Cases reported "Dental Caries"

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1/334. Dental treatment of a prospective recipient of a liver transplant: a case report.

    A protocol to treat a carious condition in a young girl scheduled to receive a liver transplantation is described. Teeth with serious caries were filled with amalgam. Those teeth with pulp exposure were extracted. To stop bleeding, sutures and a surgical splint with a periodontal pack were used. All procedures were performed as rapidly as possible to minimize stress. Antibiotics were used sparingly. By improving the oral health of transplant recipients, the chances that the transplanted liver will become infected are much reduced, increasing the likelihood of a successful surgical outcome. ( info)

2/334. Failure of intense preventive efforts to arrest early childhood and rampant caries: three case reports.

    This report presents the first three children who developed dental caries despite being enrolled in a randomized, control trial to test methods to prevent early childhood caries. The children's caretakers received education on decreasing frequent and prolonged feeding with a nursing bottle and other sugar containing foods, as well as brushing the children's teeth daily with 0.4% SnF2 gel. One of the child's caretaker additionally received training sessions to improve confidence in eliminating the child's nursing bottle habit and in performing daily tooth brushing. The two other children received monthly topical fluoride treatments with 2% NaF. Despite these intensive preventive efforts, these three children developed dental caries. Two of the children had mutans streptococci colonization at the time of initial visit, (12 and 14 months of age, respectively). All had high mutans streptococci levels at the time that caries was detected. Incorrigible, high-frequency sugar consumption from a bottle or from solid foods was suggested in all three cases. In one case, dental caries was associated with defects of the tooth enamel. Conceivably, the cariogenic challenge and harmful behaviors in certain children may be so extreme that they can overwhelm even extraordinary preventive efforts. ( info)

3/334. Premature dental eruption: report of case.

    This case report reviews the variability of dental eruption and the possible sequelae. Dental eruption of the permanent teeth in cleft palate children may be variable, with delayed eruption the most common phenomenon. A case of premature dental eruption of a maxillary left first premolar is demonstrated, however, in a five-year-old male. This localized premature dental eruption anomaly was attributed to early extraction of the primary dentition, due to caries. ( info)

4/334. A five-year-old with a dental abscess: a case study.

    dental caries remain one of the most common disorders of childhood in the United States. Often nurse practitioners (NPs) will see children who are suffering from the complications of a dental carie, such as a dental abscess and/or cellulitis. This article describes the case of a 5-year-old girl who presented at an evening clinic with tooth pain, fever, and facial swelling. Three treatment choices are discussed: (1) 400 mg of amoxicillin (Augmentin), by mouth, with comfort measures, and return to the clinic in the morning; (2) 2 g of ceftriaxone by injection, with comfort measures, and return to the clinic in the morning; (3) or hospitalize via emergency department for intravenous fluids and antibiotics. The treatment that was chosen not only takes into account the disease process, but also the impact of this choice on the family. A model for the progression of dental caries in low-income groups with recommendations for prevention is also presented. ( info)

5/334. A dentoalveolar abscess in a pediatric patient with ketoacidosis caused by occult diabetes mellitus: a case report.

    oral health professionals are frequently asked to evaluate patients with routine odontogenic infections. These patients can sometimes present with systemic signs and symptoms, including fever, malaise, tachycardia, and dehydration. It is important for the astute clinician to understand the possible associated systemic diseases that may be contributing to odontogenic infections. We present here an interesting case of a pediatric patient with a routine canine space infection who exhibited classic clinical signs and symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis. ( info)

6/334. Esthetic restoration of primary incisors.

    A simple and esthetic technique for restoring cariously involved primary maxillary incisors is described. The technique includes mini-pins, a preformed celluloid crown and resin-based composite. ( info)

7/334. glycogen storage disease and von Willebrand's disease implications for dental treatment: dental management of a pediatric patient.

    Glycogen storage diseases (GSD) are metabolic disorders which impair the body's ability to store glucose and utilize it later, requiring patients to take multiple daily dietary supplementation with a high carbohydrate content. patients undergoing this treatment modality are placed at increased risk for gross dental caries and other oral abnormalities. Additionally, GSD may prolong the patient's bleeding time, which may necessitate consultation with the treating physician. In the following case, our patient required a multidisciplinary approach to address not only her dental needs, but also to coordinate the management of both her GSD and an additional complication, von Willebrand's disease. This was best achieved in a hospital setting. ( info)

8/334. Dysosteosclerosis: a case with unique dental findings and SEM evaluation of a hypoplastic tooth.

    A ten-year-old boy, who had the typical dental findings of dysosteosclerosis such as yellowish, hypoplastic teeth, retarded eruption, which upon eruption, decayed rapidly, is presented. To date this is the first known case reported with a congenital absence of the first permanent molars. Furthermore, SEM evaluation of the enamel and dentin was performed on a tooth from a patient with dysosteosclerosis for the first time. These studies showed weak ultrastructural compositions due to irregular calcification. ( info)

9/334. dental caries after radiotherapy of the oral regions.

    Five cases of dental caries after radiation therapy of the oral regions for treatment of carcinomas are presented. The differences in clinical appearance and behavior between radiation caries and ordinary smooth-surface dental caries are described. The role of salivary gland irradiation and the resultant xerostomia in the development of these lesions is discussed. Some explanations are offered as to how these lesions develop in the light of current knowledge concerning plaque and the development of dental caries. Several measures that may be taken to reduce the incidence and severity of these lesions are suggested. ( info)

10/334. The management of ludwig's angina.

    A severe case of ludwig's angina which was treated along the historical lines of surgical decompression is presented. The problem resulting from this approach are discussed together with alternative methods of management. The conclusion is made that surgical decompression as a means of avoiding respiratory obstruction should be abandoned and that tracheotomy should be used. ( info)
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