown and root causing noneruption of the incisor. Surgical extraction used to be the first choice in treating the severely dilacerated incisor. In this article, a horizontally impacted and dilacerated maxillary central incisor was diagnosed radiographically. By combining two stages of the crown exposure surgery with light force orthodontic traction, the impacted dilacerated incisor was successfully moved into proper position. However, long-term monitoring of the stability and periodontal health is critical after orthodontic traction. ( info)

3/427. Ophthalmic findings in GAPO syndrome.

    BACKGROUND: The main manifestations of GAPO syndrome are growth retardation (G), alopecia (A), pseudoanodontia (P), and optic atrophy (O). CASES: This syndrome has been described in 21 patients from 16 different families. Four cases are from turkey and have been presented by Sayli and Gul. The purpose of our study is to document the cases from turkey and discuss the ophthalmological and neuro-ophthalmolgical findings of these and other reported GAPO cases. OBSERVATIONS: All patients in the literature and our 4 cases have severe growth retardation with delayed bone age in infancy, characteristic facial appearance (high and bossed forehead, midface hypoplasia), alopecia or severe hypotrichosis, and pseudoanodontia. optic atrophy was present in 1 of our cases and in 5 previous cases. glaucoma was present in 5 cases, including 2 of ours. Buphthalmia and keratopathy secondary to glaucoma were also observed. White eyelashes, seen only in our cases, may be a sign of "early senility." CONCLUSIONS: optic atrophy is not a constant finding in GAPO syndrome. glaucoma may accompany the ocular findings. This syndrome has been attributed to either ectodermal dysplasia or the accumulation of extracellular connective tissue matrix, due to an enzyme deficiency involved in its metabolism. Current studies show that an elastin defect and secondary changes in collagen may be important in the pathogenesis of the disease. ( info)

4/427. Hypocalcification type amelogenesis imperfecta in permanent dentition in association with heavily worn primary teeth, gingival hyperplasia, hypodontia and impacted teeth.

    A female patient with hypocalcification type amelogenesis imperfecta in permanent dentition in association with heavily worn primary teeth, gingival hyperplasia, hypodontia and impacted teeth is presented. ( info)

5/427. Prosthodontic rehabilitation of an anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia patient: a clinical report.

    This clinical report describes the characteristics and prosthodontic restoration of a young male patient with anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia. With proper care and prosthodontic treatment, the patient can enjoy a relatively normal life. It is important that the patient and his parents fully understand the dental problems related to his physiologic and psychologic conditions. The need for continued dental treatment is necessary. ( info)

6/427. Localized deficient root development associated with taurodontism: case report.

    Dentinal dysplasia type I (DDI) is a rare disturbance in dentin formation. This case report illustrates different radiographic features from other reported DDI cases in that only one quadrant (lower right posterior teeth) has the characteristic of DDI and both right and left upper molars exhibit taurodontism. This finding might be a variation of DDI. However, it is possible that this type of developmental defect could occur because of regionalized abnormalities in cellular function and proliferation as occurs in regional odontodysplasia. ( info)

7/427. Implant-surgical and prosthetic rehabilitation of patients with multiple dental aplasia: a clinical report.

    The expanded experience with oral implants and supplementary augmentation techniques has opened new possibilities for treating patients with oligodontia or anodontia with fixed prostheses. A problem in treating such patients is the need to place implants in growing maxillae or mandibles, as many of these patients are children or adolescents. When implant treatment is postponed until the patient is full grown, dysfunctions become manifest, which necessitates extensive surgical measures to achieve a fixed prosthetic restoration. This report illustrates the problems associated with different concepts for the treatment of multiple aplasia with implants. The results are based on the findings of 22 patients with oligodontia who underwent surgical treatment and were followed over a period of 5 years. Two controversially treated cases are presented. ( info)

8/427. The use of colored elastomeric "O"s as a motivational instrument for patients with anodontia: report of case.

    Complete and/or removable partial dentures are the most commonly selected treatment for the prosthodontic management of young patients who present with oligodontia or anodontia such as in the case of patients with ectodermal dysplasia. Bakri, Belanger and Nowak have reported on the different ways that these prostheses can be modified to ease the child's burden of growing up with missing teeth and having to wear prostheses that make them different from their peers. Some of their suggestions include the placement of diastemas, the use of artificial "baby" teeth and their subsequent replacement with permanent teeth to simulate the primary and mixed dentition stages. They have also recommended deleting primary teeth to mimic the normal exfoliation pattern. The purpose of this article is to report the attitude change and improvement in self-esteem experienced by two young girls from the simple addition of colored elastomeric molded "O"s to the orthodontic appliances placed on their prostheses. ( info)

9/427. ectodermal dysplasia with hypodontia in a set of Nigerian twins--a case report.

    A set of Nigerian male twins with features of ectodermal dysplasia born to apparently normal parents are presented. The main findings in both children were hypodontia, abnormally shaped teeth and hypotrichosis. The general treatment modalities of the condition, especially in a tropical environment, are discussed. ( info)

10/427. Apparent hypodontia: a case of misdiagnosis.

    The case of a 12-year-old girl is reported, whose pretreatment radiograph demonstrated agenesis of two premolars and a canine and slow development of the contralateral premolars. A follow-up radiograph taken 1 year later showed initial mineralization of a tooth germ in the site of one of the apparently missing premolars. The cause, diagnosis, and treatment planning implications of delayed mineralization and slow development of second premolars are discussed with reference to the literature. ( info)
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