Cases reported "Carcinoma, Squamous Cell"

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1/6509. Clinical value of protein-bound fucose in patients with carcinoma and other diseases.

    Protein-bound fucose content in sera from normal persons and patients with various malignant and non-malignant diseases was measured and statistically analyzed. Normal serum gave a mean value of 6.84 /- 0.13 mg/100 ml, and rarely exceeded 9 mg/100 ml. Although no significant difference was found between sexes, there was a tendency of fucose content to decrease in older persons. It was noted that more than 90% of cancer-bearing patients have significantly higher level than critical value (9 mg/100 ml), while only 8.7% of patients with benign tumor showed positive result. These results were not limited to special organs but in common to all cases studied. The elevation of serum fucose content in malignant tumor was well correlated with its stages of progression, though the levels were less significant in early and in rather locally restricted breast and thyroid cancer. Serial postoperative follow-up study showed that the levels in serum fucose content was a useful parameter for judging the effectiveness of therapy and the prognosis of the patient. The fucose content in malignant tumor tissue and metastasized lymph node appeared to be significantly elevated than that in normal tissue. The practical usage and limitation of the fucose value in various diseases, together with a possible source of serum fucose were discussed. ( info)

2/6509. Verruciform xanthoma associated with squamous cell carcinoma.

    Verruciform xanthoma (VX) is a rare lesion of unknown etiology that is typically solitary and predominantly located within the oral cavity. Less commonly, they arise on the skin, with the majority of cases occurring in anogenital sites. They can be confused clinically with verruca vulgaris, condyloma, leukoplakia, verrucous carcinoma, and squamous cell carcinoma. Histologic features include acanthosis with uniform elongation of the rete ridges and xanthomatous cells that lie in and are typically confined to the papillary dermis. Although epidermal atypia is not a characteristic finding, we describe an unusual case of VX that has features of both VX and squamous cell carcinoma. In addition, there was a VX with typical histologic characteristics located at a separate site in the same patient. This case is also the first to our knowledge to be reported on the neck and axilla and is the third case associated with cutaneous graft versus host disease secondary to bone marrow transplant for acute lymphoblastic leukemia. ( info)

3/6509. Laryngeal pathology in the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: diagnostic and therapeutic dilemmas.

    The acquired immunodeficiency syndrome has produced a growing population of patients who, because of their associated immune system compromise, are prone to opportunistic infections and neoplastic diseases. The larynx, with its relatively inaccessible yet critical anatomic location, is a site in which these processes can produce clinical dilemmas, with respect to diagnosis as well as to therapy. By presenting 4 cases involving unusual laryngeal problems in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (hiv), we emphasize these inherent diagnostic and therapeutic problems. Otolaryngologists must be familiar with the many diagnostic possibilities and therapeutic alternatives when hiv-infected patients present with laryngeal complaints. ( info)

4/6509. Treatment of complicated cutaneous malignant neoplasms by modern radiotherapy: principles, practice, and results.

    The indispensability of modern radiotherapy for certain complicated cases of cutaneous malignant neoplasms is demonstrated by a review of its principles and demonstration of results achieved by its practice in five representative cases. ( info)

5/6509. Ileal metastasis in cervical carcinoma: a case report.

    A patient with adenosquamous carcinoma of the uterine cervix, who presented with partial intestinal obstruction and a macroscopically normal cervix, is reported. The literature is reviewed. ( info)

6/6509. p53 gene mutation in 150 dissected lymph nodes in a patient with esophageal cancer.

    For thoracic esophageal cancer, we perform extended three field lymph node dissection, and have achieved nearly 50% of overall 5-year survival. However, patients sometimes develop lymph node recurrences in spite of having no lymph node metastases found by conventional histopathologic examination. In a patient with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, we sequenced all the p53 cDNA translated regions (exon 2-10) of primary carcinoma, and confirmed one p53 nonsense mutation in exon 10. Then we extracted genomic dna from 150 surgically dissected lymph nodes from that patient, and performed polymerase chain reaction analysis (PCR-RFLP) to detect the same p53 mutation in the lymph nodes. PCR-RFLP analysis showed the same p53 mutation in six lymph nodes. One node was located along the right recurrent laryngeal nerve, where no positive nodes was identified by conventional histopathologic examination. The p53 mutational diagnosis of metastatic cancer may be useful in detecting minimal residual disease. ( info)

7/6509. IgA antiglomerular basement membrane disease associated with bronchial carcinoma and monoclonal gammopathy.

    Antiglomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) disease is characterized by a linear deposition of immunoglobulins along the glomerular basement membrane. A 67-year-old man with a recently discovered monoclonal gammopathy of unknown significance (MGUS) presented with microscopic hematuria, nephrotic-range proteinuria, and rapidly deteriorating renal function after a pneumonia. Renal histology showed a crescentic glomerulonephritis; immunohistology showed intense linear staining of the GBM with immunoglobulin a (IgA) and moderate linear staining with kappa and lambda light chains. Screening for systemic disease, including diabetes mellitus, lupus erythematodes disseminatus, cryoglobulinemia, was negative. Serological tests for detection of anti-GBM antibodies were positive for IgA class and negative for IgG. Further examination indicated a bronchial carcinoma T2N2M0. This clinical report adds new information to the spectrum of anti-GBM disease and suggests that neoplasia may be associated with unusual exposure of and/or immune response to epitopes in the GBM. ( info)

8/6509. Microsurgical reconstruction in recurrent oral cancer: use of a second free flap in the same patient.

    Primary microsurgical reconstruction is the treatment of choice for ablative defects of oral carcinoma. As a result of this trend, more and more patients with recurrent oral carcinoma who have been initially treated with surgical excision and reconstructed with free flaps are being seen. However, a second microsurgical reconstruction attempt in these cases raises questions about the flap choices, availability of recipient vessels, and effects of previous treatment modalities. Herein, 35 patients with perioral carcinoma who had two successive tumor resections and reconstruction with free flaps on each occasion are presented. A total of 75 free tissue transfers were carried out for the first and second reconstructions. After the first tumor resection, 28 radial forearm fasciocutaneous flaps, 7 fibula osteoseptocutaneous flaps, 1 iliac osteomyocutaneous flap, and 2 rectus abdominis myocutaneous flaps were used. For reconstruction after the recurrence, 17 radial forearm fasciocutaneous flaps, 13 fibula osteoseptocutaneous flaps, 3 rectus abdominis myocutaneous flaps, 2 anterolateral thigh flaps, 1 jejunum flap, and 1 tensor fasciae latae flap were used. More vascularized bone transfers were performed during the second reconstruction since the excision for the recurrence frequently required segmental mandibulectomy. The complete flap survival rate was 97.3 percent and 94.6 percent with a reexploration rate of 7.9 percent and 13.5 percent for the first and second free tissue transfers, respectively. The mean follow-up time throughout the procedures was 37.5 months. disease-free interval between reconstructions was 20.8 months. At the time of evaluation, 54.3 percent of the patients were surviving an average of 19 months since the second reconstruction. The results suggest that free flaps represent an important option in reconstruction of recurrent perioral carcinoma cases undergoing reexcision. When used in this indication they are as safe and effective as the initial procedure. ( info)

9/6509. Free fibula osteoseptocutaneous-pedicled pectoralis major myocutaneous flap combination in reconstruction of extensive composite mandibular defects.

    Lateral composite mandibular defects resulting from excision of advanced oral carcinoma often require mandible, intra-oral lining, external face, and soft-tissue bulk reconstruction. Ignorance of importance soft-tissue deficit in those patients may cause significant morbidity and functional loss. Such defects, therefore, can be reconstructed best with a double free flap technique. However, this procedure may not be feasible for every patient or surgeon. An alternative procedure is a free fibula osteoseptocutaneous flap combined with a pedicled pectoralis major myocutaneous flap. This combination was used in reconstruction of extensive composite mandibular defects in 14 patients with T3/T4 oral squamous cell carcinoma. All patients were men, and the average age was 54.3 years. The septocutaneous paddle of the fibula flap was used for the mucosal lining of the defects while the bony part established the rigid mandibular continuity. The pectoralis major flap then covered the external skin defect in the face and cheek, and the dead spaces left by the extirpated masticator muscles, buccal fat, and parotid gland. One free fibula flap failed totally, and one pectoralis major flap developed marginal necrosis. At the time of final evaluation, nine patients (64.3 percent) were alive, surviving an average of 25.7 months. All patients eventually regained their oral continence and an acceptable cosmetic appearance. In conclusion, the fibula osteoseptocutaneous flap plus regional myocutaneous flap choice is a successful and technically less demanding alternative to the double free flap procedures in reconstruction of extensive lateral mandibular defects. ( info)

10/6509. Microvascular reconstruction of the skull base: indications and procedures.

    PURPOSE: The aim of the current study was to review the use of free tissue transfer for reconstruction of the skull base and for coverage of intracranial contents. patients AND methods: From 1990 until 1996, revascularized flaps were transferred to the skull and the skull base in 11 patients in whom intracranial/extracranial resection of tumors of the skull base was performed in cooperation with the Department of neurosurgery. The defects resulted from removal of squamous cell carcinomas (n = 4), basal cell carcinomas (n = 4), malignant melanoma, malignant schwannoma, and malignant meningioma. Defect repair was accomplished by revascularized transfer of latissimus dorsi muscle flaps in seven cases and rectus abdominis flaps and forearm flaps in two cases each. In five patients with extensive intracranial tumor spread, reconstruction was performed for palliative reasons. RESULTS: A safe soft tissue closure of the intracranial and intradural space was achieved in all patients, whereas the contour of the facial skull and the neurocranium was satisfactorily restored at the same time. By using the entire length of the grafted muscle, the vascular pedicle could be positioned next to the external carotid artery and conveniently connected to the cervical vessels. The mean survival time of the patients with palliative treatment was 8.4 months, with an average duration of hospital stay of 24.5 days. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the increased surgical effort of revascularized tissue transfer, microvascular reconstruction of large skull base defects appears to be justified, even as a palliative measure. ( info)
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