Cases reported "Cholecystolithiasis"

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1/17. Ascending colon cancer with hepatic metastasis and cholecystolithiasis in a patient with situs inversus totalis without any expression of UVRAG mRNA: report of a case.

    situs inversus totalis refers to an inverted position of part or all of the viscera, which represents a mirror-image of the normal location, and it is a relatively rare condition that occurs in one in 4,000-8,000 people in japan. We herein report a patient demonstrating a combination of situs inversus totalis, colon cancer with hepatic metastasis, and cholecystolithiasis, who was treated surgically. We found no expression of UVRAG mRNA in our case, thus suggesting that the UVRAG gene is partly responsible for this condition. ( info)

2/17. Acute biliary pancreatitis in a 9-year-old child treated with endoscopic sphincterotomy.

    Acute biliary pancreatitis is a well recognized complication of gallstone disease in adults. Acute pancreatitis in childhood is usually caused by congenital anomalies of the pancreatico-biliary ducts, viral infections, drug toxicity or abdominal trauma. We report the case of a 9-year-old girl with acute biliary pancreatitis and cholangitis. On urgent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography a bulging papilla with impacted stone was seen. She was treated with endoscopic sphincterotomy without complications. The disease resolved rapidly and uneventfully after the endoscopic treatment. ( info)

3/17. campylobacter jejuni: unusual cause of cholecystitis with lithiasis. Case report and literature review.

    A 51-year-old man presented with acute cholecystitis and the routine intraoperative culture of the bile grew campylobacter jejuni. The patient was cured by laparoscopic cholecystectomy without specific antimicrobial treatment. cholecystitis owing to Campylobacter spp. could be missed because a culture for Campylobacter is not routinely requested nor is it cost effective to look for it in bile or gallbladder specimens. Moreover, the fastidious nature of these bacteria dictates against their recovery in routine culture. Because this is a rare infection at this site, a review of the literature on this infection is included. ( info)

4/17. Symptomatic cholecystolithiasis after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

    A 45-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital complaining of upper abdominal pain. Seven months earlier a laparoscopic cholecystectomy had been carried out and a solitary gallstone removed together with the gallbladder. The patient now suffered from pain of the same character but lower intensity compared to the situation before the operation. At admission there were no abnormal laboratory findings, especially no signs of infection or cholestasis. Ultrasound revealed a stone in a gallbladder-like structure in the right epigastric region. ERCP revealed an inconspicuous cystic duct stump and no pathological findings in the extra- and intrahepatic bile ducts. MRCP and CT showed a cyst-like structure in the gallbladder region containing a concrement. The patient was transferred to the Department of Surgery for exploratory laparotomy, and a residual gallbladder with an infundibular gallstone was removed. The recurrent upper abdominal pain was obviously caused by a gallstone redeveloped after incomplete laparoscopic gallbladder resection. Retrospectively it could not be discerned whether a doubled or a septated gallbladder was the reason for the initial incomplete resection. ( info)

5/17. Cholelithoptysis: an unusual delayed complication of laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

    We report the case of a 54-year old woman who presented with a persistent right lower lobe pneumonia followed by cholelithoptysis, 11 months after a laparoscopic cholecystectomy. It is postulated that this was a result of the formation of a subphrenic abscess secondary to intraoperative spillage of gallstones. It is concluded that spillage of gallstones at laparoscopic cholecystectomy is not as benign as previously thought and that efforts to prevent spillage should include scrupulous operative technique, especially in the presence of gallbladder inflammation, and especial care when removing the gallbladder from the abdominal cavity. ( info)

6/17. Axillary lymph node metastasis following resection of abdominal wall laparoscopic port site recurrence of gallbladder cancer.

    abdominal wall port site recurrence of gallbladder cancer is well described in the literature in patients that have undergone laparoscopic cholecystectomy with the incidental finding of a gallbladder cancer. The etiology and consequences of this type of metastatic recurrence are unclear. This report describes two cases with the unique sequelae of the interval development of nodal metastases to the axillary lymph nodes following resection of an abdominal wall laparoscopic port site recurrence of gallbladder cancer. The first case involves a patient who developed an isolated left axillary lymph node metastasis approximately 10 months after undergoing resection of a left-sided abdominal wall port site recurrence for a T2 gallbladder cancer. The original tumor had been found at laparoscopic cholecystectomy and definitively treated surgically approximately 3 years earlier. The second case involves a patient who developed isolated nodal metastases to the right axillary lymph nodes approximately 4 months after undergoing resection of right-sided abdominal wall port site recurrence, segment 4/5 hepatic resection, and portal lymphadenectomy for a T2 gallbladder cancer. This tumor had originally been found at laparoscopic cholecystectomy approximately 1 year earlier. These unique sequelae of the interval development of nodal metastases to the axillary lymph nodes demonstrated in both cases has not been previously reported. ( info)

7/17. Laparoscopic triple cholecystectomy.

    gallbladder triplication is an unusual congenital biliary malformation, and its laparoscopic management has not been described. We report the 11th case of gallbladder triplication and the first successfully treated with laparoscopic cholecystectomy. We consider the procedure reliable and safe, after proper identification of the common biliary duct. ( info)

8/17. gallbladder reefing for cholelithiasis as a complication of colon cancer.

    In an 83-year-old woman presenting with gallstones and a cancer in the sigmoid colon, resection was performed through a median incision, after which the wound was extended, the stones were crushed, and the gallbladder was infolded and sutured (reefed). Even in elderly patients, some treatment for bile stones should be done at abdominal section to avoid future cholecystitis or complications. Reefing is a useful technique that can be done easily from a comparatively narrow field of view. ( info)

9/17. Retained common bile duct stone as a consequence of a fundus-first laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

    The fundus-first technique for laparoscopic cholecystectomy provides an alternative to the conventional dissection technique in patients at high risk for conversion to open cholecystectomy or at risk for bile duct injury. We report the complication of a retained common bile duct (CBD) stone after utilizing this technique. Intraoperative cholangiography (IOC) was not performed due to the concern for causing CBD injury in a patient with significant periductal inflammation and no risk factors for CBD stones. Following discharge, the patient developed scleral icterus 3 days later and returned for evaluation. He required endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography for removal of a CBD stone. None of the four series reporting on this technique have described this complication. It should now be recognized that there is a risk of displacing a gallstone into the CBD in utilizing this technique. This report highlights the importance of intraoperative imaging of the CBD when using this technique, even in patients considered to be at low risk for having CBD stones. If IOC is considered hazardous, then intraoperative ultrasound should be the modality of choice. ( info)

10/17. Simultaneous laparoscopic treatment for diseases of the gallbladder, stomach, and colon.

    We describe a successful simultaneous laparoscopic treatment of a gallstone and gastric and colonic neoplasms. The patient was a 72-year-old man with epigastric discomfort. Abdominal ultrasound revealed a gallstone 2 cm in diameter. gastroscopy revealed a 3-cm protruding submucosal tumor in the gastric fundus and colonoscopy revealed a 2-cm sessile lesion in the sigmoid colon. He underwent simultaneous laparoscopic treatment of the 3 organs because of the high risk of perforation or bleeding after gastric or colonic resection. This required the use of 5 ports, and a 3.5-cm incision was made in the left lower quadrant to access the 3 organs. The laparoscopic procedures consisted of cholecystectomy, partial stapled resection of the gastric fundus, and partial resection of the sigmoid colon. The histopathologic diagnoses were chronic cholecystitis, leiomyoma of the stomach, and tubulovillous adenoma with severe dysplasia of the colon. The operation took 183 minutes and blood loss was minimal. The patient started oral intake from the second postoperative day and was discharged uneventfully. He had from no postoperative complications or abdominal symptoms during a 15-month follow-up period. To our knowledge, this is a first successful clinical report of simultaneous laparoscopic treatment of 3 organ disorders. ( info)
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