Cases reported "Cecal Neoplasms"

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1/331. Morules with biotin-containing optically clear nuclei in colonic tubular adenoma.

    Morules have been reported in pulmonary endodermal tumors (PET) resembling fetal lung, in thyroid carcinoma, and in endometrial and colonic neoplasms. A morule has biotin-containing optically clear nuclei (OCN) in PET and thyroid carcinoma. biotin-containing OCN have been also reported in endometrial tissue during pregnancy and in endometrioid carcinoma of the ovary, and it has been postulated that morules or OCN develop under the influence of female sex hormones. The authors report here the first case, to their knowledge, of morules with OCN in a colonic adenoma from a 68-year-old man. The colonic polyp consisted of ordinary tubular adenomatous tissue and morules. Many cells in the morules contained OCN. The OCN were immunopositive for biotin and reacted with streptavidin. The neoplastic cells in the morules were immunopositive for oncofetal antigens. serum levels of female sex hormones were within the normal range, and no cells in the adenoma were immunopositive for receptors for progesterone and estrogen. The results indicate that OCN are rich in biotin and that morules may be embryologically immature elements that develop independently of influence by female sex hormones. ( info)

2/331. Parietal mesh abscess as an original presentation of cancer of the caecum.

    We report a case of cancer of the caecum in a 71-year-old male who presented with parietal mesh abscess. Two years before, he was treated for a right inguinal hernia by insertion of a Dacron mesh. CT scan then colonoscopy determined the existence of a voluminous caecal tumor perforated in the abdominal wall with an important abscess around the mesh. Right colectomy and parietal muscles excision were performed completed with postoperative radiochemotherapy. At 2 years, there is no evidence of recurrence. Atypical features with a hernia mesh repair associated with a sudden change in the patient's condition should alert the clinician to the possibility of a further subjacent pathological process. ( info)

3/331. Late recurrence of a uterine clear cell adenocarcinoma confined to an endometrial polyp: case report.

    A patient with an endometrial clear cell adenocarcinoma confined to a polyp developed recurrent disease in the abdomen and pelvis four years following hysterectomy. Treatment issues related to this uncommon clinical situation are discussed. ( info)

4/331. Brief case report. Metastatic leiomyosarcoma of the liver.

    A case of metastatic leiomyosarcoma of the liver was presented. The clinical, radiological, pathologic and therapeutic aspects are mentioned. ( info)

5/331. A case of colon cancer recurrence with p-glycoprotein treated by methotrexate, fluorouracil, and leucovorin.

    A 68 year-old female underwent right hemicolectomy for an advanced cecum cancer and had been well without any evidence of recurrence for a year after surgery. Despite post-operative treatment with oral tegafur (400 mg/m2/day), CEA level increased gradually beginning 15 months after surgery. Sequential chemotherapy with methotrexate (MTX) and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), followed by leucovorin rescue (MFL) was started on an outpatient basis, and has been continued every 4 weeks since then. It consisted of MTX (100 mg/m2) and 5-FU (600 mg/m2) started 24 hours after MTX, followed by oral leucovorin (15 mg/body) started 30 hours after MTX 6 times at intervals of 6 hours. CEA level declined initially, but increased slowly for 3 years on MFL, although no evidence of recurrence was detected by imaging studies with computed tomography, ultrasound, and scintigram. Four years after surgery, a tumor recurrence developed in the abdominal wall. The patient underwent resection of the tumor, resulting in a decline of the CEA level. She has been alive and well for 5 years on MFL after the primary surgery. Both the original tumor and recurrent tumor showed immunoreactivity for p-glycoprotein. The present case demonstrates the feasibility of using MFL on an outpatient basis, and its potential to suppress the colon cancer growth with p-glycoprotein expression. ( info)

6/331. Malakoplakia of the caecum in a kidney-transplant recipient: presentation as acute tumoral perforation and fatal outcome.

    Malakoplakia is a rare pseudotumoral inflammatory disease known to affect immunocompromised subjects, mainly with a history of recurrent escherichia coli infection. The urinary tract is the most frequent site of the disease, although all organs can be involved. In the present article, we report a case of malakoplakia of the caecum, that developed in a 52-year-old man, who had received a kidney transplant 9 years before and had a history of recurrent E. coli urinary tract infections. Malakoplakia presented as acute intestinal perforation, and, despite aggressive surgical and medical management, disease progressed toward a fatal outcome due to sepsis and multiple organ failure 9 months later. A defect in the macrophagic activity was demonstrated. ( info)

7/331. Successful resection of cecal hepatic metastasis extending into the right side of the heart under cardiopulmonary bypass.

    Resection is the best hope for the cure of colorectal metastasis to the liver. However, surgery is indicated for only a few patients, especially those who have major vascular involvement. We report a 55-year-old woman with a liver metastasis from the cecum that showed a tumor thrombus in the right side of the heart. She had undergone laparoscopic right hemicolectomy for cecal cancer 6 months before, and presented with a palpable mass in the epigastrium. Abdominal ultrasonography, computed tomography, hepatic angiogram, and echocardiography showed a huge mass on the left lobe of the liver, with a tumor thrombus which extended to the right ventricle through the left hepatic vein and inferior vena cava. Tumor thrombectomy, through a right atriotomy, was success-fully performed under cardiopulmonary bypass, followed by left hepatic lobectomy. The patient's postoperative course was uneventful. ( info)

8/331. Mucosal carcinoma within a colonic diverticulum.

    We report a case of a mucosal carcinoma and adenoma within a diverticulum in the cecum. Radiographic, endoscopic, and pathologic evaluation of the tumor is presented. Surgical resection was undertaken because of the size and shape of the lesion, risk of perforation, and the possibility of malignancy. A recent review of the literature with respect to clinical signs, diagnosis, growth of the carcinoma, and treatment of tumors around or within diverticula is also presented. A carcinoma or adenoma arising within the diverticulum is very rare. Endoscopic resection of the tumor could entail the risk of perforation, because of the lack of muscular coats in the diverticula. Surgical treatment may be the procedure of choice for lesions near or within the diverticula. ( info)

9/331. Malignant rhabdoid tumor of the colon: report of a case.

    A malignant rhabdoid tumor of the colon is very rare and only three cases have been previously described. A 76-year-old man was admitted to the hospital complaining of epigastralgia. An elastic mass was palpable in the right upper abdomen. A barium enema and endoscopic examination showed a giant gyrate tumor arising from the cecum. Abdominal ultrasonography and a computed tomography scan revealed the tumor to be located in the colon associated with multiple liver metastases and gallbladder stones. A right colectomy and cholecystectomy were thus performed. The tumor was histologically composed of sheets of large round and polygonal nuclei with vesicular chromatin, and abundant acidophilic cytoplasm, often containing hyalin-like inclusion. The cytoplasm was positive for vimentin and neuron-specific enolase, and hyaline globules of the rhabdoid tumor cells stained positive for cytokeratin in some cells. Transmission electron microscopy showed characteristic rhabdoid cells with an aggregation of intermediate filaments. A histologic diagnosis of malignant rhabdoid tumor of the colon was made. The tumor demonstrated several unusual findings for malignant rhabdoid tumors including diploidy by a flow cytometric analysis, and positive nuclear immunohistochemical staining for p53 protein and ki-67 antigen. We report herein the third known case of a pure colonic rhabdoid tumor. ( info)

10/331. Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor with extensive involvement of the bowel in a 7-year-Old child.

    We present a case of unusual localization of inflammatory fibroblastic tumor in the terminal ileum, cecum, and ascending colon in a 7-year-old child. Segmental resection of the terminal ileum, cecum, and ascending colon with a tumor mass up to 6 cm in diameter was performed. Pathohistological examination of biopsy specimen was performed on routine hematoxylin-eosin sections, as well as immunohistochemically with primary antibodies to CD3, CD20, CD68, factor viii, vimentin, smooth muscle actin, desmin, cytokeratin and S-100 protein, and k and l light chains. The tumor was composed of highly vascularized tissue with interlacing fascicles of elongated spindle cells admixed with plasma cells, histiocytes, lymphocytes, and eosinophils. The diagnosis of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor was confirmed by immunohistochemistry. Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor cannot be distinguished clinically from highly malignant neoplasm or some other conditions. Surgical resection and careful pathohistological analysis are needed, and a long-term follow-up is recommended. ( info)
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