Cases reported "Celiac Disease"

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1/649. Refractory sprue: recovery after removal of nongluten dietary proteins.

    A 44-year-old woman with diarrhea, weight loss, and a small-bowel biopsy consistent with adult celiac disease failed to improve on a gluten-free diet. Despite in-hospital supervision at two university medical centers and addition of corticosteroid therapy, diarrhea and wegith loss continued, resulting in life-threatening nutritional depletion. She was transferred to the University of chicago and made full nutritional recovery with total parenteral nutrition. Exploratory laparotomy showed no abnormality except the flat intestinal mucosal lesion. diarrhea recurred when a gluten-free diet was resumed. When the patient ate egg, chicken, or tuna alone, severe diarrhea, hypotension, cyanosis, and shock occurred. When these foods--along with gluten--were eliminated from the diet, the patient returned to oral nutrition and made a full clinical recovery. In patients with refractory sprue deletion of other dietary proteins in addition to gluten, as in the present patient, may be lifesaving. ( info)

2/649. Latent coeliac disease. Personal experience.

    Latent coeliac disease (L.C.D.) is an extremely rare condition to describe. In this study we analyzed three cases of patients affected by L.C.D.: two of them suffered from insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) and the other one from infantile cerebral palsy and eosinophilic gastroenteritis. We confirm the existence of this form of coeliac disease (C.D.), by means of duodenal biopsy, and stress the importance of an early diagnosis in order to prevent the serious consequences caused by untreated C.D. ( info)

3/649. celiac disease presenting as the Paterson-Brown Kelly (Plummer-Vinson) syndrome.

    We describe two patients with Paterson-Brown Kelly (Plummer-Vinson) syndrome whose iron deficiency anemia was due to celiac disease. They presented with dysphagia 13 and 9 yr, respectively, before celiac disease was diagnosed. Neither had gastrointestinal symptoms suggestive of malabsorption. celiac disease is a recognized cause of chronic iron deficiency and should be considered as an etiological factor for sideropenic dysphagia. ( info)

4/649. celiac disease-associated alopecia in childhood.

    We report the association of celiac disease and alopecia in 3 children. In one, the alopecia developed after 4 years' nonadherence to a gluten-free diet; the other 2 patients presented with alopecia. Administration of a gluten-free diet resulted in partial regrowth of hair in the first child and complete hair growth in the others. ( info)

5/649. Autoimmune cholangitis in a patient with celiac disease: a case report and review of the literature.

    Autoimmune cholangitis is a rare chronic cholestatic liver disease. We describe the case of a 65-year-old woman with celiac disease who presented to us with fever, jaundice and weight loss. serum biochemical study showed marked increase in alkaline phosphatase and gammaGT levels. Antinuclear antibodies were positive, while antimitochondrial and anti-smooth-muscle antibodies were negative. Liver biopsy was compatible with primary autoimmune cholangitis. The patient was successfully treated with azathioprine and methylprednisolone. We describe here the uncommon association of autoimmune cholangitis with celiac disease and review the prevalence of liver diseases in patients with celiac disease. ( info)

6/649. depression in adult untreated celiac subjects: diagnosis by the pediatrician.

    Untreated celiac disease can lead to serious behavioral disorders. We describe three adult patients with undiagnosed or untreated celiac disease without particular intestinal signs, causing persistent depressive symptoms in three of the parents of our pediatric patients. In two of the three cases, the pediatrician suspected the diagnosis when taking the family history of the children. In fact, a diagnosis of celiac disease was made during childhood, when they had intestinal symptoms, but the gluten-free diet was spontaneously interrupted during the teenage period because of the disappearance of the typical intestinal signs. In the third case the mother was tested for antiendomysium antibodies (EmA), as she had a diagnosed celiac child. In all three patients, the depressive symptoms improved quickly with a gluten-free diet. In conclusion, celiac disease should be taken into consideration in the presence of behavioral and depressive disorders, particularly if they are not responsive to the usual antidepressive therapy. ( info)

7/649. Colonic granulometry in the malabsorption syndromes.

    After transit through the small intestine barium enters the large intestine and its characteristics in that gut segment can be studied. The pattern of distribution of barium in the colon is always altered in patients with malabsorption syndromes. The physical basis for this alteration is analysed in a manner analagous to that used in soil mechanics. The dispersal of barium granules within the liquid-solid content of the colon is related to certain factors among which is the polarisation and electrical potential of barium particles. A technique using four radiographs which permits evaluation of barium dispersal in the colon - colonic granulometry - is described. Lastly, the authors point out the necessity of classical barium studies in identifying the rare anatomical anomalies that can be the starting point of a typical clinical coeliac syndrome. ( info)

8/649. Parathyroid carcinoma secondary to prolonged hyperplasia in chronic renal failure and in coeliac disease.

    The presentation of parathyroid carcinoma in patients with chronic renal failure is rare, although with improvements in life expectancy associated with this condition there have now been 12 reported cases, including the first case we report here. It has been proposed that in these cases there has been a malignant transformation of benign parathyroid hyperplastic tissue. We also report the first case of parathyroid carcinoma associated with coeliac disease and suggest that the same mechanism may be responsible. We review the presentation, diagnosis, treatment and natural history of the disease. ( info)

9/649. Persistent hypertransaminasemia as the presenting feature of celiac disease.

    Asymptomatic persistent hypertransaminasemia unrelated to hepatitis viral infection is a common cause of referral to the hepatologist. Less frequent liver diseases should then be considered, as well as extrahepatic-origin hypertransaminasemia. celiac disease, although it has repeatedly been reported as a cause of persistent hypertransaminasemia, is often not included in its differential diagnosis in the absence of the classic malabsorption syndrome. We present the cases of four patients sent to a liver unit for evaluation of persistent hypertransaminasemia in whom celiac disease was finally discovered. Our report highlights the importance of including celiac disease in list of conditions potentially responsible for chronic hypertransaminasemia of unknown cause. ( info)

10/649. Hyposplenism, antiendomysial antibodies and lymphocytic colitis in collagenous sprue.

    A 66-year-old woman was seen repeatedly over a decade to remove recurrent colonic adenomas and investigate episodes of watery diarrhea. Although the diarrhea was believed to be due to lymphocytic colitis, she developed weight loss, hypoproteinemia and hyposplenism that resulted in further studies, specifically to exclude celiac disease. Small intestinal biopsies, however, showed severely 'flattened' villous architecture with trichrome-positive subepithelial collagenous deposits, characteristic of collagenous sprue. Antiendomysial antibodies, known serological markers of celiac disease, were also detected. While collagenous sprue has been considered a distinct small intestinal disorder, the constellation of clinical and pathological findings in this patient suggests a close link with adult celiac disease. ( info)
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