Cases reported "Conjunctivitis, Allergic"

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1/123. tobacco allergy: demonstration of cross-reactivity with other members of solanaceae family and mugwort pollen.

    BACKGROUND: tobacco is a plant belonging to the solanaceae family. This plant is usually used as a contact insecticide for several infestations in some areas, such as the Canary islands. Allergy induced by inhalation of this plant is unusual. Identification of the potential allergen in growing areas is essential. OBJECTIVE: We report a patient with occupational sensitivity to an aqueous solution of cut tobacco whose clinical manifestations were rhinoconjunctivitis and urticaria. Past medical history was significant for seasonal allergic rhinoconjunctivitis to mugwort pollen and oral allergy syndrome with avocado. methods: Green tobacco and cured tobacco leaf extracts were prepared, skin prick tests were performed with green tobacco, cured tobacco leaf extracts, and certain aeroallergens. Conjunctival challenge test was carried out with green tobacco and cured tobacco leaf extract. serum-specific IgE against tobacco leaf was performed by commercial CAP. CAP inhibition experiments were carried out with tobacco and artemisia vulgaris. RESULTS: skin prick tests and conjunctival challenge tests with green tobacco and cured tobacco leaf extracts were positive, as well as serum-specific IgE by CAP, indicating an IgE-mediated sensitization. CAP inhibition experiments were carried out and it was found that tobacco, mugwort pollen, and tomato extracts inhibited the binding of the patient's serum to solid-phase tobacco leaf. No inhibition was observed when alternaria, D. pteronyssinus, and potato were used as control inhibitors. Inhibition of immunoCAP to mugwort was obtained with mugwort and tobacco extracts and no cross-reactivity to D. pteronyssinus was shown. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that tobacco can induce IgE-mediated reactions that are mediated by the existence of common antigenic epitopes between tobacco and mugwort pollen. This allergy can be a hazard of employment in the agricultural areas. ( info)

2/123. Facial dermatitis, contact urticaria, rhinoconjunctivitis, and asthma induced by potato.

    BACKGROUND: Potato contains multiple heat-labile proteins which can induce immediate hypersensitivity reactions. Rhino-conjunctivitis, asthma, contact urticaria and protein contact dermatitis have been described in association with potato exposure. OBJECTIVE: A patient with possible airborne facial dermatitis to potato is described. RESULTS: A middle-aged atopic housewife with pre-existent atopic dermatitis suffered from rhino-conjunctivitis, asthma, and contact urticaria when pealing raw potatoes, but her main complaint was intense, treatment-resistant dermatitis of the face. The investigations showed a positive prick test, a positive patch test, and positive specific serum IgE to raw potato. Potato avoidance led not only to the resolution of the immediate symptoms, but also of the facial dermatitis, suggesting she had dermatitis due to this vegetable. CONCLUSIONS: Potato may induce contact dermatitis with positive immediate and delayed hypersensitivity tests. ( info)

3/123. Allergic contact blepharoconjunctivitis due to phenylephrine eye drops.

    We present two cases of sensitization to phenylephrine hydrochloride with clinical manifestation of blepharoconjunctivitis in the course of an ophthalmologic examination. Patch testing with available commercial preparations containing phenylephrine hydrochloride was positive in both patients. The other eye drops tested during the ophthalmologic examination were negative for both cases. ( info)

4/123. Mycotic keratitis in non-steroid exposed vernal keratoconjunctivitis.

    PURPOSE: To report a patient with vernal keratoconjunctivitis who developed mycotic keratitis in absence of known risk factors. methods: A 17-year-old male suffering from vernal keratoconjunctivitis presented with infective keratitis. The patient had been treated in the past with topical antihistaminics and vasoconstrictors. The patient had not been exposed to topical steroids in 2 years of follow-up. He did not have dry eye or corneal micro or macroerosions prior to the development of infective keratitis. Corneal scrapings were obtained and subjected to KOH wet mount smear, calcofluor and Grams stain as well as bacterial culture sensitivity and fungal culture. RESULTS: Clinical diagnosis of mycotic keratitis in association with vernal conjunctivitis was supported by microbiological investigations. KOH wet mount and calcofluor staining showed presence of filamentous septate hyphae while fungal culture showed growth of aspergillus fumigatus. Antifungal therapy was initiated in the form of topical natamycin 5% suspension to which the patient responded and recovered 6/6 final visual acuity. CONCLUSION: The authors wish to conclude that patients suffering from vernal keratoconjunctivitis, even in the absence of corneal involvement, steroid exposure and trauma, may be at increased risk of developing keratomycosis. ( info)

5/123. Occupational IgE-mediated asthma, rhinoconjunctivitis, and contact urticaria caused by Easter lily (lilium longiflorum) and tulip.

    BACKGROUND: We report on IgE-mediated asthma, rhinoconjunctivitis, and contact urticaria to two liliaceae plants, tulip and Easter lily (lilium longiflorum), diagnosed in a floral shop worker. methods: Occupational asthma was diagnosed according to patient history, PEF monitoring, and a work-simulating provocation test. Flower-specific IgE was studied, and RAST inhibition tests were performed. RESULTS: skin prick testing showed positive reactions to tulip, Easter lily, and chrysanthemum. Total IgE was 180 kU/I, and specific IgE to tulip was 2.6 and to Easter lily 6.5 kU/I. In the RAST-inhibition test, no cross-reactivity was found. Occupational asthma was diagnosed by peak flow monitoring at work and at home, as well as specific inhalation challenge with Easter lily, with an immediate 18% reduction in PEF. In addition, contact urticaria and conjunctivitis were diagnosed. After a 9-year follow-up without exposure to lilies, the skin prick tests to L. longiflorum and tulip were still positive, but the specific IgE had disappeared. CONCLUSIONS: A case of IgE-mediated occupational asthma, rhinoconjunctivitis, and contact urticaria caused by L. longiflorum and tulip is presented. RAST inhibition tests indicated concomitant sensitization to the two liliaceae plants. ( info)

6/123. Chronic dacryoadenitis misdiagnosed as eyelid edema and allergic conjunctivitis.

    PURPOSE: To report the case of a 53-year-old woman with a 2-year history of episodic upper eyelid swelling and nonspecific complaints, who was diagnosed as having allergic conjunctivitis. methods: A complete ocular examination, orbital computerized tomographic (CT) scans followed by complete physical and systemic examinations. RESULTS: The results of physical and systemic examinations were unremarkable for systemic lymphoma and a primary focus of cancer. The results of the ocular examination were normal. CT scans demonstrated well-defined lesions bilaterally with a homogeneous internal structure in the lacrimal gland fossa, which suggested a diagnosis of chronic dacryoadenitis. The differential diagnosis included lymphoma and orbital metastases. The patient refused a biopsy and was started on a tapering dose of 60 mg oral prednisolone daily. The follow-up CT scans 1 month after cessation of 6-week oral corticosteroid treatment showed near complete resolution of the orbital lesions. CONCLUSION: This case demonstrates that orbital inflammation can be misdiagnosed as refractory allergic conjunctivitis. ( info)

7/123. Occupational asthma caused by champignon flies.

    BACKGROUND: Occupational bronchial asthma in mushroom (champignon) workers is unusual, although reports on it appeared in 1938 and 1951; we have not found any others since those dates. Here we report the case of a 52-year-old man who works as a champignon cultivator. He suffered rhinoconjunctivitis and asthma attacks whenever he entered the champignon culture caves. We studied flies as a possible antigen source. We collected these insects from the growing sites in order to identify them, and then prepare an extract; the samples turned out to be of two families of insects of the order diptera, 98% from the Phoridae family (Brachycera suborder) and 2% from the Sciaridae (Nematocera suborder). methods: skin prick tests, conjunctival provocation tests, serum specific IgE, specific IgE-binding fractions in immunoblotting, and monitoring of PEFR (at work and off work) were performed. RESULTS: IgE-mediated hypersensitivity to these flies was demonstrated by skin prick test, conjunctival provocation test, serum specific IgE, and IgE-binding fractions in immunoblotting. Monitoring of PEFR both at work and off work showed a clear relationship between symptoms, or fall in PEFR, and the workplace. CONCLUSIONS: We report the case of a patient suffering from asthma and rhinoconjunctivitis caused by hypersensitivity to fly proteins. ( info)

8/123. Bilateral keratoconus associated with Hashimoto's disease, alopecia areata and atopic keratoconjunctivitis.

    keratoconus is a progressive non-inflammatory corneal ectasia. alopecia areata is complete loss of hair patches on the hairy areas of the body in association with some ocular manifestations such as cataract, or disorders of the conjunctiva, iris, lens, choroid and retina pigment epithelium. A ten-year-old patient with atopic keratoconjunctivitis, keratoconus and alopecia areata is presented. This patient has also been receiving treatment for Hashimoto thyroiditis (chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis) for more than three years. The possible association of keratoconus with multisystem autoimmune disease is discussed. ( info)

9/123. Floppy eyelid syndrome: a diagnostic dilemma.

    BACKGROUND: Floppy eyelid syndrome may be the underlining cause of papillary keratoconjunctivitis. patients initially report a nonspecific irritation, redness, or a foreign body sensation. methods: As a result of its vague presentation, floppy eyelid syndrome is frequently misdiagnosed. A careful slit-lamp evaluation and a complete history aids in the diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: The most distinctive feature of floppy eye syndrome is a pliant upper tarsus that is easily everted without excess manipulation. Histopathology has attributed the laxity of the lid to a decreased amount of elastin within the tarsus. Treatment includes prevention of the upper lid from everting during sleep or surgical procedures such as horizontal eyelid shortening. Our case report illustrates a patient with a classic case of floppy eyelid syndrome. ( info)

10/123. Allergy to an occupational allergen (Sapelli wood) in a child.

    The case is presented of a child who developed rhinoconjunctivitis, angioedema and asthma by sensitization to Sapelli wood, which was used in his father's carpentry. Positive skin-prick test, high levels of specific immunoglobulin e by ELISA and a positive conjunctival challenge test suggest a type I hypersensitivity mechanism to this wood. This is the first case report of sensitization to Sapelli wood and it confirms that occupational allergen exposure as Sapelli wood may also cause sensitization in a child. ( info)
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