Cases reported "Aortic Rupture"

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1/943. Rupture of aortic aneurysm with right-sided haemothorax.

    A 62-yr-old male with a history of high blood pressure was admitted for persistent dyspnoea and a right-sided pleural effusion, complicated by a recent episode of shock. There was no history of trauma and the patient denied any thoracic pain. A chest tube was inserted which released nonclotting bloody fluid. A thoracic computed tomographic scan of the chest revealed an aneurysm of the inferior third of the descending thoracic aorta. The patient underwent a successful prosthetic graft replacement. We emphasize that rupture of aortic aneurysms should be considered in the evaluation of spontaneous haemothorax even if it is right-sided and not associated with pain. ( info)

2/943. Ruptured distal aortic arch aneurysm associated with arteriosclerosis obliterans.

    A 73-year-old man with a ruptured distal aortic arch aneurysm into the pericardial space, mediastinum and right pleural space is described. The patient underwent a successful total aortic arch replacement using deep hypothermia, systemic circulatory arrest and selective cerebral perfusion. extracorporeal circulation was established with right axillar arterial perfusion due to arteriosclerosis obliterans (ASO). Presentation and management are discussed. ( info)

3/943. cardiac tamponade and death from intrapericardial rupture [corrected] of sinus of valsalva aneurysm.

    A 35-year-old woman presented with dyspnea and chest pain. She had a large aneurysm of the non-coronary sinus of valsalva. Before her scheduled urgent surgery, the patient collapsed and died of cardiac tamponade secondary to intrapericardial rupture of the aneurysm. We would advocate urgent repair of this type of lesion to prevent such an outcome. We are aware of no other specific reports addressing extracardiac rupture of non-coronary cusp aneurysms [corrected]. ( info)

4/943. Chronic traumatic aortic pseudoaneurysm: resolution with observation.

    Immediate operative repair is the most commonly recommended treatment for traumatic aortic ruptures, regardless of age or size of the lesion. We report a patient who presented with a large chronic aortic pseudoaneurysm and has been thus far managed nonoperatively with shrinkage of his lesion and no symptoms. ( info)

5/943. Cervical aortic arch with pseudocoarctation: presentation with spontaneous rupture.

    A 23-year-old man presented with hypotension secondary to a left hemothorax. Diagnostic studies revealed a left cervical arch associated with a redundant tortuous pseudocoarctation in the proximal descending thoracic aorta. Operative exploration revealed an aortic rupture just proximal to the pseudocoarctation. Resection of the diseased aorta and tube graft replacement was performed under circulatory arrest. The patient was discharged home on the 12th postoperative day. ( info)

6/943. Typical presentation of intramural aortic haemorrhage (IAH) with evidence of intimal tear at MRI and angiography.

    A typical appearance of IAH was evidenced by CT and TEE in a 56-year-old hypertensive female suspected of developping classical acute aortic dissection (AAD). Further examination with MRI and aortography showed unequivocally the presence of an intimal tear in the aortic arch. This coexistence of intimal tear has never been evidenced preoperatively in patients with IAH. This observation demonstrates at the outset that IAH is part of the spectrum of AAD. ( info)

7/943. Small ruptured abdominal aneurysm diagnosed by emergency physician ultrasound.

    Ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms currently have a high rate of both mortality and misdiagnosis. Aneurysms smaller than 4 cm are not commonly considered for surgical repair. This report describes the case of a ruptured abdominal aneurysm measuring less than 4 cm diagnosed by the emergency physician utilizing bedside ultrasound. Within 30 minutes of arrival at the emergency department the patient's abdominal pain resolved spontaneously after defecation. If the bedside ultrasound had not been performed it is possible the patient would have been discharged from the hospital without surgical intervention. Bedside ultrasound by emergency physicians may improve the diagnosis of ruptured aortic aneurysms, particularly if the presentation is atypical. ( info)

8/943. diagnosis of ruptured sinus of valsalva aneurysms: potential value of transesophageal echocardiography.

    Two patient cases are reported in which an aneurysm of the right coronary sinus of valsalva ruptured into the right ventricular outflow tract, near the crux of the heart. Transthoracic two-dimensional echocardiography and transesophageal echocardiography using Doppler color flow mapping allowed accurate preoperative assessment of the left-to-right shunt, which was subsequently confirmed by contrast aortography and surgery. ( info)

9/943. Aorto-oesophageal fistula presenting as a submucosal oesophageal haematoma.

    The CT findings in a fatal case of aorto-oesophageal fistula secondary to an atheromatous plaque in the thoracic aorta are described. These features are correlated with findings on endoscopy and barium studies. ( info)

10/943. Chronic aneurysm of the descending thoracic aorta presenting with right pleural effusion and left phrenic paralysis.

    A 62-year-old man was admitted to the emergency department with chronic dysphagia and lower back pain. Chest radiography revealed a wide mediastinal shadow and an elevated left diaphragm, which proved to be secondary to left phrenic paralysis. The patient was diagnosed with an aneurysm of the descending thoracic aorta and was admitted to the hospital. After the patient was admitted, the aneurysm ruptured into the right chest. The patient underwent an emergency operation to replace the ruptured segment with a synthetic graft. Postoperative recovery and follow-up were uneventful. This report describes an unusual presentation of a thoracic aortic aneurysm. Hemidiaphragmatic paralysis caused by compression of the phrenic nerve is an unusual complication that, to our knowledge, has not been previously reported. ( info)
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