Cases reported "cellulitis"

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11/787. Cutaneous tuberculosis mimicking cellulitis in an immunosuppressed patient.

    A 28-year-old lady suffering from systemic lupus erythomatosus (SLE) with diffuse proliferative glomerulonephritis (DPGN) and who was on oral cyclophosphamide and prednisolone presented with left lower limb 'cellulitis'. The 'cellulitis' of the left lower limb failed to respond to usual antibiotics which prompted evaluation of the clinical diagnosis. The diagnosis is made based on the presence of granulomas, multinucleated giant cells and acid fast bacilli on the skin biopsy. ( info)

12/787. Acute dacryocystitis as a presenting sign of pediatric leukemia.

    PURPOSE: To report acute dacryocystitis with preseptal cellulitis as the presenting sign of leukemia in a child. methods: Case report and literature review. RESULTS: During the initial evaluation of a 17-month-old child with epiphora, left lower eyelid swelling, and a tender left medial canthal mass, a complete blood cell count demonstrated pancytopenia. bone marrow biopsy disclosed replacement of normal cellular architecture with a dense infiltrate of leukocyte blast forms. dna analysis disclosed a translocation between chromosome 10 and 11, consistent with the diagnosis of nonlymphocytic leukemia. Although the adjacent lower eyelid cellulitis responded to intravenous antibiotics, lacrimal sac distention decreased only after chemotherapy was initiated. CONCLUSIONS: dacryocystitis with preseptal cellulitis can be a presenting sign of leukemia. This blood malignancy should be considered in patients whose leukocyte counts do not correlate with their clinical presentation. ( info)

13/787. orbital cellulitis as a sole symptom of odontogenic infection.

    A case of periapical infection resulting in unilateral maxillary sinusitis and cellulitis of the ipsilateral lower eyelid is presented. The sole symptom was right orbital swelling. The possible pathway for the spread of this type of infection predisposing factors and possible complications are reviewed. The value of radiographic examination and antibiotic therapy are also discussed. ( info)

14/787. Cerebral sinovenous thrombosis in the idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome in childhood.

    The idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) is a leukoproliferative disorder marked by a sustained overproduction of eosinophils and a distinct predilection to damage specific organs, especially the cardiovascular system. It is primarily a disease of middle-aged people. Occasional cases have been encountered in children. We report a case of an 11-year-old boy affected by idiopathic HES with an unusual rapidly fatal course. In addition to eosinophilic cellulitis, cerebral straight and superior sagittal sinus vein thrombosis (CVT) was evident on cranial CT. In our review of the English literature we were unable to find an association between idiopathic HES and CVT. ( info)

15/787. Odontogenic sinusitis causing orbital cellulitis.

    BACKGROUND: Odontogenic sinusitis is a well-recognized condition that usually is responsive to standard medical and surgical treatment. Current antibiotic therapy recommendations are directed against the usual odontogenic and sinus flora. CASE DESCRIPTION: The authors present a case of a patient with acute sinusitis initiated by a complicated tooth extraction that did not yield readily to standard treatment. The case was complicated by orbital extension of the sinusitis. The authors isolated methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus, or MRSA, species from the affected sinus that usually is not encountered in uncomplicated acute nonnosocomial or odontogenic sinusitis. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Though such forms of resistant microbial flora as MRSA are rare, they may be seen in patients who have a history of intravenous, or i.v., drug use and in immunocompromised patients. Management of patients with orbital extension of sinusitis requires hospitalization and i.v. antibiotic treatment. ( info)

16/787. Diffuse acute cellulitis with severe neurological sequelae. A clinical case.

    The incidence of head and neck odontogenic infections considerably diminished in the last decades due to appropriate antibiotic therapy. Herein we describe a case of acute diffuse facial cellulitis following tooth extraction in a patient with no apparent risk factor. During the acute process, injury was caused to the hypoglossal, vagal, glossopharyngeal and recurrent nerves of both sides. For this reason the patient currently has a nasogastric line for enteral feedings and a tracheotomy tube, which significantly affects his quality of life. ( info)

17/787. Pulmonary thromboembolism following calf cellulitis: report of an unusual complication of dog bite.

    We report a case of a 75-year-old woman who died of pulmonary thromboembolism following a dog bite to the calf. The bite caused laceration of the skin and gangrenous cellulitis of leg soft tissues. Six days after hospitalization, the patient died suddenly, despite early antibiotic and heparin administration. Postmortem examination revealed extensive thrombosis of the deep veins of the calf and massive thromboembolism of the main pulmonary arteries. ( info)

18/787. cricoid cartilage necrosis after arytenoidectomy in a previously irradiated larynx.

    Several open and endoscopic surgical techniques are available to provide an adequate airway for patients with bilateral vocal cord paralysis. Transoral laser arytenoidectomy has repeatedly been reported to be a reliable and effective minimally invasive procedure for airway restoration. To our knowledge, there have been no previous reports of serious complications, other than poor vocal results, aspiration, and failed decannulation in individual patients, that have resulted from this intervention. We report a case in which arytenoidectomy led to severe complications and death. Prior irradiation is suspected to be a causative factor. To prevent such an outcome, we believe that operative settings should be chosen that avoid deep thermal injury of the laryngeal framework. ( info)

19/787. Tuberculous cellulitis in a child demonstrated by magnetic resonance imaging.

    The increasing prevalence of extrapulmonary tuberculosis means that it is important for clinicians to review their knowledge of unusual presentations of mycobacterial infections. Involvement of subcutaneous tissue and skeletal muscle is rare in tuberculosis. Occasionally, infection of soft tissue may be the sole manifestation of tuberculosis. Apart from cases of tuberculous lymphadenitis, the diagnosis of extrapulmonary tuberculosis may be difficult. Modern imaging techniques, such as magnetic resonance imaging, may be helpful in making a differential diagnosis. We present here a case of tuberculous cellulitis in an immunocompetent child and discuss the contribution of MRI in diagnosis. ( info)

20/787. Persistent bacillus licheniformis bacteremia associated with an international injection of organic drain cleaner.

    In recent years manufacturers have developed several products containing saprophytic bacteria, previously believed to be of minimal pathogenicity. We describe the first case of persistent bacillus licheniformis bacteremia occurring after intentional injection of a consumer product that includes B. licheniformis spores. We postulate that these spores remained in the tissue, unaffected by antimicrobials, ultimately necessitating soft-tissue debridement of the area surrounding the injection site. On the basis of this case and a review of the literature, we submit that some consumer products contain bacteria with demonstrated pathogenicity. Manufacturers should study these bacteria in detail in order to rapidly provide information such as bacteriologic data and antimicrobial susceptibility data to clinicians. ( info)
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