Cases reported "Carcinoma In Situ"

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1/751. Fine-needle aspiration cytology of cystic hypersecretory ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast: a case report.

    Cystic hypersecretory intraductal carcinoma is an unusual, cystic form of intraductal breast carcinoma affecting middle-aged women. Cytopathologists have rarely encountered this lesion, with only 2 other cases having been previously reported (Colandrea et al., Arch Pathol Lab Med 1988:112:560-563; Kim et al., Acta Cytol 1997;41:892-896). In our cases, the cytologic findings of both air-dried, Diff-Quick-stained and ethanol-fixed, Papanicolaou-stained smears are presented. The cytologic hallmarks of this entity include the presence of a few scattered epithelial cells with bland nuclear morphology in a background of extensive, amorphous, pink-staining material. Cytomorphologically, the differential diagnosis includes other entities containing pink-staining material such as colloid carcinoma, mucocele-like lesion of the breast, and benign fibrocystic change. ( info)

2/751. Polyarthritis as a complication of intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guerin immunotherapy for bladder cancer.

    bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) is the most effective agent currently available for the treatment of superficial bladder cancer. However, this form of treatment is associated with some complications, including arthritis. In this report, we present a 69-year-old woman who developed inflammatory polyarthritis following BCG treatment for superficial bladder cancer. The arthritis resolved following treatment with a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug and chloroquinine. ( info)

3/751. carcinosarcoma, endometrial intraepithelial carcinoma and endometriosis after tamoxifen therapy in breast cancer.

    The fourth case of heterologous mesodermal tumour of the uterine corpus, that developed, years following tamoxifen therapy for breast cancer in a postmenopausal woman with no previous pelvic irradiation, is presented with coincidental endometriosis and endometrial intraepithelial carcinoma. This coincidence after tamoxifen treatment appears to be an indication for the possible carcinogenic potency of tamoxifen. ( info)

4/751. Human papillomavirus types 16 and 39 in a vulval carcinoma occurring in a woman with Hailey-Hailey disease.

    A woman with Hailey-Hailey disease, suffering from carcinoma of the vulva, was examined by histology and for the presence of human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and in situ hybridization. Our diagnosis by histological examination revealed the vulval carcinoma to be a squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), adjacent to lesions of Hailey-Hailey disease and severe dysplasia/carcinoma in situ [vulval intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN) III]. The PCR with consensus primers for the L1 region (L1-PCR) successfully amplified HPV DNA using total DNA extracted from formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tissue specimens. Restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis and sequencing of L1-PCR products revealed HPV types 16 and 39. HPV 16-specific primers for the E6 region identified HPV 16 DNA. in situ hybridization analysis with biotinylated HPV 16 and 39 dna probes revealed the presence of the HPV 39 genome in the nuclei of the tumour cells in the SCC. These results indicate that HPV 16 and 39 are associated with lesions in vulval carcinoma. Regarding the patient's susceptibility to infection in the case of Hailey-Hailey disease, there is a possibility that HPV was inoculated into the lesions of Hailey-Hailey disease and induced those of VIN III and SCC. ( info)

5/751. erythroplasia of Queyrat treated by topical aminolaevulinic acid photodynamic therapy.

    erythroplasia of Queyrat (EQ) is an intraepithelial carcinoma in situ affecting the mucosal surfaces of the penis, with a significant risk of invasion and metastasis. Treatment is often difficult and is associated with significant recurrence rates. Topical 5-aminolaevulinic acid (ALA) photodynamic therapy (PDT) combines a photosensitizer precursor and visible light to produce a photodynamic effect. It has been used successfully to treat benign, premalignant and malignant skin diseases. We present four patients with EQ who have been treated by topical ALA PDT. Of two patients with limited disease one has achieved a long-term complete response (36 months) and the other developed a recurrence at 18 months after a complete response. Two further patients with more extensive disease achieved a significant improvement, allowing easier treatment by laser vaporization. Although topical ALA PDT offers the advantages of tumour specificity, preservation of function and a good cosmetic result, more extensive EQ appears less responsive to this new therapeutic modality using current treatment parameters. ( info)

6/751. Gonadal histology with testicular carcinoma in situ in a 15-year-old 46,XY female patient with a premature termination in the steroidogenic acute regulatory protein causing congenital lipoid adrenal hyperplasia.

    Mutations in the steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR) gene cause congenital lipoid adrenal hyperplasia, characterized by diminished or absence of adrenal and gonadal steroids, resulting in severe adrenal insufficiency and ambiguous or complete female external genitalia in genetic males. We report on a 15-yr-old 46,XY phenotypic female, referred because of lack of pubertal development. ACTH and gonadotropin concentrations were elevated; and aldosterone, cortisol and its precursors, and sex steroids before and after stimulation were below the lower limit of detection. In the StAR gene, a homozygous nonsense mutation (TGG --> TAG) in exon 7 (W250X) was identified. Histologic examination after gonadectomy showed seminiferous tubules containing immature sertoli cells and a few single germ cells with positive placental-like alkaline phosphatase immunoreactivity, indicating carcinoma in situ. This is the first report on testicular morphology, at a pubertal age, in a female patient with 46,XY karyotype and a mutation in the StAR gene, in whom gonadal neoplasia had developed. ( info)

7/751. The potential oncogenic effect of tamoxifen on the endometrium.

    We report the case of an in-situ endometrial adenocarcinoma with severe atypical hyperplasia which developed while the patient was on tamoxifen only 1 year after endometrial resection for benign pathology. A 55-year-old woman received tamoxifen as adjuvant therapy for breast cancer treated in 1994. At that time, a benign endometrial polyp was also removed before initiating tamoxifen treatment. In 1997, endometrial resection was performed for benign pathology (atrophic cystic endometrium). In 1998, an endometrial adenocarcinoma was diagnosed. This case illustrates that endometrial resection does not protect women taking tamoxifen against subsequent development of severe atypical lesions. ( info)

8/751. Squamous carcinoma in situ of the skin containing premelanosomes, with melanocytic colonization of the tumor.

    Premelanosomes in nonmelanocytic epithelial neoplasms and "colonization" of nonmelanocytic tumors by melanocytes are two phenomena rarely documented in the literature. We report a squamous carcinoma-in-situ of skin displaying both phenomena. light microscopy showed clusters of tumor cells in the epidermis, some of which contained melanin. Dendritic melanocytes were admixed with the tumor cells. No ulceration was present. Immunoperoxidase stains for keratin showed no staining of tumor cells. Some nondendritic cells stained for HMB-45, consistent with a melanocytic lesion. Electron microscopy showed two cell types, one with desmosomes, tonofilaments, and premelanosomes and a second dendritic type with only premelanosomes. Premelanosomes were also present free in the intercellular space. These findings suggest that premelanosomes may first be discharged by melanocytes into the intercellular space and are then phagocytosed by the neoplastic cells. Thus the presence of premelanosomes in a tumor cell is not pathognomonic for melanoma or other neural crest tumors. ( info)

9/751. Ocular surface neoplasia masquerading as chronic blepharoconjunctivitis.

    PURPOSE: To present the clinical characteristics and difficulties in the diagnosis of various ocular surface malignancies mimicking features of chronic blepharoconjunctivitis and to summarize the current therapeutic approach and prognosis of patients. methods: Six patients with slowly evolving signs of persistent inflammation underwent a conjunctival biopsy after a prolonged course of medical treatment. The medical records of the patients were reviewed. RESULTS: Histopathologic examination of the biopsy specimens revealed intraepithelial squamous neoplasia (one patient), invasive squamous cell carcinoma (one patient), sebaceous carcinoma (two patients), and conjunctival lymphoma (two patients). CONCLUSION: Although uncommon, ocular surface malignancies may involve the conjunctiva diffusely and present as chronic conjunctivitis. A high index of suspicion and an early histopathologic examination are essential to not delay diagnosis. ( info)

10/751. Squamous cell carcinoma of the penis arising on lichen sclerosus et atrophicus.

    Squamous cell carcinoma of the penis arising on lichen sclerosus et atrophicus is rarely reported. A case is described in a 63-year-old man who had been diagnosed of lichen sclerosus et atrophicus 3 years before. The previously reported cases, the association of these diseases in women and men, and the possible pathogenesis are discussed. ( info)
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