Cases reported "Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic"

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1/674. Fine-needle aspiration cytology of polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma of the tongue.

    The cytologic features derived from a fine-needle aspiration of polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma (PLGA) of the base of the tongue are described. The tumor cells were composed of cuboidal epithelial cells and short, spindle-shaped myoepithelial-like cells, and they formed large cell clusters. In the central portion of the clusters, myxoid materials were present, and palisading tumor cells occasionally surrounded them. Histological examination revealed solid proliferation of the epithelial cuboidal and spindle cells. The former frequently formed tubular and papillary structures. The tumor was not encapsulated, and invasion of adjacent muscle tissue was noted. Although the cytologic differentiation from cellular variants of pleomorphic adenoma and myoepithelioma is difficult, the feature of palisading tumor cells may be useful in the differential diagnosis. ( info)

2/674. Primary adenoid cystic carcinoma of skin with lung metastasis.

    Primary cutaneous adenoid cystic carcinoma was first reported in 1975. We report a case of this malignancy with pulmonary metastases in a 70-year-old man and offer a brief review of the literature. ( info)

3/674. Follicular carcinoma in ectopic thyroid gland. A case report.

    Ectopic thyroid rest can be seen anywhere along the path of descent of the gland. The most ectopic thyroid tissue is a thyroglossal duct cyst associated with normal thyroid gland. Sublingual location is less common than a lingual ectopia. True malignant transformation in ectopic thyroid tissue is extremely rare. Such a malignancy is virtually always diagnosed only after surgical excision of the lesion at pathological examination. This report discusses a case of ectopic thyroid follicular carcinoma in the right submandibular region in the absence of orthotopic thyroid, discovered by chance after the surgical excision performed for a preoperative ultrasonically and cytologically misdiagnosed submandibular gland adenocystic carcinoma. The possible aetiology of such an unusual anatomical relationship is discussed as well as the importance of thyroid scanning, ultrasound and/or CT in neck lumps. ( info)

4/674. Cervical adenoid cystic carcinoma coexisting with multiple human papillomavirus-associated genital lesions. A common etiology?

    Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the uterine cervix is a rare tumor with unknown etiology. We report a case of adenoid cystic carcinoma occurring in a young woman, associated with multiple human papillomavirus (HPV)-related lesions including condyloma acuminata, vulvar intraepithelial neoplasm, cervical intraepithelial neoplasm and invasive basaloid squamous cell carcinoma. While adenoid cystic carcinoma has previously been found to coexist with squamous cell carcinoma or cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, its association with such a variety of HPV-related lesions in our case has not been previously reported, and raises the speculation that HPV may also be the causative factor for adenoid cystic carcinoma. However, in situ dna hybridization and polymerase chain reaction in our current study failed to demonstrate the existence of HPV dna in adenoid cystic carcinoma. ( info)

5/674. Intrasellar adenoid cystic carcinoma and papillary mucinous adenocarcinoma: two previously undescribed primary neoplasms at this site.

    Most carcinomas involving the sella turcica are metastases. We report two previously undescribed carcinomas that appear to be primary at this site. The first occurred in a 44-year-old woman who presented with hemianopsia. A mass was noted by computed tomography to occupy the sella turcica, from which it appeared to originate. Transphenoidal biopsy showed the tumor to be an adenoid cystic carcinoma with a typical cribriform pattern. The patient died shortly after a subsequent attempt at tumor resection. The second tumor arose in a 55-year-old man who presented with diplopia. Computed tomography showed a mass in the sella turcica that was presumed to be a pituitary adenoma. However, transphenoidal resection revealed a mucinous adenocarcinoma composed of small papillae and glands lined by columnar epithelium. The tumor cells exhibited varying degrees of stratification with prominent interspersed mucin vacuoles. Focal solid areas showed a component of signet ring-type cells. In contrast to the apparent aggressive behavior of the adenoid cystic carcinoma, the papillary mucinous adenocarcinoma appeared much less aggressive, as the second patient was alive and without evidence of disease 5 years later. Both tumors may be derived from epithelial rests within the pituitary gland, either minor salivary gland rests or Rathke's cleft remnants. ( info)

6/674. Unusual presentations of pleomorphic adenoma and adenoid cystic carcinoma of the lacrimal gland.

    PURPOSE: To report two atypical cases of pleomorphic adenoma and adenoid cystic tumours of the lacrimal gland. methods: Two case reports are presented. The first is of a 65-year-old female with a long history of right hypoglobus with sudden recent worsening. Computed tomography (CT) showed a round, well-defined lesion in the fossa for the lacrimal gland with an anterior hypodense extension suggestive of possible malignancy in a pleomorphic adenoma. The tumour in the second case, a 35-year-old male, was diagnosed after presentation following a relatively minor periorbital injury. The smooth rounded mass on CT scan was suggestive of a benign lacrimal gland tumour. RESULTS: The lesion in case 1 was excised with a diagnosis of haemorrhage within a pleomorphic adenoma. The lesion in case 2 was excised with a diagnosis of adenoid cystic carcinoma of the lacrimal gland with pseudocapsule. CONCLUSIONS: Haemorrhagic cyst developing beneath the pseudocapsule of a pleomorphic adenoma should be considered in the differential diagnosis of secondary development of malignancy in a pleomorphic adenoma. Adenoid cystic tumours of the lacrimal gland can present with a pseudocapsule. ( info)

7/674. Not all facial paralysis is Bell's palsy: a case report.

    Bell's palsy or idiopathic facial paralysis is the most common cause of unilateral facial paralysis. This case report describes a patient referred for physical therapy evaluation and treatment with a diagnosis of Bell's palsy. On initial presentation in physical therapy the patient had unilateral facial paralysis, ipsilateral regional facial pain and numbness, and a history of a gradual, progressive onset of symptoms. The process of evaluating this patient in physical therapy, as well as the recognition of signs and symptoms typical and atypical of Bell's palsy, are described. This report emphasizes the importance of early recognition of the signs and symptoms inconsistent with a diagnosis of Bell's palsy, and indications for prompt, appropriate referral for additional diagnostic services. ( info)

8/674. Adenoid cystic carcinoma of Bartholin's gland: what is the optimal approach?

    AIMS AND methods: We report the case of a locally advanced adenoid cystic carcinoma of Bartholin's gland which required posterior pelvic exenteration, radical vulvectomy and ablation of the ischiorectal fossa in order to obtain tumour clearance with negative margins. Including this case, only three pelvectomies have been performed for this disease. This is the first reported case in which a controlateral unsuspected intravulvar metastasis was found on histology. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: No consensus exists on the adequate surgical management of this particular disease. Nevertheless, a review of the literature and this reported case suggest that radical vulvectomy with negative margins should be preferred to wide local excision as the primary surgical procedure. It also suggests that inguinofemoral lymph-node dissection should only be performed when suspect lymph nodes are found at clinical examination. ( info)

9/674. Hybrid carcinomas of salivary glands. Report of 4 cases and review of the literature.

    OBJECTIVE: To report 4 cases of hybrid carcinoma and to review the literature on these rare neoplasms of the salivary gland. methods: hematoxylin-eosin-stained, formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections from 3 parotid tumors and 1 palate tumor were examined. RESULTS: The cases were classified as adenoid cystic and mucoepidermoid carcinoma, adenoid cystic and epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma, epithelial-myoepithelial and salivary duct carcinoma, and adenoid cystic and salivary duct carcinoma. All patients were men, 28 to 71 years old; 3 patients presented with parotid mass, and 1 patient presented with palatal mass. One patient presented with facial nerve paralysis and pain. The soft palatal tumor was a slowly growing mass with maxillary sinus involvement at the time of the diagnosis. All patients were treated with surgery and radiotherapy. CONCLUSIONS: Correct identification of 2 or more neoplastic entities will help assess the aggressiveness and metastatic potential of the tumor and influence the clinical course and treatment. ( info)

10/674. Cytological diagnosis of adenoid cystic carcinoma breast--a case report.

    The cytologic features of a case of adenoid cystic carcinoma of breast diagnosed on fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) in a 52 years old female are described. FNAC was carried out on outer quadrant of breast. The characteristic cytological features were numerous single to branching small round to Avoid cells at places forming microacini. Numerous pink hyaline globules of variable sizes were seen along with finger like projections containing basement membrane material. ( info)
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