Cases reported "Anthrax"

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1/77. inhalation anthrax in a home craftsman.

    inhalation anthrax with complicating subarachnoid hemorrhage due to simultaneous infection with two capsular biotypes of bacillus anthracis of different virulence for the mouse is reported. The patient, a home craftsman, acquired his infection from imported animal-origin yarn. ( info)

2/77. anthrax meningitis. Report of two cases with autopsies.

    The authors report two cases of occupation-related anthrax meningitis; one was direct contamination from a diseased animal; the second was due to handling of bone powder imported from india. The pathological pattern of involvement of the meninges and brain is described and discussed. ( info)

3/77. ulnar nerve lesion due to cutaneous anthrax.

    anthrax is an acute infectious disease caused by the spore-forming bacterium bacillus anthracis. anthrax is most common in agricultural regions, where it occurs in animals. It can also infect humans. Cutaneous anthrax infections occur when the bacterium enters a cut or abrasion on the skin. A case of cutaneous anthrax infection of the arm is presented. The patient needed to undergo a skin graft. He subsequently developed an ulnar nerve lesion after severe edema in his arm and hand. ( info)

4/77. anthrax threats: a report of two incidents from Salt Lake City.

    The threat of anthrax as an agent of bioterrorism in the U.S. is very real, with 47 incidents of possible exposure involving 5664 persons documented by the Federal Bureau of Investigation over a 14-month period in 1998 and 1999. The highly visible and potentially devastating effects of these threats require a well-coordinated and well-organized emergency medical services (EMS) and Emergency Department (ED) response to minimize panic and reduce the potential spread of an active and deadly biologic agent. This requires planning and education before the event. We describe the events of two anthrax threats in a major metropolitan area. The appropriate EMS and ED response to these threats is outlined. ( info)

5/77. Injectional anthrax in a heroin skin-popper.

    anthrax is rare in western europe but may arise sporadically in people exposed to animal products from endemic areas. A heroin-injecting drug user presented with a severe soft-tissue infection at the injection site, septic shock, and meningitis. A gram-positive endospore-forming aerobic rod was isolated from the soft tissue and cerebrospinal fluid; confirmation of bacillus anthracis was made by PCR. Since contaminated heroin was the probable source of infection, this case is of concern and warrants surveillance. ( info)

6/77. anthrax as the cause of preseptal cellulitis and cicatricial ectropion.

    A 54-year-old female farmer with anthrax infection of the eyelids is presented. She was initially managed with high dose intravenous penicillin g treatment. Following complete healing of the eyelid lesions, significant cicatricial ectropion resulted. Her right lower eyelid ectropion was corrected by surgical reconstruction using full thickness skin graft after a period of 6 months during which the cicatrization process stabilized. Satisfactory cosmetic and functional improvement was achieved. anthrax of the eyelid must be considered in the differential diagnosis of preseptal or orbital cellulitis and any reconstructive procedure should be attempted only after the cessation of the healing process. ( info)

7/77. Toxemic shock, hematuria, hypokalemia, and hypoproteinemia in a case of cutaneous anthrax.

    A 20-year-old woman who had daily contact with domestic herbivores presented with a painless and pruritic lesion in her neck; the lesion ulcerated to a black necrotic eschar from which bacillus anthracis grew. Rapidly expanding edema at the site of the ulcer was followed by shock, hematuria, hypokalemia, and hypoproteinemia. The latter symptoms - unusual for cutaneous anthrax - responded to intravenous penicillin therapy. ( info)

8/77. CT and MR findings of anthrax meningoencephalitis: report of two cases and review of the literature.

    anthrax meningoencephalitis is a rare complication of infection with bacillus anthracis and generally produces a hemorrhagic meningoencephalitis. We present the CT and MR imaging findings in two patients demonstrating subarachnoid, intracerebral, and intraventricular hemorrhage with leptomeningeal enhancement. ( info)

9/77. Update: Investigation of anthrax associated with intentional exposure and interim public health guidelines, October 2001.

    On October 4, 2001, CDC and state and local public health authorities reported a case of inhalational anthrax in florida. Additional cases of anthrax subsequently have been reported from florida and new york city. This report updates the findings of these case investigations, which indicate that infections were caused by the intentional release of bacillus anthracis. This report also includes interim guidelines for postexposure prophylaxis for prevention of inhalational anthrax and other information to assist epidemiologists, clinicians, and laboratorians responding to intentional anthrax exposures. ( info)

10/77. Bacillus anthracic meningitis.

    bacillus anthracis is an uncommon cause of meniningitis. The characteristic hemorrhagic features in two patients who died despite antibiotic treatment are presented and discussed. ( info)
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