Cases reported "Choroid Plexus Neoplasms"

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1/138. dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans in an infant with a history of choroid plexus papilloma.

    We describe an infant with a dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) who also had a choroid plexus papilloma. This report underscores the occurrence of DFSP in this age group and may support a neural pathogenesis of this tumor. ( info)

2/138. Imaging features of intraventricular melanoma.

    We present the MR imaging findings in a patient with symptoms of increased intracranial pressure and a mass in the left lateral ventricle. The mass showed increased signal intensity on T1-weighted images and low signal intensity on T2-weighted images. The histologic diagnosis was that of melanoma, and detailed physical and funduscopic examinations disclosed no evidence of a primary lesion. We believe that the mass was a primary intraventricular melanoma, possibly arising from the choroid plexus, and we discuss the mechanisms that may be responsible for its occurrence in this location. ( info)

3/138. choroid plexus papilloma of cerebellopontine angle with extension to foramen magnum.

    A case of choroid plexus papilloma resembling meningioma of cerebellopontine (CP) angle with its extension to foramen magnum is presented. Occurrence of this tumour in CP angle is very rare. Its extension towards foramen magnum is further rare. It was a real diagnostic enigma preoperatively as the tumour was resembling meningioma upto some extent on radiological study. Retromastoid craniectomy with microsurgical excision of tumour and its extension was achieved in toto. Tumour was attached to few rootlets of lower cranial nerves which were preserved. Attachment of the tumour with lower cranial nerves again caused diagnostic confusion with neurofibroma intraoperatively. ( info)

4/138. Chordoid glioma of the third ventricle: confirmatory report of a new entity.

    The term "chordoid glioma" was recently introduced to denote a circumscribed, apparently low-grade neoplasm arising in or preferentially involving the third ventricle of middle-aged women. We report biopsy and postmortem findings in a 60-year-old woman with symptoms of forgetfulness, headache, and lethargy. neuroimaging showed a contrast-enhancing third ventricular mass with obstructive hydrocephalus. The tumor was subtotally resected. Microscopically, it consisted of clusters and strands of epithelioid cells in a mucoid matrix. Its margins were remarkably discrete and showed little tendency to infiltrate surrounding brain parenchyma. The majority of neoplastic cells were glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and vimentin positive, whereas S100 protein labeled only individual cells. Stains for epithelial membrane antigen (EMA) and cytokeratin were nonreactive. There was no evidence of neuroendocrine differentiation or expression of estrogen and progesteron receptors. Lymphoplasmacellular infiltrates were noted throughout the lesion and at the tumor-brain interface. The MIB-1 labeling index averaged 1.5%. At present, chordoid glioma is considered a glial neoplasm of uncertain histogenesis with distinct clinicopathologic features. ( info)

5/138. Chordoid glioma of the third ventricle: immunohistochemical and molecular genetic characterization of a novel tumor entity.

    Chordoid glioma of the third ventricle was recently reported as a novel tumor entity of the central nervous system with characteristic clinical and histopathological features (Brat et al., J Neuropathol Exp Neurol 57: 283-290, 1998). Here, we report on a histopathological, immunohistochemical and molecular genetic analysis of five cases of this rare neoplasm. All tumors were immunohistochemically investigated for the expression of various differentiation antigens, the proliferation marker Ki-67, and a panel of selected proto-oncogene and tumor suppressor gene products. These studies revealed a strong expression of GFAP, vimentin, and CD34. In addition, most tumors contained small fractions of neoplastic cells immunoreactive for epithelial membrane antigen, S-100 protein, or cytokeratins. The percentage of Ki-67 positive cells was generally low (<5%). All tumors showed immunoreactivity for the epidermal growth factor receptor and schwannomin/merlin. There was no nuclear accumulation of the p53, p21 (Waf-1) and Mdm2 proteins. To examine genomic alterations associated with the development of chordoid gliomas, we screened 4 tumors by comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) analysis. No chromosomal imbalances were detected. More focussed molecular genetic analyses revealed neither aberrations of the TP53 and CDKN2A tumor suppressor genes nor amplification of the EGFR, CDK4, and MDM2 proto-oncogenes. Our data strongly support the hypothesis that chordoid glioma of the third ventricle constitutes a novel tumor entity characterized by distinct morphological and immunohistochemical features, as well as a lack of chromosomal and genetic alterations commonly found in other types of gliomas or in meningiomas. ( info)

6/138. June 1999--22 year old female with intraventricular mass.

    A 22 year old female presented with a single seizure. CT scan and craniotomy demonstrated an intraventricular papillary tumor with histologic and immunohistochemical features indicative of a choroid plexus carcinoma. Even though the occurrence of this neoplasm is exceptional beyond childhood, pathologists should considered a malignant choroid plexus tumor when postulating the differential diagnosis of intraventricular papillary neoplasms in adults. ( info)

7/138. Volumetric reduction of a choroid plexus carcinoma using preoperative chemotherapy.

    We report for the first time a measured volumetric reduction of a choroid plexus carcinoma utilizing preoperative chemotherapy. Histologically proven choroid plexus carcinoma was diagnosed in a fifteen month old female. She was treated with three courses of chemotherapy including etoposide (VP16), cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and cisplatin. Computer-assisted three dimensional reconstruction of the tumor volume was performed prior to and after three courses of chemotherapy. An overall reduction of 29.5% of tumor volume was accomplished preoperatively. Staged surgical procedures resulted in a complete resection of her lesion and she has remained disease-free for 31 months. A volumetric measurement as a response to preoperative chemotherapy may prove valuable in determining future optimal treatment regimens for choroid plexus carcinoma of childhood. ( info)

8/138. adult choroid plexus papilloma of the posterior fossa mimicking a hemangioblastoma. Case report.

    The authors report a case of cystic choroid plexus papilloma that originated in the posterior fossa. No connection with the ventricular system was found intraoperatively. Magnetic resonance (MR) and computerized tomography imaging did not furnish a diagnosis, but findings of pathological examinations were consistent with those of choroid plexus papilloma. The authors describe the different appearances of the tumor on MR images and discuss the differential diagnosis with other tumors of the posterior fossa. ( info)

9/138. A case of subcortical meningioma.

    Subcortical meningioma, which has been reported as meningioma without dural attachment, a cerebral subcortical lesion, is extremely rare. Very few findings of radiological examination of subcortical meningioma have been described. Pre-operative differentiation of this lesion is generally difficult. We characterize the peritum oural oedema adjacent to the meningioma in this region, and we suggest that radiological findings of peritum oural oedema contribute to differential diagnosis of subcortical meningiomas. ( info)

10/138. choroid plexus metastasis from carcinoma of the bladder: case report and review of the literature.

    We present here a case report of a 40-year old male with adenocarcinoma of the bladder and solitary metastasis to the choroid plexus of the right lateral ventricle. This is the first such report of such a metastasis in association with bladder carcinoma. Systemic metastases frequently occur in patients with carcinoma of the bladder but involvement of central nervous system is relatively uncommon: less than 1% of patients with carcinoma of the bladder present an intracerebral metastasis. In the majority of cases there are either multiple CNS metastases or other distant metastases. A few cases present with solitary metastases to the CNS without evidence of recurrent or disseminated disease. ( info)
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