Cases reported "clubfoot"

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1/199. Regional anesthesia for clubfoot surgery in children.

    In children, general anesthesia is usually chosen as the primary technique during lower extremity orthopedic procedures. Certain situations or underlying conditions may be present, however, that make the conduct of general anesthesia more difficult or even relatively contraindicated. We present 10 patients with underlying conditions or circumstances that may increase the risk of general anesthesia. Regional anesthesia (spinal or epidural) was used to provide surgical anesthesia, thereby eliminating the need for general anesthesia. The techniques used and the applications of regional anesthesia during orthopedic procedures in children are discussed. ( info)

2/199. Musculoskeletal manifestations of the Antley-Bixler syndrome.

    The Antley-Bixler syndrome is a rare disorder with many musculoskeletal anomalies that demand orthopedic assessment. The syndrome includes skeletal, craniofacial, and urogenital anomalies. The most common skeletal deformities are radiohumeral synostosis, craniosynostosis, multiple joint contractures, and arachnodactyly. Other orthopedic manifestations that may occur are femoral bowing, ulnar bowing, camptodactyly, synostoses of carpal and tarsal bones, clubfoot, vertebral body anomalies, perinatal fractures, and advanced skeletal age. The inheritance pattern is thought to be autosomal recessive. A patient with this syndrome is described, which is the 18th of 24 reports published in the world literature. This case is compared with the other reported cases. ( info)

3/199. Unilateral tibial hemimelia with leg length inequality and varus foot: external fixator treatment.

    A 15-year-old girl with type II unilateral hemimelia presented with a 13.5-cm shortening of her right leg, absence of the distal half of the tibia, tibiofibular synostosis, and medial dislocation of a cavus and varus foot. She was treated by means of an external fixator. The shortening was significantly corrected, and realignment of the foot with the limb was achieved. An arthrodesis of the talus and lower end of the fibula was carried out operatively and stabilized with an external fixator. In the same surgical procedure, we performed an osteotomy of the tibiofibular synostosis, and progressive distraction was done with another external fixator. We emphasize the advantages of progressive distraction for the correction of congenital deformities of the limbs. ( info)

4/199. Confirmation of arterial deficiencies in a limb with necrosis following clubfoot surgery.

    This study describes postoperative necrosis of the hallux and first ray in a child with clubfoot. Arteriography performed on this child's lower limbs demonstrated, in the operated leg, hypoplasia of both the anterior and posterior tibial arteries and failure of the dorsalis pedis artery to traverse the tarsus and complete the deep plantar arch. Previously, congenital vascular deficiency was suggested to predispose such operated limbs to necrosis. These findings confirm the association between vascular deficiency and necrosis. In this present study, the metabolic demands of wound healing were sufficient in a limb with vascular deficiency to cause localized distal hypoperfusion leading to cyanosis and necrosis of the hallux and medial foot. ( info)

5/199. Melnick-needles syndrome.

    A 10-year-old female with a generalized bone dysplasia was found to have a rare condition, Melnick-needles syndrome. Characteristic clinical features of this syndrome include exophthalmos, hypertelorism, micrognathia, malaligned teeth, and large ears in a person with multiple bone deformities. In addition to the usual characteristic clinical findings, sclerocornea and cornea plana were also present in this patient. This is the first case of Melnick-needles syndrome reported in the ophthalmological literature and the first case reported with ophthalmological findings other than exophthalmos and strabismus. ( info)

6/199. Characterization of a small supernumerary ring marker derived from chromosome 2 by forward and reverse chromosome painting.

    A small ring-shaped supernumerary marker chromosome (SMC) was detected in 50% of metaphase cells in an 18-month-old boy with mental retardation and multiple congenital anomalies. Conventional cytogenetic methods had failed to identify the origin of the marker. When the patient was age 11.5 years, we defined the origin of the SMC by fluorescence in situ hybridization using a battery of centromere-specific dna probes. The marker was positive with the probe for locus D2Z. More detailed characterization was achieved by using chromosome 2 arm-specific and marker-specific DNA libraries, which were constructed by microdissection of the two arms chromosome 2 and SMC with subsequent amplification of the chromosomal material by a degenerate oligonucleotide-primed polymerase chain reaction (DOP-PCR). The marker was identified as r(2)(p11.2-->q14.1). The propositus had dolichocephaly, coarse hair, low-set ears, exophthalmos, epicanthal folds, strabismus, depressed nasal bridge, high-arched palate, excess of skin on the neck, tapered fingers with mild clinodactyly, talipes varus on the right, inguinal hernia, hypogenitalism, muscular hypotonia, and mental retardation. This is the first case of SMC derived from chromosome 2 that was characterized by forward and reverse chromosome painting. ( info)

7/199. The Richieri-Costa and Pereira form of acrofacial dysostosis: first case in a non-Brazilian infant.

    We report on a French boy with cleft mandible, pre/postaxial hand anomalies, and clubfoot born to consanguineous parents. These findings are comparable to those of previous cases of the autosomal recessive Richieri-Costa and Pereira syndrome of short stature, Robin sequence, cleft mandible, pre/postaxial hand anomalies, and clubfoot. This is the first case in a non-Brazilian infant. ( info)

8/199. Laurin-Sandrow syndrome--a surgical challenge.

    We describe the sixth reported case of Laurin-Sandrow syndrome. This spectrum of congenital abnormalities includes complex syndactyly, often associated with ulnar duplication, mirror feet and columella deformities. We discuss Laurin-Sandrow syndrome and report on its surgical management. ( info)

9/199. Down's syndrome presented with clubfoot deformity: a case report.

    A 1 month old girl was referred to the orthopaedic clinic with bilateral clubfoot deformities. At birth, clinical examination showed the typical characters of Down's syndrome and the diagnosis was confirmed by chromosome study. These two conditions appear improbable as their basic pathologies are entirely different. In our patient, the translocation type at the long arm of chromosome 21 was determined in the chromosome study. This result has never been reported in the literature. ( info)

10/199. Psychogenic equinovarus: the importance of recognition and non-operative treatment.

    Although the potential for musculoskeletal symptoms in hysteric conversion disorder was recognized by Sigmund Freud, reports of it in the orthopaedic literature have been limited to upper extremity manifestations. This study reports 3 cases which illustrate hysteric conversion presenting as primary foot and ankle complaints. Given its relative rarity, it is a diagnosis that is easy to miss. Clinical clues to its diagnosis and accepted methods of treatment are discussed. It is important to realize that this condition arises from an unconscious conflict and does not represent a voluntary falsification of symptoms. As such, confrontational treatment is not generally successful. ( info)
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