Cases reported "Chondromatosis"

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1/8. Multiple chondromatous hamartomas of the lung: a case report and review of the literature with special reference to Carney syndrome.

    BACKGROUND: Multiple chondromatous hamartomas of the lung, which are very rare, are a feature of Carney syndrome. The relation between the two entities is not clear. methods: A patient with multiple chondromatous hamartomas of the lung is described in this article. The literature was reviewed with special reference to the relation between multiple chondromatous hamartomas of the lung and Carney syndrome as well as the triad of gastric epithelioid leiomyosarcoma, functioning extra-adrenal paraganglioma, and pulmonary chondroma. RESULTS: A total of 15 cases of multiple chondromatous hamartomas of the lung have been published worldwide. Two cases exhibited two other features of Carney syndrome, namely, gastric leiomyogenic neoplasms and extra-adrenal paragangliomas, and three other cases demonstrated only gastric leiomyomatous neoplasms. These five patients were all young females. CONCLUSIONS: Some patients with multiple chondromatous hamartomas of the lung have a history of Carney syndrome. patients with multiple chondromatous hamartomas require further examination of other sites, particularly the stomach and nervous system. ( info)

2/8. Fine-needle aspiration diagnosis of synovial chondromatosis of the tibiofibular joint.

    We report a case of synovial chondromatosis of the tibiofibular joint in a 25-year-old woman that was diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration (FNA). The patient presented with pain in the left knee and a mass in the popliteal fossa. Synovial chondromatosis usually presents with joint symptoms and is often associated with intra-articular loose bodies, whereas presentation as a soft tissue mass is unusual and may raise the clinical suspicion of malignant neoplasm. The diagnosis is commonly confirmed by histopathologic examination of biopsy or excision of the specimen. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of synovial chondromatosis of a large joint successfully diagnosed by FNA. Two cases of synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint have been reported in which the diagnosis was suspected on the basis of FNA. In both these cases, the final diagnosis was established by histopathology of the excised specimens. ( info)

3/8. Synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint.

    We report two cases of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) synovial chondromatosis, one of which was in the early stage and treated arthroscopically. The second was more advanced and recurred after removal of the free bodies, and so required condylectomy and synovectomy. ( info)

4/8. Synovial chondromatosis in the temporomandibular joint complicated by displacement and calcification of the articular disk: report of two cases.

    Two cases of synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) are presented, including correlation of CT and MR imaging characteristics with surgical and pathologic findings. The usefulness of CT and MR imaging in the diagnosis of TMJ disorders is discussed. ( info)

5/8. Multifocal tracheal chondromata.

    Chondromata of the trachea occur rarely. There are only 10 prior case reports in the literature, all of which have been of unifocal chondromata. We present the first case report, to our knowledge, of multifocal tracheal chondromata in a patient with laryngopharyngeal reflux. Evaluation, diagnosis, and management are discussed. ( info)

6/8. Symptomatic laryngeal nodular chondrometaplasia: a clinicopathological study.

    A 41 year old man with a history of politrauma presented with a nodular mass of the left false vocal cord, associated with progressive dysphonia, dyspnoea, and dysphagia. A computed tomography scan of the neck region showed a rounded and circumscribed mass without infiltration of the surrounding tissues. Histological investigation of the nodule revealed the presence of fibroelastic cartilaginous tissue, surrounded by a thin rim of fibrous tissue, with rare hypercellular areas, occasional binucleated cells, slight hyperchromasia, and an irregular nuclear profile. Mitotic activity was absent. The patient's history of laryngeal trauma, with the subsequent progressive onset of clinical symptoms, helps to distinguish the chondrometaplastic nature of this nodule from true laryngeal cartilaginous tumours, such as chondroma and low grade chondrosarcoma. ( info)

7/8. Familial occurrence of multiple cutaneous chondromas.

    True cutaneous chondromas are rare lesions with an uncertain pathogenesis. We report an unusual case of a patient with multiple cutaneous chondromas of the face. One of the patient's siblings, a brother, and that brother's son had similar facial lesions. We conclude that this familial pattern suggests an autosomal dominant mode of transmission. ( info)

8/8. Gastric leiomyoblastoma associated with extraadrenal paraganglioma and pulmonary chondroma: a new case of Carney's triad.

    Carney's triad is extremely rare. The authors report on a 12-year-old patient who had gastric epithelioid leiomyosarcoma, multiple pulmonary chondroma, and mediastinal paraganglioma. Thirty-five other cases are reviewed and analyzed. ( info)

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