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1/154. Overuse epiphyseal injury of the coracoid process as a result of archery.

    A previously unreported overuse injury of the coracoid process in an eleven years old archer is presented. diagnosis was made on clinical grounds in association with the radiographic appearance of the unfused physis. The pathology and the management are presented and discussed. ( info)

2/154. Save that arm: a study of problems in the remaining arm of unilateral upper limb amputees.

    A study has been made by questionnaire, personal examination and telephone interview of unilateral upper limb amputees seen at the Prince Henry Hospital, australia between 1994 and 1997. There were 60 questionnaires posted. Replies were received from 46. Problems were noted in the remaining arm of 23 (50%). The respondents' problems not only consisted of overuse symptoms, but also of an exacerbation of pre-existing arthritis and injury due to trauma to the remaining arm during the accident. Case histories are given in 3 typical cases. Treating professionals are warned about the hazards that one arm amputations present to the remaining arm. ( info)

3/154. "Little league elbow"--acute traction apophysitis in an adolescent badminton player.

    A case of an acute traction apophysitis, "little league elbow", in an adolescent badminton player is presented. After a period of intense badminton activity, the patient developed typical signs of inflammation related to his elbow. X-ray showed soft tissue calcifications and ultrasound showed intra-articular swelling and a possible apophysitis related to the elbow. After a period of immobilization followed by low activity he could return to normal sports activity. ( info)

4/154. Medical check of competitive canoeists.

    We gave a sports injury questionnaire survey to 821 active canoeists, members of the japan Canoe association (JCA), and performed a medical check of 63 top competitive JCA canoeists, including physical and laboratory tests and radiographic examinations of the chest, spine, shoulder, elbow, and wrist joints. Completed questionnaires were returned by 417 canoeists, whose reported racing styles were: kayak, 324; Canadian canoe, 71; slalom, 13; and not specified, 9. Of the 417 respondents, 94 canoeists (22. 5%) reported that they experienced lumbago; 20.9% experienced shoulder pain; 3.8%, elbow pain; and 10.8%, wrist pain. On medical examinations, lumbago was found to be mainly of myofascial origin or due to spondylolysis. Impingement syndrome was also observed in 4 canoeists with shoulder problems. The competitive canoeists had low blood pressure, and some had bradycardia. On laboratory examinations, serum hemoglobulin, hematocrit, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-CHO), creatine phosphokinase (CK), and creatine (CRTN) in the top competitive canoeists showed high values in comparison with those of an age-matched control group. However, low serum total cholesterol (TP) values were observed in the top competitive canoeists. ( info)

5/154. A potential complication of laparoscopy--the surgeon's herniated cervical disk.

    Almost all operations that were traditionally performed by open laparotomy operations can be done laparoscopically; however, surgeons may experience several negative health effects. A 37-year-old gynecologic laparoscopist had a herniated intervertebral disk at C5-6 level. Due to a negative trauma history, a possible explanation may be the nonergonomic posture that he held while performing laparoscopic surgery for many hours. To reduce the risk of this complication, we recommend that surgeons' spatial orientation and hand-eye coordination for laparoscopy be improved by sequential phases of training. ( info)

6/154. Clinics in diagnostic imaging (40). iliotibial band syndrome.

    A 51-year-old male cyclist presented with a mass over the lateral portion of his knee. MR scans showed a cystic collection deep to the iliotibial band (ITB). diagnosis of the ITB syndrome and its differentiation from other cause of painful lateral knee masses, such as meniscal cyst, lateral collateral ligament injury and Segond fracture, are discussed. ( info)

7/154. The healthy patient: empowering women in their encounters with the health care system.

    Many women's expectancies when they assume the role of patient include the experiences of regression, helplessness, passivity and fear. This paper describes techniques for interrupting this negative set and for facilitating the development of a self-efficacious state in which the woman experiences herself as an active and informed participant in her encounters with medical personnel. ( info)

8/154. Localized pigmented villonodular synovitis as a rare cause of chronic anterolateral ankle pain in an equestrienne.

    An unusual case of localized pigmented villonodular synovitis of the ankle as a rare cause of chronic anterolateral ankle pain in a 16-year-old horsewoman is presented. Intra-articular nodular forms of pigmented villonodular synovitis can only be diagnosed arthroscopically, macroscopic and microscopic aspects being typical. We believe that this lesion is more likely a reactive process secondary to repetitive microtrauma rather than a true neoplasm. Our patient presented with pathology in the left ankle, the side by which one mounts and dismounts a horse, forcing, in both activities, ankle dorsiflexion. Moreover, an English saddle was used by our patient, upon which one rides with the ankle maintained in dorsiflexion. At arthroscopy, the soft-tissue mass was seen to be entrapped in the joint between the talus and the tibia at dorsiflexion of the ankle. This had caused a slowly progressive enlargement of the lesion because of fibrosis resulting from reactive inflammation associated with this repetitive microtrauma, thus causing irritation, pain, and synovitis due to impingement. ( info)

9/154. Hypothenar hammer syndrome followed by systemic sclerosis.

    We describe the first case of bilateral hypothenar hammer syndrome (HHS) followed by systemic sclerosis (SSc) that was associated with silica exposure (Erasmus syndrome). The patient was a woman smoothing tiles in an earthenware factory who presented with bilateral digital ischemia associated with Raynaud's phenomenon. HHS was diagnosed, based on an angiographic study showing aneurysm of the ulnar arteries and occlusions of multiple digital arteries. Pulmonary silicosis was also diagnosed on pulmonary tomodensitometry. Two years later digital swelling with acroosteolysis developed. The FANA test was positive (titer 1:640) and anticentromere antibody tests were also positive. Esophageal manometry showed dysmotility of the lower esophagus. These findings were consistent with a diagnosis of SSc. ( info)

10/154. Case report: reduction of low back pain in a professional golfer.

    Previous research agrees that the majority of injuries that affect male golfers are located in the lower back and that they are related to improper swing mechanics and/or the repetitive nature of the swing. This study describes the trunk motion and paraspinal muscle activity during the swing of a golfer with related low back pain (LBP) and assesses the effect of a 3-month period of muscle conditioning and coaching on these variables. motion of the trunk was measured using three-dimensional video analysis and electromyograms (EMGs) were recorded from the same six sites of the erector spinae at the start and end of the 3-month period. At the end of the period, the golfer was able to play and practice without LBP. Coaching resulted in an increase in the range of hip turn and a decrease in the amount of shoulder turn, which occurred during the swing. In addition, a reduction in the amount of trunk flexion/lateral flexion during the downswing occurred in conjunction with less activity in the left erector spinae. These changes may serve to reduce the torsional and compressive loads acting on the thoracic and lumbar spine, which in turn may have contributed to the cessation of the LBP and would reduce the risk of reoccurrence in the future. In conclusion, further research with more subjects would now be warranted in order to test the findings of this program for the prevention of low back in golfers as piloted in this case report. ( info)
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