Cases reported "Colonic Neoplasms"

Filter by keywords:

Retrieving documents. Please wait...

1/2147. Primary carcinoma of the colon and hyperlipemia: a paraneoplastic syndrome.

    The human counterpart of the association of hyperlipidemia with cancer is rare, as compared with the relative frequency of the syndrome in experimental animals. A case is presented of adenocarcinoma of the colon with a non casual relationship between the presence and the progression of the tumor and hyperlipemia. Surgical resection and antiblastic chemotherapy moreover seemed to influence the metabolic anomaly. ( info)

2/2147. Primary malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the ascending colon: report of a case.

    We report herein an unusual case of primary malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) of the ascending colon. A 47-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for further investigations following the discovery of a mass in the right lower quadrant of the abdomen during a medical checkup. Abdominal ultrasonography (US) and computed tomography (CT) demonstrated a mass extending to the right lateral side from the ascending colon. At laparotomy, a tumor was found originating in the ascending colon and infiltrating the right lateral peritoneum. A right hemicolectomy and partial peritoneal dissection were performed followed by an ileotransverse colostomy reconstruction. The resected specimen contained a tumor measuring 7 x 5 x 4 cm, the cut surface of which was yellowish white, and the mucosa of the colon was intact. Based on histological and immunohistochemical inspection, the tumor was diagnosed as MFH of the ascending colon. We reviewed the total 18 known cases of colorectal MFH documented in the literature including our case. After surgery, 4 of 17 patients died of local recurrence, all within 42 months, indicating that early and complete excision of tumor is essential to achieve cure. ( info)

3/2147. Carcinoma of the colon in children: a report of six new cases and a review of the literature.

    Of six children with carcinoma of the colon, none had ulcerative colitis or a family history of carcinoma of the colon or colonic polyposis. In 75 cases traced in the literature, a common early symptom of carcinoma of the colon in children is acute, crampy abdominal pain. At laparotomy for suspected appendictis, the possibility of the acute pain being due to carcinoma of the colon should be borne in mind. Otherwise the symptoms of carcinoma of the colon in children do not differ substantially from those in adults. The prognosis is unfavorable; in only 2.5% of the cases on record did the children survive 5 yr after the operation. ( info)

4/2147. Gardner's syndrome and steatocystoma multiplex. Two unusual genetically determined conditions occurring in same patient.

    A 43-year-old man is described who had Gardner's syndrome and steatocystoma multiplex. These two unusual genetically determined conditions were associated because he had inherited the Gardner's syndrome from his father and the steatocystoma multiplex from his mother. ( info)

5/2147. Metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma to the right colon manifested by gastrointestinal bleeding.

    An 82-year-old black woman with a history of hepatocellular carcinoma presented with gastrointestinal bleeding. barium enema and fibrocolonoscopy revealed a 4-cm polypoid mass at the level of the ascending colon with evidence of active bleeding. Biopsies of the lesion proved it to be metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma. Exploratory laparotomy revealed no further dissemination of the tumor, and the patient underwent an ileocolectomy. The serosal side of the colonic lesion was free from tumor, and there was no peritoneal implantation, direct extension, or lymph node involvement. This case represents an extremely rare presentation of metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma. ( info)

6/2147. Revision hip arthroplasty in patients with a history of previous malignancy.

    BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The potential association between implants and malignancy has been discussed in the literature, but never as a cause of loosening of joint arthroplasty. methods: The records of all patients who underwent revision arthroplasty at our institution between 1992 and 1995 were reviewed. RESULTS: Among 93 patients who underwent revision hip arthroplasties, 11 (11.8%) had a history of previous malignancy. At surgery, in 2 of these patients, metastasis was found to be the cause of loosening in the affected hip. CONCLUSIONS: When revision hip arthroplasty is considered, patients with a history of malignancy require attenuated pre-, intra-, and postoperative workup. Management algorithm in such cases is proposed. ( info)

7/2147. Prolonged severe 5-fluorouracil-associated neurotoxicity in a patient with dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase deficiency.

    5-fluorouracil (5-FU) is an analogue of pyrimidine nucleosides that is widely used in the treatment of head and neck, breast, ovarian, and colon cancer. stomatitis, diarrhea, dermatitis, and myelosuppression are the main toxicities of 5-FU. A less frequent side effect that is becoming more recognized is neurologic toxicity. Dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) is the rate-limiting enzyme in the catabolism of 5-FU. DPD deficiency follows an autosomal recessive pattern of inheritance, and its prevalence is estimated to be 3%. Cancer patients who are receiving 5-FU treatment and are DPD deficient can develop severe side effects. The neurologic toxicity can vary from being mild to severe and prolonged. We describe the side effects of 5-FU in a colon cancer patient who suffered severe mucositis, desquamating dermatitis, prolonged myelosuppression, and neurologic toxicity that required admission to the intensive care unit. The patient remained hospitalized for 3 months. Recovery from the side effects was complete 4 months after the last 5-FU treatment. Subsequent testing revealed that this patient has an extremely low level of DPD activity (0.015 nmol/min/mg protein; mean, 0.189 nmol/min/mg protein). Because neurologic toxicity is becoming more recognized and DPD affects the catabolism of 5-FU, we discuss management issues and the use of new DPD inhibitors. We also discuss whether screening for DPD deficiency is warranted to identify patients at risk for severe toxicities from 5-FU treatment. ( info)

8/2147. High-tech home care with a homemade twist.

    Usher's syndrome is a rare genetic condition involving hearing loss and gradual progressive blindness due to retinitis pigmentosa--a situation in which self-care at home would seem impossible. Yet innovative methods developed by a creative home care team have allowed a deaf-blind patient to self-administer infusion therapy and chemotherapy in the home setting. ( info)

9/2147. The uptake of gallium 67 in colonic macrophages.

    A case is presented in which a patient with a well-differentiated adenocarcinoma showed high gallium concentration in the segment with melanosis coli proximal to the obstruction. Although in this case the gallium was associated with an increased number of faecal pigment containing macrophages it is unlikely that macrophages are the main factor in tumour uptake of gallium compounds. ( info)

10/2147. Partial hepatectomy for metastatic carcinoma.

    Three years after colonic resection for a rectal carcinoma, the patient evinced some weight loss and alkaline phosphatase elevation. Detailed workup revealed what appeared to be a solitary, well-defined metastatic lesion of the right hepatic lobe. Since the patient could be considered a good candidate for surgery, and given the grim prognosis of alternative approaches, hepatic lobectomy was carried out, as described here. ( info)
| Next ->

Leave a message about 'colonic neoplasms'

We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.