Cases reported "Dental Calculus"

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1/23. Factors contributing to adverse soft tissue reactions due to the use of tartar control toothpastes: report of a case and literature review.

    Tetrasodium and/or tetrapotassium pyrophosphate (Ppi) is the anticalculus component of most tartar control dentifrices on the market today. While pyrophosphates alone are not responsible for hypersensitivity reactions, several modifications which may lead to adverse oral manifestations may occur when pyrophosphates are added to a dentifrice. First, tetrasodium pyrophosphate in a dentifrice forms a slightly alkaline solution upon oral use which could irritate oral membranes. Second, increased concentrations of flavoring agents, known to be sensitizers, are needed to mask the strong bitter taste of pyrophosphates. Third, increased concentrations of detergents, capable of producing hypersensitivity reactions, are necessary to allow the pyrophosphates to become soluble in the dentifrice. Fourth, a pre-existing condition of reduced salivary flow may augment hypersensitivity to tartar control toothpastes. While pyrophosphates have been approved as additives in dentifrices, these compounds along with the increased concentrations of flavorings and detergents and their higher intraoral alkalinity are strongly implicated as the causative factor in certain hypersensitivity reactions. ( info)

2/23. An unusual case of a relationship between rosacea and dental foci.

    rosacea is a chronic disorder affecting the facial convexities, characterized by frequent flushing, persistent erythema, and telangiectases. During episodes of inflammation, additional features are swelling, papules, and pustules. The exact etiology of this dermatitis is unknown, and theories abound. Infectious foci, especially dental foci, seem to be rarely associated with the onset and progression of this disease. Dermatologic treatments are determined by the severity of the disease. But eradication of infectious foci, and in this case eradication of dental foci, may generate a significant improvement and may lead to a recovery. ( info)

3/23. Dental findings in Lowe syndrome.

    This paper presents the dental findings of a child with the oculocerebrorenal syndrome of Lowe. The genetic abnormality in this condition results in an inborn error of inositol phosphate metabolism. Renal tubular dysfunction leads to metabolic acidosis and phosphaturia. At 4 years, generalised mobility of all primary teeth was noted. It is postulated that a defective inositol phosphate metabolism was responsible for the periodontal pathology found in this case. This is in direct contrast with previous reports of prolonged retention of primary teeth in children with this condition. histology of extracted primary incisors demonstrated enlarged pulp chambers and mildly dysplastic dentin formation. This is consistent with a chronic subrachitic state, a known feature of Lowe syndrome, but no prominent interglobular dentin was present. ( info)

4/23. Oral midazolam for adults with learning disabilities.

    This paper demonstrates how oral midazolam can be employed as an alternative method of behaviour management to general anaesthesia for the dental treatment of people with learning disabilities. A range of treatments, from scaling to root canal therapy, can be carried out successfully using the sedation technique outlined. The advantages of sedation include reduced morbidity and mortality. Treatment outcomes are also likely to be improved as root canal therapy and periodontal care can be carried out over a number of visits rather than a single treatment session under general anaesthesia. Oral sedation with midazolam should improve the scope of dental treatment available to patients with disabilities. ( info)

5/23. Metal piercing through the tongue and localized loss of attachment: a case report.

    The piercing of intraoral structures to accommodate different types of jewelry has increased in popularity in the last few years. The association of an intraoral piercing with localized periodontitis is not well documented in the literature. A 22-year-old male presented to our clinic with a tongue stud placed through the mid-dorsum of his tongue. The inferior sphere was coated with plaque and calculus. Teeth #24 and #25 exhibited 6 mm interproximal probing depth and recession, horizontal radiographic bone loss, and tissue indentations consistent with the shape of the inferior ball of the tongue stud directly on the lingual surfaces of both teeth. The treatment consisted of an adult prophylaxis, flap curettage of the mandibular anterior region, oral hygiene instructions, and removal of the tongue stud. At our follow-up visit, the patient's oral hygiene had improved, he has removed the jewelry, and the attachment loss appears to have stabilized. ( info)

6/23. Pathologic migration--spontaneous correction following periodontal therapy: a case report.

    Periodontal disease is often associated with pathologic migration, which becomes an esthetic concern. A 17-year-old girl developed increasing gaps among her maxillary incisors. She had gingival enlargement in the palatal maxillary anterior region. The central incisors had pathologically migrated, resulting in a 2-mm diastema. Periodontal treatment was planned and completed. Following periodontal treatment, there was "spontaneous" repositioning of the central incisors. The 6-month follow-up revealed no change or deterioration of the periodontal condition. The patient was referred for orthodontic closure of the remaining diastema between the central and lateral incisors. ( info)

7/23. Locally delivered doxycycline hyclate: case selection, preparation, and application.

    This article presents the perspective of a private practice clinician who participated in the phase III clinical trials of Atridox (doxycycline hyclate) 10%. The selection of periodontal cases most likely to benefit from treatment with Atridox as part of overall comprehensive case management is discussed. Atridox may be used either before or after scaling and root planing or, in more rare circumstances, as a stand-alone therapy. Preparation of the material is discussed, and guidance for optimal application is provided. ( info)

8/23. Peripheral giant cell granuloma: a case report.

    The peripheral giant cell granuloma is a reactive lesion of the soft tissue of the oral cavity. Clinical appearance ranges from normal tissue coloration to dark red or purplish. These are elevated lesions generally 5-15 mm in diameter. Etiology is considered to be chronic irritation. To decrease the risk of clinical recurrence, treatment is complete excision to include the underlying periosteum. Histologic features of the peripheral giant cell granuloma include multinucleated giant cells with a stroma that may contain osteoblasts, myofibroblasts, macrophages, and langerhans cells. A case report is presented. ( info)

9/23. Periodontal plastic surgical technique for gingival fenestration closure.

    Gingival fenestration is an opening through oral keratinized tissue, usually unattached, that is observed in thin gingiva with usually thick subgingival calculus deposits. This lesion is seen infrequently but may be more common than has been reported; lack of symptoms may inhibit patient awareness. Because surgical correction usually is not required, there are very few reports in the literature concerning this lesion. The following report describes a case of gingival fenestration and surgical treatment with a connective tissue/periosteal graft. ( info)

10/23. Comprehensive treatment concept in a young adult patient with severe periodontal disease: a case report.

    This case report describes the comprehensive treatment of generalized, advanced periodontal disease in a young patient. In view of the necessary reconstruction, the extensive destruction of the periodontal tissues required a systematic approach to determine the possibilities and the expectations of the patient. The subsequent oral rehabilitation was accomplished with fixed prosthodontics. In the mandible, strategically important anchor teeth were replaced with implants, allowing smaller units to be inserted. The long-term treatment result, however, can only be ensured with the full cooperation of the patient and consistent periodontal maintenance care. ( info)
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