Cases reported "Bone Resorption"

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11/499. Multiple extraction patterns in severe discrepancy cases.

    Thirty-five cases have been collected from colleagues which illustrate that removal of additional maxillary teeth, following first bicuspid extractions, can allow the successful resolution of difficult discrepancy and anchorage cases. charts 1 and 2 describe the amounts of space that might be expected by removal of additional upper bicuspids, upper first molars, and upper second molars. The findings on upper second molars are admittedly limited. Anchorage values as expressed by an efficiency percentage were approximately what would be expected from a study of anchorage values of the roots of teeth. The removal of upper second bicuspids has a better anchorage efficiency potential than the upper first molar, but this may be overcome somewhat by the greater size of the molar. Clear guidance cannot be given as to which teeth to remove in a specific case, but it is the observation of the author that for cases that are still in full Class II following four bicuspid space closure, upper second bicuspid removal would be more helpful from an anchorage perspective, whereas for cases that are in end-to-end molar relationship or require only a few millimeters to move into Class I, the upper first molar might be the tooth of choice. Also, the supper first molar removal allows for a more "normal" appearing arch assuming normal alignment and size of the upper second and third molars. The comparison with the nonextraction control group showed an enormous difference in the amount of incisor retraction that extractions provide when related to the maxilla. The nonextraction control group, though experiencing dramatic correction of Class II relationships, showed no incisor movement within the maxilla. Some problems which appeared in the sample were described. Removal of upper teeth in addition to the four first bicuspids can be a solution to an occasional anchorage, skeletal, growth or cooperation problem. ( info)

12/499. Progressive bone resorption after pathological fracture of the femoral neck in Hunter's syndrome.

    We report a case of Hunter's syndrome associated with a transverse fracture of the left femoral neck after minor trauma, followed by progressive resorption of the femoral head at 12 years of age and a stress fracture of the right femoral neck at 16 years of age. MRI performed at 15 years of age revealed intra-articular low intensity on T1-weighted and T2-weighted images of both hip joints. The MR finding may represent fibrous synovial thickening, which caused pressure erosion of the femoral neck, resultant pathological and/or stress fractures, and subsequent osteonecrosis with rapid absorption of the femoral head. ( info)

13/499. Severe osteoporosis in familial hajdu-cheney syndrome: progression of acro-osteolysis and osteoporosis during long-term follow-up.

    hajdu-cheney syndrome is an autosomal dominant inherited osteodysplastic bone disease with the hallmarks of acro-osteolysis, skull deformations, and generalized osteoporosis. Very few patients have been followed long-term with respect to the prognosis of acro-osteolysis and osteoporosis. Here we describe a 39-year-old woman and her 19-year-old daughter who are both affected with the hajdu-cheney syndrome. Skeletal lesions were followed in the mother between the ages of 22 and 39 years. The acro-osteolytic lesions progressed markedly and caused shortening of several fingers; some end phalanges had completely disappeared. Severe spinal osteoporosis with serial vertebral fractures was found at the age of 22 years. New vertebral fractures developed until the age of 33 years, but did not progress afterward. High turnover osteoporosis was found in the bone histology of iliac crest biopsies performed at the ages of 22 and 34 years. Bone mineral content (BMC) was strikingly decreased at the age of 34 years (T score -5.1 SD) and did not significantly change during further follow-up. In the daughter, BMC failed to increase between the ages of 12 and 19 years and was also markedly decreased (T score -4.4 SD). This suggests that osteoporosis in hajdu-cheney syndrome is related to a low peak bone mass and a high bone turnover, leading to insufficient bone formation compared with the increased bone resorption. ( info)

14/499. Periodontal disease associated with preleukemic syndrome.

    A case of preleukemic syndrome associated with severe periodontal disease has been presented for the first time. The clinical, radiographic and hematologic findings have been discussed, as well as medical and periodontal therapy. ( info)

15/499. regeneration ad integrum of the condyle head in a patient with temporomandibular disorders.

    A 14-year-old who had suffered from a beta-hemolytic streptococcus infection presented with serious temporomandibular disorders, including a reabsorption of the condyle head on the right side, and reabsorption in the cavern of the left side. Her masticatory muscles were electronically deprogramed, achieving a mandibular position supported by a relaxed musculature. The patient's signs and symptoms subsequently disappeared. Study of the magnetic resonance image a year later clearly showed a regeneration ad integrum of the condyle head and a spontaneous reinsertion of the articular disk. The results suggest the need for use of electronic elements in order to treat patients with temporomandibular disorders effectively. ( info)

16/499. A morphological study of bone and articular cartilage in ochronosis.

    An ochronotic femoral head has been studied morphologically under the light and the electron microscope. Its articular cartilage showed the alterations already reported in the literature, mainly consisting of erosions of the surface, pigment accumulation in chondrocytes and intercellular matrix, chondrocyte degeneration, the formation of pigmented, calcified and uncalcified microshards, and the presence of granulation tissue with macrophagic cells. The changes in bone were less severe than those in cartilage. Pigment was present in the calcified matrix. This did not seem to disturb the organization of the bone tissue, although it was diffusely osteoporotic, perhaps because of limb disuse. The preservation of calcified matrix might depend on the fact that its collagen fibrils are encrusted by mineral substance, which avoids the dangerous effects that the deposition of ochronotic pigment induces in the fibrils of soft connective tissues. On the other hand, the newly formed osteoid matrix remains uncalcified for too short a time to be modified by the pigment. Diffuse or granular pigmentation was found in a few osteocytes, while several of them were condensed or reduced to cellular fragments. bone resorption often occurred near these osteocytes. However, this did not seem to alter the degree of bone remodelling, possibly because of the relatively low numbers of degenerated or dead osteocytes. Pigment was also contained in the cytoplasmic vacuoles of otherwise active osteoclasts, whereas it was not found in osteoblasts. On the whole, ochronosis in bone seems to induce the same changes as in other connective tissues. However, their severity appears to be limited by calcification, which prevents modifications in collagen fibrils, and by bone remodelling, which to some extent eliminates the oldest, pigment-richest parts of the tissue. ( info)

17/499. Recombinant bone morphogenetic protein-7 as an intracorporal bone growth stimulator in unstable thoracolumbar burst fractures in humans: preliminary results.

    The study presented here is a pilot study in five patients with unstable thoracolumbar spine fractures treated with transpedicular OP-1 transplantation, short segment instrumentation and posterolateral fusion. Recombinant bone morphogenetic protein-7 in combination with a collagen carrier, also referred to as OP-1, has demonstrated ability to induce healing in long-bone segmental defects in dogs, rabbits and monkeys and to induce successful posterolateral spinal fusion in dogs without need for autogenous bone graft. Furthermore OP-1 has been demonstrated to be effective as a bone graft substitute when performing the PLIF maneuver in a sheep model. Five patients with single-level unstable burst fracture and no neurological impairment were treated with intracorporal OP-1 transplantation, posterior fixation (USS) and posterolateral fusion. One patient with osteomalacia and an L2 burst fracture had an additional intracorporal transplantation performed proximal to the instrumented segment, i.e. OP-1 into T 12 and autogenous bone into T 11. Follow-up time was 12-18 months. On serial radiographs, Cobb and kyphotic angles, as well as anterior, middle and posterior column heights, were measured. Serial CT scans were performed to determine the bone mineral density at fracture level.In one case, radiographic and CT evaluation after 3 and 6 months showed severe resorption at the site of transplantation, but after 12 months, new bone had started to fill in at the area of resorption. In all cases there was loss of correction with regard to anterior and middle column height and sagittal balance at the latest follow-up. These preliminary results regarding OP-1 as a bone graft substitute and stimulator of new bone formation have been disappointing, as the OP-1 device in this study was not capable of inducing an early sufficient structural bone support. There are indications to suggest that OP-1 application to a fracture site in humans might result in detrimental enhanced bone resorption as a primary event. ( info)

18/499. Resorption and regeneration of alveolar bone in acute osteomyelitis of the mandible.

    A 12-year-old boy developed osteomyelitis of the anterior part of the mandible subsequent to a blow on the mouth. The condition resulted in loosening of the lower incisors and considerable loss of alveolar bone. Under conservative treatment the condition subsided and the bone regenerated completely. Radiographs taken at various stages in the treatment show the loss of bone and its gradual regeneration. ( info)

19/499. Condylar resorption 2 years following active orthodontic treatment: a case report.

    We recently treated a patient with degenerative disease of the temporomandibular joint. A healthy, 12-year-old female with bilateral high maxillary canines presented for orthodontic treatment. Two years after active orthodontic treatment, at age 17, symptoms in her temporomandibular joint manifested and progressed. By the time she revisited our hospital at age 21, the patient had developed an anterior open bite with a long, slender facial appearance. Cephalometric analysis showed shortening of the ramus and backward and downward rotation of the mandible. Imaging studies revealed severe deformity and resorption of the bilateral condyles. Her occlusal and morphologic changes seemed to be caused by degenerative disease of the temporomandibular joint. ( info)

20/499. Loss of upper permanent central incisor teeth. Case report.

    A case is reported in which elastic bands caused irreversible periodontal destruction around upper central incisor teeth. Every practitioner should be aware of the hazards associated with the use of elastic bands in minor tooth movement. ( info)
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