Cases reported "carcinoma, mucoepidermoid"

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1/200. Esophageal mucoepidermoid carcinoma containing signet-ring cells: three case reports and a literature review.

    We report 3 cases of esophageal signet-ring cell carcinoma which were found in a set of 505 resected esophageal tumors. The incidence of esophageal signet-ring cell carcinoma was 0.6%. All of the signet-ring cell carcinomas were histologically mixed with squamous cell carcinoma (mucoepidermoid carcinoma). The signet-ring cells had intracellular mucin, which was positive for both periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) and alcian blue at pH 2.5. At the time of presentation, extensive extraesophageal tumor spread and local extension were found in all cases. All of the patients died within 2 years after the esophagectomy irrespective of whether they received chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Our results, and those previously reported, suggest that most esophageal carcinomas containing signet-ring cell carcinoma are aggressive neoplasms associated with a poor prognosis after esophagectomy. ( info)

2/200. Mucoepidermoid carcinoma arising in the accessory parotid gland.

    A rare case of a 9-year-old female with mucoepidermoid carcinoma arising in the accessory parotid gland is reported. She had complained of a painless and round mass of the left cheek for a duration of 14 months. sialography, ultrasonography, CT scan and MRI were performed preoperatively. sialography revealed a small duct separating from the Stensen's duct. CT and MRI showed that the tumor with smooth outline was lying on the masseter muscle and detached from the main parotid gland. The preoperative diagnosis was an accessory parotid gland tumor. The tumor was removed without facial nerve injury via standard parotidectomy incision. The tumor was composed of mucous and epidermoid cells. The pathological diagnosis was low-grade mucoepidermoid carcinoma. ( info)

3/200. Oncocytic mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the trachea.

    We report a rare case of an oncocytic mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the trachea, which presented in a 78-year-old woman with hemoptysis. Oncocytic cells comprised the majority of this low-grade lesion and demonstrated granular cytoplasmic phosphotungstic acid-hematoxylin staining as well as strong immunohistochemical reactivity to antimitochondrial antibody. Most tracheobronchial tumors with oncocytic change are carcinoid tumors. To our knowledge, this is the first oncocytic mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the trachea reported. This diagnosis was facilitated by histochemical and immunohistochemical studies. ( info)

4/200. Sclerosing Mucoepidermoid carcinoma with eosinophilia of the thyroid glands: a case report with clinical manifestation of recurrent neck mass.

    Sclerosing mucoepidermoid carcinoma with eosinophilia (SMECE) is a recently recognized malignant neoplasm of the thyroid gland. About 14 cases of SMECE have been reported and this is the first reported case in korea. A 57-year-old woman presented with right neck mass for 20 years. Total thyroidectomy was performed under the impression of thyroid carcinoma. The resected thyroid gland showed a poorly circumscribed hard mass. Histologically, the tumor consisted of solid nests of large atypical cells with dense fibrous stroma. The tumor cells showed squamoid appearance with abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm. There were also rare mucin-containing cells within the nests. Within the hyalinized stroma, numerous eosinophils were found. The surrounding thyroid parenchyma displayed Hashimoto's thyroiditis. There was metastasis in a regional lymph node. Two years after initial surgery, she underwent a modified radical neck dissection due to recurrent neck mass. After the radiation therapy for eight weeks, laryngectomy and esophagectomy were performed due to a recurrent carcinoma in the esophageal wall. We report an additional case of SMECE, with metastasis to regional lymph nodes and esophagus. The tumor appears to be more aggressive than previously reported and a correct diagnosis can be rendered by just examining the metastatic lesions. ( info)

5/200. Chest wall resection for local recurrence of breast cancer. Presented at the 99th Meeting of the Royal belgium Society of obstetrics and gynecology, Brussels May 9th 1998, belgium.

    We present three cases of chest wall resection for locally recurrent breast cancer and a medline review of the current literature. In selected cases full thickness resection of the chest wall may be used as a salvage procedure to improve the quality of life and prolong the survival at low morbidity and mortality. ( info)

6/200. Hybrid carcinomas of salivary glands. Report of 4 cases and review of the literature.

    OBJECTIVE: To report 4 cases of hybrid carcinoma and to review the literature on these rare neoplasms of the salivary gland. methods: hematoxylin-eosin-stained, formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections from 3 parotid tumors and 1 palate tumor were examined. RESULTS: The cases were classified as adenoid cystic and mucoepidermoid carcinoma, adenoid cystic and epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma, epithelial-myoepithelial and salivary duct carcinoma, and adenoid cystic and salivary duct carcinoma. All patients were men, 28 to 71 years old; 3 patients presented with parotid mass, and 1 patient presented with palatal mass. One patient presented with facial nerve paralysis and pain. The soft palatal tumor was a slowly growing mass with maxillary sinus involvement at the time of the diagnosis. All patients were treated with surgery and radiotherapy. CONCLUSIONS: Correct identification of 2 or more neoplastic entities will help assess the aggressiveness and metastatic potential of the tumor and influence the clinical course and treatment. ( info)

7/200. Mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the eyelid skin.

    PURPOSE: Mucoepidermoid carcinoma involving the eye or its adnexa generally arises from the conjunctiva. We describe a nodular lesion of the lower eyelid skin with histologic features consistent with low-grade mucoepidermoid carcinoma. METHOD: Case report. RESULTS: By histology, the tumor demonstrated areas of squamous cell carcinoma and scattered islands of mucin-secreting cells. Histochemistry showed hyaluronidase-resistant mucin and intense immunoreactivity with an antibody against carcinoembryonic antigen suggesting that the tumor originated from acrosyringeal structures. CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge, this is the first report of a mucoepidermoid carcinoma arising from sweat glands in the eyelid skin. ( info)

8/200. Conjunctival mucoepidermoid carcinoma in a young hiv-infected man.

    PURPOSE: To report a case of conjunctival mucoepidermoid carcinoma occurring in a long-standing pterygium in a 33-year-old Cambodian man infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (hiv). methods: review of clinical history and histopathologic findings. RESULTS: A pterygium that was present for 8 years suddenly became highly inflamed and underwent rapid growth. After the initial diagnostic conjunctival and corneal biopsy showed mucoepidermoid carcinoma, subsequent additional deep excisions of the adjacent sclera and cornea were necessary to completely excise the tumor. Cytokeratin and mucicarmine stains were used to confirm the pathologic diagnosis of mucoepidermoid carcinoma. CONCLUSIONS: Unique features of this case include the extremely young age of the patient (perhaps rendered susceptible by his hiv infection), the tumor masquerading as a pterygium, and the use of a hybrid lamellar and full-thickness corneoscleral resection requiring a complementary graft. Seventeen months after the resection, the patient is free of tumor; this was histopathologically confirmed with multiple random conjunctival biopsies. ( info)

9/200. Bone formation in a carcinoma of the maxillary antrum.

    Malignant tumors of the paranasal sinuses are rare: about 80% are found in the maxillary sinus123. The presence of dense radiopaque masses in combination with destruction of the bone margins suggests osteosarcoma or aspergillosis4 rather than carcinoma. We present a unique mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the maxillary antrum containing new bone formation and discuss the differential diagnosis. ( info)

10/200. Cytology of primary pulmonary mucoepidermoid and adenoid cystic carcinoma. A report of four cases.

    BACKGROUND: Mucoepidermoid and adenoid cystic carcinomas are very rare primary pulmonary neoplasms that can be classified under the broader heading of salivary gland-like neoplasms (SGN). Both entities need to be considered in the cytologic differential diagnosis of lung tumors. We reviewed cytologic findings in primary pulmonary neoplasms diagnosed at our institution during the time period 1981 to the present along with outside consultation cases. CASES: Three cases of primary mucoepidermoid carcinoma and one case of primary adenoid cystic carcinoma of the lung were diagnosed based on cytology during the period examined. Patient ages were 16, 25, 47 and 78 years, respectively. The mucoepidermoid cytology specimens were composed of three cell types, mucinous, squamous and intermediate cells, at times associated with extracellular mucin. The adenoid cystic carcinoma consisted of small, uniform cells with dark nuclei, scant cytoplasm and associated, acellular balls of basement membrane material. CONCLUSION: The differential diagnosis for primary pulmonary neoplasms needs to include the rare SGN. Cytologic features of adenoid cystic carcinoma are diagnostic; those of mucoepidermoid carcinoma are at least suggestive. ( info)
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