Cases reported "Carcinosarcoma"

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1/483. A case report of gastric carcinosarcoma with rhabdomyosarcomatous and neuroendocrinal differentiation.

    We report herein an unusual gastric carcinosarcoma with rhabdomyosarcomatous and neuroendocrinal differentiation in a 63-year-old Japanese male. The tumor was a pedunculated large polypoid tumor (7 x 6.5 x 3.5 cm) located in the pylorus. Histologically, it invaded to the subserosa and was composed of both adenocarcinomatous and sarcomatous components. Adenocarcinomatous foci generally showed tubular to solid patterns and occupied the parts facing the gastric lumen, while the sarcomatous components showed a generally irregular and solid arrangement. There were transitions between the sarcomatous and carcinoma elements. In addition, carcinoma cells with a cord-like or trabecular arrangement similar to that seen in endocrine carcinoma expressed chromogranin a, and were mainly observed in an intermediate area between the adenocarcinomatous and sarcomatous foci. The sarcomatous areas were mainly composed of spindle cells and occasionally contained a sarcomatous component showing rhabdomyosarcomatous differentiation. This is an interesting case to consider how the variety of cell type appeared in such a type of tumor in the stomach. ( info)

2/483. carcinosarcoma, endometrial intraepithelial carcinoma and endometriosis after tamoxifen therapy in breast cancer.

    The fourth case of heterologous mesodermal tumour of the uterine corpus, that developed, years following tamoxifen therapy for breast cancer in a postmenopausal woman with no previous pelvic irradiation, is presented with coincidental endometriosis and endometrial intraepithelial carcinoma. This coincidence after tamoxifen treatment appears to be an indication for the possible carcinogenic potency of tamoxifen. ( info)

3/483. Sarcomatoid collecting duct carcinoma.

    BACKGROUND: Collecting duct carcinoma has recently been recognized as a distinct entity among renal cell carcinomas and shows aggressive clinical behavior. DESIGN: A fatal case of collecting duct carcinoma with sarcomatoid features in an 80-year-old man is described, and the results of immunohistochemistry and flow cytometric analysis are presented. RESULTS: The tumor, which was white and had infiltrating margins in the cortex and medulla, consisted of adenocarcinomatous and sarcomatous components. The adenocarcinomatous component was characterized by tubular arrangement of atypical cells with high-grade nuclear features and desmoplastic stroma. The sarcomatous component had a malignant fibrous histocytoma-like appearance. The tumor cells in the adenocarcinomatous area were positive for cytokeratin 19, ulex europaeus agglutinin I, peanut agglutinin, and soybean agglutinin. The tumor was dna diploid. The patient died of disease 3 months after diagnosis. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that sarcomatoid collecting duct carcinoma may be one of the most aggressive tumors of the kidney. ( info)

4/483. Esophageal undifferentiated carcinoma displaying marked chondroid differentiation at metastatic foci.

    A report of an unusual esophageal tumor in an 81-year-old man is presented. The primary tumor was diagnosed as undifferentiated carcinoma at biopsy and had disappeared after irradiation treatment. However, multiple metastases were noted in the brain, lungs, kidneys, adrenals and spleen at autopsy. Histologically, metastases showed marked cartilaginous metaplasia as demonstrated by light microscopy, histochemical and immunohistochemical studies, although the initial biopsy sample did not possess chondroid matrix. Furthermore, an apparent transition could be traced from carcinomatous to chondroid cells, suggesting that the chondroid cells were derived from carcinoma cells. The carcinomatous area partially showed both squamous and glandular differentiation, although they were poorly differentiated. A retrospective immunohistochemical study that used a panel of antibodies suggested a phenotypic relevance between primary and metastatic tumors. ( info)

5/483. Trousseau's syndrome with brachiocephalic vein thrombosis in a patient with uterine carcinosarcoma. A case report.

    The authors treated a patient with the previously unreported occurrence of brachiocephalic vein and superior vena cava thrombosis in association with a distantly located cancer. A 71-year-old woman presented with swelling over the right side of the neck and abdominal distension. physical examination revealed a huge mass, and computed tomography demonstrated thrombosis of the brachiocephalic vein and superior vena cava accompanied by jugular vein dilatation. No coagulation disorder was demonstrable. After anticoagulation and thrombolysis, hysterectomy was performed; microscopic examination of the specimen revealed uterine carcinosarcoma. Even though local tumor obstruction is a much more common cause of neck vein thrombosis, a distant occult cancer can present as this form of Trousseau's syndrome. In patients with otherwise unexplained neck vein thrombosis, examination not only of the head and neck but also of the abdomen and pelvis should be pursued. ( info)

6/483. carcinosarcoma of the submandibular salivary gland.

    We report a rare case of submandibular salivary gland carcinosarcoma ('true' malignant mixed tumour) which occurred in a 77-year-old man. Microscopic examination showed a neoplasm comprised of sarcomatous elements (chondrosarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma and osteosarcoma) with tabular salivary ductal adenocarcinoma. A short review of the literature is also presented and the poor prognosis of these tumours, in spite of complete surgical removal and additional radiation therapy and chemotherapy, is discussed. ( info)

7/483. Sarcomatoid carcinoma of the pancreas: a case report with immunohistochemical study.

    Sarcomatoid carcinoma of the pancreas is an uncommon neoplasm. The immunohistochemical characteristics of this unique type of pancreatic tumor were studied. Histologically, there was diffuse proliferation of atypical spindle cells that had hyperchromatic, short, spindle-shaped nuclei and pale cytoplasm. A few tiny foci of small tubular structures were seen in connection with the atypical spindle-shaped cells. Immunohistochemical examination showed that the spindle cells were positive for epithelial cell markers (cytokeratin AE3, cytokeratin AE1, epithelial membrane antigen) and DF3 (MUC1 apomucin-related antigen (ARA)), and were negative for markers such as vimentin, desmin, neuron-specific enolase, and myoglobin. DF3 antigen is known to be expressed in invasive ductal carcinoma of the pancreas and liver, as well as of the breast. Other MUC1-ARA (MY.1E12, MUC1 glycoprotein, HMFG-1, HMFG-2) and anti-CA19-9 were also detected in the present case. Thus, this tumor was diagnosed as anaplastic carcinoma (sarcomatoid carcinoma). ( info)

8/483. Esophageal sarcomas: report of three cases.

    BACKGROUND/AIMS: Sarcomas of the esophagus, including carcinosarcoma, are rare neoplasms. methods: The clinical and pathologic characteristics of 3 patients with esophageal sarcomas are presented, including the only recorded esophageal carcinosarcoma and 2 patients with leiomyosarcoma. RESULTS: All 3 patients were males who presented with dysphagia or an abnormal shadow of the mediastinum on a plain chest X-ray. Two tumors were in the middle esophagus, and the remaining one was in the distal esophagus. On endoscopic examination, all three tumors were noted to be polypoid. These patients underwent surgical excision. One patient died 7 days following the operation, and the remaining 2 patients died of liver metastasis 10 and 22 months following the treatment. CONCLUSION: esophagectomy or esophagogastrectomy is a surgical choice. Even if metastases are present, a palliative resection can still be performed. ( info)

9/483. Sarcomatoid carcinoma of the urinary bladder: 3 case reports.

    Three cases of sarcomatoid carcinoma of the urinary bladder are considered. The patients were 2 males, aged 68 and 81 years, and a 79-year-old female. Transurethral resection of the bladder tumor (TUR-BT) and consecutive radical cystectomy were performed in all patients. Local progression of bladder tumors just after TUR-BT was recognized in the 2 younger patients, each of whom died due to recurrence after radical cystectomy. Because of the extremely aggressive malignant potential of sarcomatoid carcinomas, the indications for TUR-BT should be carefully assessed and suitable therapeutic strategies should be examined further. ( info)

10/483. Primary carcinosarcoma of the skin: report of a case and review of the literature.

    BACKGROUND: carcinosarcoma is a biphasic tumor composed of intimately admixed epithelial and mesenchymal elements, both of which are malignant. Primary cutaneous involvement is extremely rare. Therefore it has been difficult to characterize the clinical course of carcinosarcoma of the skin. OBJECTIVE: To describe a further case of carcinosarcoma of the skin and to provide a review of the literature. methods: The clinical records of the patient and histopathology of the neoplasm are reviewed. In addition, the results of all previously reported cases of carcinosarcoma of the skin are compiled for reexamination. RESULTS: After complete excision of the carcinosarcoma, the patient shows no evidence of disease for 9 months. Long-term follow-up is needed because of the risk of recurrence or metastasis that may occur with this neoplasm. CONCLUSION: carcinosarcoma of the skin appears to be associated with a good prognosis when compared with similar tumors located elsewhere. Metastasis (with or without documented mortality) has been reported in 3 of 16 patients (16.7%). death from local disease has been reported in one additional patient (6.3%). However, further cases with long-term follow-up are needed in order to better understand the nature of this cutaneous neoplasm. ( info)
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