Cases reported "Arthritis, Rheumatoid"

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1/2268. Chrysotherapy-induced aplastic anemia: a case report.

    A case of gold-induced aplastic anemia occurring in a 58-year-old male with rheumatoid arthritis who received a total dose of 635 mg of gold sodium thiomalate over a 16-week period is reported. The clinical features, treatment, prevention and pathogenesis of gold-induced aplastic anemia are reviewed. The ability to predict patients in whom this hematologic effect may occur is discussed. Chrysotherapy is beneficial in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, but gold-induced aplastic anemia may be fatal. Absolute identification of patients at risk of having this hematologic side effect is not possible, but dosage reduction and intense monitoring of laboratory and clinical signs may prevent its occurrence. ( info)

2/2268. Wasting of the small hand muscles in upper and mid-cervical cord lesions.

    Four patients are described with destructive rheumatoid arthritis of the cervical spine and neurogenic wasting of forearm and hand muscles. The pathological connection is not immediately obvious, but a relationship between these two observations is described here with clinical, radiological, electrophysiological and necropsy findings. Compression of the anterior spinal artery at upper and mid-cervical levels is demonstrated to be the likely cause of changes lower in the spinal cord. These are shown to be due to the resulting ischaemia of the anterior part of the lower cervical spinal cord, with degeneration of the neurones innervating the forearm and hand muscles. These findings favour external compression of the anterior spinal artery leading to ischaemia in a watershed area as the likeliest explanation for this otherwise inappropriate and bizarre phenomenon. ( info)

3/2268. Peripheral ulcerative keratitis--an extracutaneous neutrophilic disorder: report of a patient with rheumatoid arthritis, pustular vasculitis, pyoderma gangrenosum, and Sweet's syndrome with an excellent response to cyclosporine therapy.

    The term peripheral ulcerative keratitis represents a spectrum of inflammatory diseases, characterized by cellular infiltration, corneal thinning, and ulceration. Neutrophilic dermatoses are rarely associated with peripheral ulcerative keratitis. To date, peripheral ulcerative keratitis has only been reported in patients with pyoderma gangrenosum. Separate episodes of pyoderma gangrenosum, Sweet's syndrome, and pustular vasculitis developed in a 60-year-old patient with rheumatoid arthritis over an 8-year period. Over the past 2 years, 3 episodes of peripheral ulcerative keratitis occurred. cyclosporine (4 mg/kg/d) treatment was started on confirmation of pyoderma gangrenosum. Over the ensuing 2 years, it became evident that the activity of her ocular and skin diseases, as well as her arthritis, paralleled the administration or cessation of cyclosporine therapy. Dermatologists should be aware of the association of Sweet's syndrome, pyoderma gangrenosum, and pustular vasculitis with peripheral ulcerative keratitis. This rare ocular manifestation and the serious sequelae when left untreated make recognition crucial. cyclosporine proved to be a very effective treatment for all of our patient's diseases. ( info)

4/2268. Failure of the hinge mechanism of a trispherical total wrist arthroplasty: a case report and review of the literature.

    We report a patient with rheumatoid arthritis who developed late catastrophic failure of the hinge mechanism of her trispherical total wrist arthroplasty. This was associated with synovitis secondary to wear debris from titanium, cement, and polyethylene which produced exuberant flexor and extensor tendon synovitis and median nerve compression. ( info)

5/2268. A case of pancytopenia secondary to low-dose pulse methotrexate therapy in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis and renal insufficiency.

    Most reports on serious MTX toxicity have focused on hepatic abnormalities, while other effects, including hematologic reactions, have not been emphasized. We experienced a case of pancytopenia secondary to MTX therapy in a patient with RA and renal insufficiency. A 67-year-old woman with a 12-year history of active seropositive RA that was a response to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, hydroxychloroquinine and intra-articular steroid injections, had been followed up and was diagnosed as early chronic renal failure in October, 1993. Recently, because of significant morning stiffness and polyarthralgia, the decision was made to institute MTX treatment. This was begun as a single oral dose of 5mg/week. After 2 doses, the patient was admitted to the hospital with general weakness. Laboratory tests showed a hemoglobin level of 7.9 g/dl, WBC count 1800/mm3 and platelet count of 64000/mm3. The serum creatinine level was 6.1 mEq/dl and the BUN level was 82 mEq/dl. liver function test results were normal, but the serum albumin level was 2.7 g/dl. The patient subsequently developed fever and blood transfusions, granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) and intravenous prophylactic antibiotic therapy were required. Her condition was improved. In summary, Low-dose MTX-related adverse hematologic side effects, including fatal pancytopenia, are rare but are a cause of increasing concern in patients with RA and renal insufficiency. Close monitoring of associated risk factors, particularly impaired renal function, should be mandatory for all patients who are receiving MTX therapy. ( info)

6/2268. Lumbar intraspinal synovial cysts of different etiologies: diagnosis by CT and MR imaging.

    Intraspinal synovial cysts arises from a facet joint and may cause radicular symptoms due to nerve root compression. In the present study, three surgically and histologically proved cases of synovial cyst of the lumbar spine with different etiology are described. The purpose of this report is to illustrate the imaging features of various etiologies of intraspinal synovial cysts allowing a correct preoperative diagnosis. review of the literature enables us to say that to our knowledge, there is no reported article collecting the imaging findings of intraspinal synovial cysts with different etiologies. Only single cases with rheumatoid arthritic or traumatic origin have been reported to date. We believe that computed tomography and particularly magnetic resonance imaging are the methods of choice which provide the most valuable diagnostic information. ( info)

7/2268. poems syndrome, steroid-dependent diabetes mellitus, erythema elevatum diutinum, and rheumatoid arthritis as extramedullary manifestations of plasma cell dyscrasia.

    poems syndrome is a rare synopsis of different multisystemic disorders (polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal gammapathy, and skin lesions) associated with plasma cell dyscrasia. We herein report the atypical case of a 44-year-old white man presenting with glomerulopathy, poems syndrome, and erythema elevatum diutinum with a few-year history of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) and seronegative rheumatoid arthritis (RA) as early manifestations of IgAlambda multiple myeloma. The prescription of 1 mg/kg/day prednisone improved the patient's features dramatically. Skin lesions improved by the association of glucocorticoids and plasma exchange, recurred when plasmapheresis ceased, and remitted when plasma exchange was reintroduced. NIDDM requiring insulinotherapy recurred when corticoids were discontinued and remitted when prednisone was reintroduced. However, prednisone and plasmapheresis had no effect on polyneuropathy, M-paraprotein, and plasma cell dyscrasia in our patient, who developed indolent multiple myeloma a few years later. We thus concluded that poems syndrome, steroid-dependent diabetes mellitus, rheumatoid arthritis, RA, and skin vasculitis in our patient were triggered by plasma cell dyscrasia. ( info)

8/2268. MPO-ANCA necrotizing glomerulonephritis related to rheumatoid arthritis.

    Two patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) developed necrotizing crescentic glomerulonephritis with high titers of anti-myeloperoxidase antibodies (MPO) in the absence of overt extrarenal vasculitis. We therefore suggest that in some patients with RA, MPO-ANCA necrotizing glomerulonephritis (GN) may occur as a kidney-limited form of rheumatoid vasculitis, and that RA should be added to the list of diseases potentially associated with necrotizing GN with anti-MPO antibodies. These observations also point out the importance of repeatedly evaluating titers of anti-MPO antibodies in the course of RA, especially if renal impairment or abnormal urinary sediment are present. ( info)

9/2268. Remission of the nephrotic syndrome in a patient with renal amyloidosis due to rheumatoid arthritis treated with prednisolone and methotrexate.

    A 46-year-old woman developed nephrotic syndrome secondary to rheumatoid arthritis (RA). A renal biopsy showed deposition of amyloid fibrils in the subendothelial space of the glomerular capillary walls. After treatment with prednisolone (PSL, 40 mg/day), the levels of c-reactive protein (CRP) and serum amyloid A decreased to within normal limits for 2 weeks. However, the nephrotic syndrome persisted for 6 months after the therapy. To maintain the suppression of disease activity and to reduce PSL, methotrexate (5 mg/week) was added. The nephrotic syndrome resolved gradually, and the level of serum albumin returned to normal. Although renal prognosis of patients with nephrotic syndrome due to amyloidosis caused by RA has been considered poor, adequate and long-term treatment of RA with antiinflammatory drugs, including PSL and methotrexate, is useful for patients with secondary amyloidosis complicated by RA. ( info)

10/2268. Non-union of undisplaced radial neck fracture in a rheumatoid patient.

    Non-union of an undisplaced fracture of the radial neck in a rheumatoid patient is presented. Possible causes are discussed, and the literature reviewed. ( info)
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