Cases reported "Body Weight"

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1/487. patients with morbid obesity don't get life-saving bone marrow transplants.

    When the patient, a registered nurse, was surgically treated for morbid obesity she initially lost 54.5 kg. Approximately 2 years after gastric bypass, she received a diagnosis of chronic myelogenous leukemia and subsequently underwent a successful allogenic bone marrow transplant (BMT). When her surgical history was taken at the transplant facility, the significant weight loss and gastric bypass were discussed. She was informed that at 140 kg, she would not have been eligible nor considered a candidate for transplant. A search of the literature and a survey of other facilities confirmed this view as typical. The reasons cited were that the chemotherapy dosage required for the morbidly obese weight level would cause fatal organ damage as opposed to organ-sparing dosages, which would not eradicate all leukemic cancer cells. An additional general view was that the morbidly obese could not survive the rigors of the transplant preoperative regimen. This patient had an uneventful recovery and remains disease-free today, 3 years after BMT and 5 years after gastric bypass, with a sustained total weight loss of 73 kg. ( info)

2/487. angiotensin ii blockade in hypertensive dialysis patients.

    Five hypertensive haemodialysis patients have been infused with saralisin. The infusion appears to be a simple diagnostic test separating patients into two groups. First, there are those whose blood pressure does not fall with saralasin pre-dialysis, but does fall with weight removal during dialysis; the blood pressure in these patients can be controlled by a reduction in pre-dialysis weight. Second, there are those whose blood pressure does fall with saralasin either pre- or post-dialysis; their arterial pressure does not fall with weight removal, but can be controlled by anti-hypertensive drugs. In two of the patients who responded to saralasin, the mechanism of the high blood pressure appeared to change from volume dependency, partial or complete, with suppressed renin release, to angiotensin dependency, partial or complete, as weight was removed during dialysis. These patients illustrate the importance of the interaction between volume and the level of angiotensin ii in the maintenance of hypertension. ( info)

3/487. Adverse psychologic reactions to ileal bypass surgery.

    Of 33 patients who underwent ileal bypass surgery for morbid obesity and were followed up with psychiatric interviews and consultation postsurgery, five appear to have had adverse psychologic sequelae related to the procedure. The emotional problems of these five patients were in part related to or precipitated by their drastic weight loss after ileal bypass. In most cases, the patients generally had depressive symptoms and, in dynamic terms, were dependent individuals with lifelong problems in object relations. The coping styles demonstrated, while not rigorously classified as psychiatric illness, appeared to predispose them for certain difficulties even when weight had been lost. Ileal bypass surgery apparently is not psychologically innocuous as previously thought, and psychiatric follow-up of patients is indicated. ( info)

4/487. Severe anorexia nervosa associated with osteoporotic-linked femural neck fracture and pulmonary tuberculosis: a case report.

    We report a case study of a 38-year-old woman who had been suffering from anorexia nervosa (AN) since the age of 26. Before admittance to our clinic, she weighed 23.8 kg (at a height of 164 cm, 8.8 body mass index [BMI]) but still carried out strenuous physical activities. After good psychotherapeutic response and weight gain (34.4 kg), she accidentally fell and broke her femoral neck-favored as it was by osteoporosis. The X-ray taken before dynamic hip screw implantation coincidentally showed signs of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB), which could then be proven by computed tomography (CT) scans and cultures from a bronchoscopy. Other than lack of appetite and loss of weight, which we attributed to AN, there were no other clinical or biochemical indicators which could have pointed to an earlier TB diagnosis. As a result, the need for screening procedures is discussed. The manifestation of TB during the first weight gain after 12 years of severe malnutrition, during which there were no serious infections, seems to endorse former observations that AN patients appear to be "resistant" to some extent against infectious diseases, a "protection" which may be lost with convalescence and weight gain. ( info)

5/487. A case of kwashiorkor in the UK.

    A case of kwashiorkor in a British child of Caucasian origin is described. The 5-year-old boy was referred to hospital for investigation of a persistent anaemia, but on examination was found to have classical features of kwashiorkor. He was stunted with both height and weight below the fifth centile and had mild pitting oedema in both legs. His hair was pale and easily pluckable and a soft liver edge was palpable. plasma albumin concentration was 16 g/l and the plasma amino acid pattern, which revealed markedly reduced levels of essential but normal to high non-essential amino acids, was similar to that described in kwashiorkor in uganda. A dietary history revealed that for about 2 years the child's diet had contained very little protein but adequate energy and had been supplemented with multivitamin pills. There was no evidence of other pathology, neglect or abuse and the child responded rapidly to refeeding with a balanced diet. ( info)

6/487. The Mt. Tyndall incident.

    The authors describe the 53-hour rescue of a 6-foot, 1-inch tall, 250-pound hiker in the face of harsh environmental conditions in sequoia National Park. This 43-year-old man fell 25 feet, injured his leg, and was noted to be hypothermic and hypovolemic. weather, altitude, and the patient's size delayed and complicated his evacuation. After being carried down 1,500 vertical feet, he was hoisted into a hovering helicopter and flown to University Medical Center in Fresno, california. On arrival, the patient was determined to have a comminuted subtrochanteric right femur fracture, which was ultimately repaired surgically. The authors also discuss some of the unique aspects of wilderness and National Park Service EMS. ( info)

7/487. Ring 2 chromosome: ten-year follow-up report.

    Cote et al. [1981: Ann Genet 24:231-235] suggested that ring chromosomes without a preceding deletion share a common pattern of phenotypic anomalies, independent of what chromosome is involved. The phenotype of such a "general ring syndrome" consists of growth failure without malformations, few or no minor anomalies, and mild-to-moderate mental retardation. We report on a patient with a ring 2 chromosome with features suggestive of silver-russell syndrome at birth and striking postnatal growth retardation with minor intellectual involvement supporting Cote's suggestion. This would be the ninth case of ring 2 chromosome published; the patient is the longest reported survivor, with a 10-year follow-up. ( info)

8/487. Cognitive-behavioral therapy for bulimia nervosa: an illustration.

    Cognitive-behavioral therapy for bulimia nervosa (BN) is a well-developed, theoretically grounded treatment for BN with the strongest empirical support for its efficacy of any form of treatment for BN. The treatment package comprises three distinct phases typically delivered over 20 weeks. Incorporating a variety of specific interventions, these three phases of treatment focus systematically on (i) dietary restraint, (ii) dysfunctional beliefs about body weight and shape, and (iii) reactions to recurrence of symptoms, which are thought to be the primary operative mechanisms that cause and maintain BN symptoms. Case material is presented to illustrate cognitive-behavioral treatment principles. ( info)

9/487. Severe hypertensive sequelae in a child with Seckel syndrome (bird-like dwarfism).

    We report a 19-year-old male with Seckel syndrome (bird-like dwarfism) who presents with malignant hypertension associated with hypertensive nephrosclerosis, dilated cardiomyopathy, and a ruptured cerebral artery aneurysm. Although end-organ injury due to chronic hypertension occurs frequently in adults, no previous reports of renal insufficiency due to hypertension exist in children or adolescents. We speculate that this patient may have been particularly prone to hypertensive end-organ injury due to his extreme short stature. ( info)

10/487. Estrogen supplementation for bone dematuration in young epileptic man treated with anticonvulsant therapy; a case report.

    We encountered a young man treated with anticonvulsant therapy who had greatly reduced bone mineral density. An 18-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for shoulder pain and further evaluation of decreased bone mineral density. He had been treated with anticonvulsants, including phenytoin, phenobarbital, valproic acid and zonisamide for seizures. Although testosterone was found within the normal range for adult men, the serum estrogen concentration was below the detection limit (< 10 pg/ml) and his wrist epiphyses were not yet closed. After 10 months of treatment with the conjugated estrogen, both his height and weight showed improvement, while his bone mineral density and bone age were increased. These findings suggested that estrogen therapy had a significant effect on his skeletal growth and bone maturation in man. This is the first report showing the beneficial effect of estrogen supplementation in an epileptic man receiving treatment with anticonvulsants. ( info)
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