Cases reported "Chickenpox"

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1/505. Accentuated viral exanthems in areas of inflammation.

    Types of lesions and patterns of distribution aid in the recognition of viral exanthems. Varicella and hand-foot-and-mouth disease can appear atypically in areas of inflammation. We describe 5 cases of morphologically altered exanthems that localized early and preferentially to areas of inflammation. ( info)

2/505. chickenpox pneumonia: case report and literature review.

    The incidence of primary chickenpox infection in young adults appears to be rising in the UK and other developed countries. The infection is more severe in adults than in children and complications, including pneumonia, are more frequent. An illustrative case of severe chickenpox pneumonia in an immunocompetent, non-pregnant adult smoker is presented. The epidemiology and pathology of the disease is discussed and a review of current management in the emergency department and the intensive care unit is presented. Strategies for the prevention of chickenpox pneumonia are also discussed. ( info)

3/505. magnetic resonance angiography of primary varicella vasculitis: report of two cases.

    Two patients with onset of hemiparesis 3 weeks following primary varicella infection demonstrated contralateral temporal lobe and basal ganglia infarctions on magnetic resonance imaging. In both cases, magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) was performed and demonstrated flow abnormalities ipsilateral to the infarcts. Digital subtraction angiography was performed in one case; however, the findings were significantly less conspicuous than those of the MRA. MRA proved to be sensitive to the diagnosis of varicella-induced vasculitis in two consecutive cases and provided a noninvasive means of following the progression of the disease process in response to therapy. ( info)

4/505. Congenital varicella syndrome: cranial MRI in a long-term survivor.

    Congenital varicella syndrome is a rare disorder which follows maternal infection in the first or early second trimester. The syndrome comprises a number of malformations including microcephaly, cortical destruction and limb hypoplasia. We describe a case where there has been long-term survival following second trimester maternal infection. The clinical findings, including the characteristic lower limb hypoplasia, are documented, as are the appearances on cranial MRI indicating an encephaloclastic porencephaly. ( info)

5/505. prenatal diagnosis of congenital varicella syndrome and detection of varicella-zoster virus in the fetus: a case report.

    Varicella syndrome (VS) specific malformations were sonographically seen at 22 weeks and 3 days of gestation. Fetal infection was demonstrated by detection of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) dna in fetal blood and amniotic fluid by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Following therapeutic abortion, fetal infection was confirmed by detection of VZV dna in several fetal tissues and placenta, and by histopathological findings like miliary calcified necroses in fetal organs. ( info)

6/505. Acute generalized varicella zoster in the setting of preexisting generalized erythema.

    We report a 5-year-old girl who initially had generalized erythema from scarlet fever. Four days later she developed sheets of monomorphous vesicles in the areas of erythema. A Tzanck smear of a vesicle base showed multinucleated giant cells, and viral culture grew varicella zoster virus, confirming a clinical diagnosis of varicella. This case illustrates that, with a background of preexisting erythema, varicella may present in an atypical manner. ( info)

7/505. Varicella-related deaths--florida, 1998.

    During 1998, the florida Department of health (FDH) reported to CDC six fatal cases of varicella (chickenpox). FDH investigated all death certificates for 1998 with any mention of varicella as a contributory or underlying cause. Eight deaths were identified; two were reclassified as disseminated herpes zoster and six were related to varicella, for an annual varicella death rate of 0.4 deaths per million population. Two deaths occurred in children and four in adults; none had received varicella vaccine. The infection source was identified for three cases; two adults acquired varicella from children in the home, and one child acquired varicella from a classmate. One infection source was known to be unvaccinated; the other two were presumed to be unvaccinated. This report summarizes these varicella deaths and recommends prevention strategies. ( info)

8/505. Neonatal varicella: varicella zoster immunoglobulin (VZIG) does not prevent disease.

    Two infants with severe varicella are reported. They received varicella zoster immunoglobulin (VZIG) without concurrent information to parents or carers regarding further care. In both these cases there was a three day delay between the onset of symptoms and initiation of aciclovir. This delay was due to lack of awareness of the high risk of varicella in these infants. Infants born to mothers with onset of chickenpox 4 days before to 2 days after delivery are at risk of fatal varicella, despite the use of VZIG prophylaxis. ( info)

9/505. Primary disseminated varicella presenting as an acute abdomen.

    We report a patient admitted with acute abdominal pain initially thought to be due to pancreatitis of unclear etiology. Later during his hospitalization he was diagnosed with primary varicella infection. The association between varicella and systemic multiorgan disease needs to be recognized in both immunocompetent and immunocompromised patients. A prompt diagnosis prevents delay in the treatment of varicella, as well as in monitoring for and preventing complications of disseminated infection. ( info)

10/505. Remission of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis with varicella infection.

    This report describes 2 children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) poorly responsive to therapy. Both patients experienced dramatic improvement in their arthritis coincident with acute, uncomplicated varicella infection. Although remission of JRA has been associated with other viral infections, this phenomenon has not been previously reported with varicella infection. ( info)
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