Cases reported "burning mouth syndrome"

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1/32. burning mouth syndrome due to cadmium in a denture wearer.

    We report the case of a female denture wearer who was referred to our service due to burning of the lips and tongue but with no visible oral lesions. Her biochemical data, complete blood cell count, sedimentation rate, thyroid and sex hormones were normal. tongue culture was negative. patch tests, performed with a panel of 20 potential denture allergens, gave positive results ( ) only to a 2% petrolatum cadmium sulfate, which was present in the denture. Removal of the denture led to the clearing up of oral symptoms in 3 days. In light of these findings, carrying out patch tests with the allergens related to denture materials should be considered in these cases. ( info)

2/32. Oral lesions in patients with psoriasis: clinical presentation and management.

    psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that rarely involves the oral cavity. In this report we describe 2 cases, initially diagnosed with cutaneous psoriasis, that present with oral lesions on the attached gingiva. The clinical appearance and differential diagnosis are presented and discussed. Case 1 describes the non-surgical management of intraoral psoriasiform lesions and the use of a free gingival graft to restore an area of gingival recession resulting from an oral lesion. The second case outlines the use of topical corticosteroid therapy as an adjunct to non-surgical periodontal therapy. Although patients with cutaneous psoriasis rarely present with oral involvement, the clinician should be aware that oral lesions may occur. Accurate diagnosis is dependent on a thorough clinical examination, a biopsy of the oral lesions, and a history of cutaneous psoriasis. ( info)

3/32. burning mouth syndrome after taking clonazepam.

    OBJECTIVE: To report the first published case of clonazepam-induced burning mouth syndrome (BMS). CASE SUMMARY: A 52-year-old white woman presented to the clinic with burning mouth symptoms. The patient was previously maintained on alprazolam therapy for anxiety, but was switched to clonazepam because of increased anxiety and panic. clonazepam significantly relieved her symptoms, but after four weeks of therapy, she reported a constant, mild, oral burning sensation. An oral examination was negative for mucosal abnormalities, and laboratory tests were unremarkable. The clonazepam dose was reduced, and the symptoms decreased, but remained intolerable. clonazepam was discontinued, and the burning mouth symptoms completely resolved. Since no other medications relieved the anxiety and panic symptoms, the patient requested clonazepam to be reinitiated, but she again developed intolerable burning mouth symptoms. As clonazepam was discontinued, the symptoms resolved. DISCUSSION: The clinical presentation of BMS includes burning and painful sensations of the mouth in the absence of mucosal abnormalities. candidiasis, anemia, menopause, diabetes mellitus, medications, anxiety, and depression are some causes of this syndrome. Paradoxically, clonazepam has been studied for the treatment of BMS and has demonstrated mild to moderate improvement. In this patient, underlying causes of BMS were eliminated when possible. The association between clonazepam and BMS was highly probable according to the Naranjo probability scale. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first published report describing BMS with a benzodiazepine. Although uncommon, clinicians should be aware of this potential adverse effect due to the widespread use of benzodiazepines. ( info)

4/32. burning mouth syndrome.

    A critical component of the dental hygiene process of care is assessment of the oral and general health conditions of clients. Some clients present with burning and painful sensations in the oral cavity in the absence of any noticeable disease. This condition has been referred to as burning mouth syndrome (BMS), an often complicated condition. Various local, systemic, and psychological factors have been linked with BMS, but its etiology is not fully understood. Yet as many as one million people are affected by it in the united states, and it is an increasingly-common problem in the aging population. Middle-aged women, mostly postmenopausal, are diagnosed with symptoms seven times more frequently than men. Careful diagnosis and treatment are necessary to alleviate the symptoms of this condition. Referral to a physician is warranted in some cases. The purposes of this course are to review the etiologic factors and clinical implications related to this condition and to discuss appropriate dental hygiene interventions. Collaboration among the client, dental hygienist, dentist, and physician provides for interdisciplinary actions that can lead to palliation of symptoms and evaluation of the possible underlying factors contributing to the condition. ( info)

5/32. Diabetic neuropathy masquerading as glossodynia.

    BACKGROUND: Diabetic neuropathy, or DN, occurs in approximately 50 percent of patients who have type 2 diabetes mellitus, or DM. Oral burning and symptoms consistent with glossodynia (burning mouth syndrome) may occur secondary to DN. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 54-year-old woman reported to a university dental clinic with a chief complaint of oral burning. No clinical signs were evident. Her medical history was positive for type 2 DM. The initial diagnosis was glossodynia, and she was evaluated with relevant blood studies, which indicated that her diabetes was not well-controlled. The patient was referred back to her physician, and her symptoms abated once her diabetic condition was under control. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: It is important to consider DN within the differential diagnoses of patients who have symptoms consistent with glossodynia but have no clinical signs. dentists are invaluable in ascertaining underlying systemic disease considerations in patients with oral symptomatology. Cooperation between dentists and physicians often is helpful and necessary in caring for patients who have uncontrolled type 2 DM and oral symptoms. ( info)

6/32. Somatoform salivary complaints. case reports.

    patients with salivary gland complaints are seen with a large array of signs and symptoms. Usually these patients have an underlying pathophysiological process that can account for their symptoms. However, in a significant number of patients, no known biological process can be found that would account for the patient's complaint. In such cases, somatization is a possible cause. Somatization is a frequently cited feature of patients with various forms of mental illness. In this paper, we will attempt to illustrate the classic signs of a somatoform disorder in three different patients whose diverse salivary complaints fulfill the criteria for a diagnosis of somatoform disease. ( info)

7/32. burning mouth syndrome and vulvodynia coexisting in the same patient: a case report.

    The 'dynias' are a group of chronic focal pain syndromes with a predilection for the orocervical and urogenital regions. This is a case report of stomatodynia (burning mouth syndrome) and vulvodynia coexisting in a middle-aged woman. The dynias are an enigma in terms of aetiology, which is multifactorial, making clinical investigations difficult and often requiring liaison with other specialties. ( info)

8/32. Endodontic treatment in cases of allergic reaction to rubber dam.

    The prevalence and severity of latex allergies have rapidly increased recently. This article presents two cases of patients with rubber latex allergy. The patient in case A was unaware of her sensitivity to latex and presented symptoms of contact dermatitis-stomatitis during endodontic treatment. The patient in case B reported latex allergy before the initiation of the treatment and a different approach was followed. Certain aspects of latex allergy related to the endodontic treatment are discussed. Moreover, a protocol is proposed for treatment of patients with latex hypersensitivity with safety. ( info)

9/32. lisinopril-induced "scalded mouth syndrome".

    OBJECTIVE: To report a case of "scalded mouth syndrome" (SMS) caused by lisinopril. PATIENT: A woman being treated with lisinopril for hypertension developed a burning sensation of her lips and buccal mucosa. The condition persisted with continued use of lisinopril and subsided when the medication was discontinued. CONCLUSIONS: The symptoms described by our patient were similar to those reported in previous cases of SMS associated with the use of enalapril and captopril, two other angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. This reaction to ACE inhibitors appears to be dose related, and subsides with a decreased dosage or discontinuation of the medication. ( info)

10/32. Oral involvement in a case of AA amyloidosis.

    A case of oral involvement of amyloid associated (AA) amyloidosis (secondary systemic amyloidosis) in a patient who is suffering from psoriatic arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis, is described. The patient was complaining of pain in the oral cavity (burning mouth), especially on the tongue, and difficulty in chewing and swallowing foods. Oral examination revealed a few papules on the dorsum of the tongue associated with xerostomia. In addition, two slightly painful, small ulcers, localized on the vestibule of the mouth were observed. biopsy of the tongue demonstrated amyloid deposits. ( info)
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