Cases reported "cerebellar neoplasms"

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1/1473. Disorders in cerebellar ocular motor control. II. Macrosaccadic oscillation. An oculographic, control system and clinico-anatomical analysis.

    A distinctive cerebellar ocular motor disorder, macrosaccadic oscillation, evolved simultaneously with an acute cerebellar syndrome in 4 patients, 2 with haemorrhagic metastatic melanoma deep in the vermis, a third with a presumed cerebellar haematoma and a fourth with focal demyelinating disease. Ocular oscillations were conjugate, horizontal, symmetrical, occurred in bursts of several seconds duration, had amplitudes of 30 degrees to 50 degrees, and were evoked whenever the patient attempted to shift visual fixation or pursue a moving target. Photo-electric recordings in one patient with tumour defined features of this disorder of saccadic eye movement: (i) oscillation was composed of saccades, (ii) frequency was 2 Hz, (iii) bursts occurred with amplitude first increasing and then decreasing, (iv) intervals between beginnings of saccades averaged 260 ms and (v) eye position did not exhibit systematic drift during the intersaccadic period. These features documented the inreased gain and instability of the visually guided saccadic system. By using increased feed-forward gain in a sampled-data control model we simulated the pattern of macrosaccadic oscillation. We belive that the acute loss of the calibrator function of the cerebellum accounts for the gain abnormality underlying macrosaccadic oscillation. ( info)

2/1473. Third ventricular lesion masquerading as suprasellar disease.

    We discuss the case of a patient who presented with a bitemporal visual field disturbance thought to arise from chiasmatic compression secondary to a suprasellar mass. The patient was ultimately diagnosed with medulloblastoma with diffuse intraventricular disease. Careful review of magnetic resonance (MR) findings in this case demonstrate the apparent suprasellar mass to be within the suprachiasmatic recess of the third ventricle. The role of MR imaging in distinguishing between suprasellar disease involving the third ventricle and primary third ventricular lesions is discussed. ( info)

3/1473. Severe Lhermitte-Duclos disease with unique germline mutation of PTEN.

    Germline mutations in the PTEN gene have recently been identified in some individuals with Cowden disease (CD), Lhermitte-Duclos disease (LDD), and Bannayan-Zonana syndrome. We report on a patient with CD and LDD in whom a unique de novo germline missense mutation is present in the PTEN gene. Direct sequence analysis detected a transitional change (T-->C) at nucleotide 335, resulting in substitution of the amino acid proline for leucine. The mutation is in exon 5, which has been proposed as a "hot-spot" for germline mutations. Comparison of this patient's clinical course with the previously reported cases of CD and LDD shows more extensive and more severe clinical findings than reported previously. Findings in this patient contribute to the current understanding of germline PTEN mutations and clinical outcome. ( info)

4/1473. Transient peduncular hallucinations secondary to brain stem compression by a cerebellar pilocytic astrocytoma.

    Almost all peduncular hallucinations have been described in patients with intrinsic lesions of the midbrain. An, as yet, unreported case of peduncular hallucinosis caused by posterior compression of the midbrain by a cerebellar pilocytic astrocytoma is described. The hallucinations and associated symptoms only ceased after removal of the tumour. ( info)

5/1473. A case of laryngeal neurinoma with neurofibromatosis 2.

    We present a case of a laryngeal neurinoma in a patient with neurofibromatosis 2. A 39-year-old man presented to our hospital with multiple complaints including progressive bilateral hearing loss, dizziness, dyspnea, dysphagia, and a 9-year history of right lower leg weakness. magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated multiple lesions including bilateral cerebellopontine angle tumors, a foremen magnum tumor, multiple tumors of the spinal cord, a laryngeal tumor, and several retrocervical tumors. Fiberoptic laryngoscopy revealed a large submucosal supraglottic tumor. The laryngeal tumor was visualized through microlaryngoscopy and excised with a KTP laser directed through a quartz fiber. ( info)

6/1473. hemangioblastoma mimicking tentorial meningioma: preoperative embolization of the meningeal arterial blood supply--case report.

    A 72-year-old male presented with a primary hemangioblastoma of the posterior fossa with unusual dural attachment and meningeal arterial blood supply from the external carotid artery and marginal tentorial artery. Preoperative embolization facilitated complete resection of the tumor with no resultant neurological deficit. hemangioblastoma must be included in the differential diagnosis of tumors with dural involvement. Preoperative embolization is very useful in such tumors. ( info)

7/1473. Lhermitte-Duclos disease as a component of Cowden's syndrome. Case report and review of the literature.

    In recent years, 16 cases involving the association between Lhermitte-Duclos disease (LDD), which is a hamartomatous overgrowth of cerebellar tissue, and Cowden's syndrome (CS), an autosomal-dominant condition characterized by multiple hamartomas and neoplasias, have been reported. LDD may be one of the manifestations of CS. Recently, mutations of the PTEN/MMAC 1 gene, a tumor suppressor gene, have been found in families with CS, including four patients in whom LDD was diagnosed. The authors present a case of LDD in a 53-year-old woman who also had the typical mucocutaneous lesions found in CS, as well as goiter and intestinal polyposis. In this case, CS had never been suspected until the diagnosis of LDD was made. The mutation detected in the PTEN/MMAC 1 gene as well as neuropathological results are described. ( info)

8/1473. Intracranial germ cell tumors in children with and without down syndrome.

    PURPOSE: Two Chinese children with down syndrome affected by intracranial germ cell tumors are described. Because they represent two of eight affected patients in the current series from 1990 to 1996, it is postulated that such occurrence may be more than a coincidental event. patients AND methods: Two children with down syndrome developed germ cell tumors in atypical intracranial sites that affected basal ganglion and cerebellum. The pathology showed germinoma and yolk sac tumor, respectively. These were treated by radical surgical resection and chemotherapy with cisplatin, etoposide, and bleomycin, but without radiotherapy. RESULTS: One patient survived 3 years without radiologic evidence of tumor. The other died from infective complications caused by severe myelosuppression after chemotherapy. CONCLUSIONS: Subtle neurologic manifestations in developmentally handicapped patients with intracranial space-occupying lesions could result in delayed diagnosis. Children with down syndrome suffering from brain tumors may have a higher chance for germ cell tumors. Assay for alpha-fetoprotein and beta-human chorionic gonadotrophin could hasten diagnosis in some cases. This observation and review of literature suggest an increased risk of developing intracranial germ cell tumors in subjects with down syndrome. ( info)

9/1473. Cicatricial fibromatosis mimics metastatic medulloblastoma.

    Cicatricial fibromatoses usually occur in the anterior abdominal wall or in the extremities, but rarely in the scalp or the soft tissues of the neck. We report a case of desmoid fibromatosis that developed in a 15-year-old boy 8 months after surgery for cerebellar medulloblastoma. ( info)

10/1473. Spontaneous regression of a residual pineal tumor after resection of a cerebellar vermian germinoma.

    A case of multiple intracranial germ cell tumor in which a pineal tumor regressed spontaneously after resection of the cerebellar mass is reported. Immunohistochemical staining of the cerebellar mass showed that most of the infiltrating lymphocytes were positive for CD3 and CD8. The anti-Ki-67 monoclonal antibody MIB-1 staining of the resected tumor revealed a high MIB-1 positivity ratio (36.1%) among the large tumor cells, and TUNEL staining demonstrated that positivity in up to 6% of the tumor cells. Possible mechanisms responsible for this spontaneous regression including immunological responses and apoptosis induced by T lymphocytes are discussed. ( info)
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