Cases reported "Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2"

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1/1139. Nonclostridial gas gangrene due to streptococcus anginosus in a diabetic patient.

    streptococcus anginosus was recently identified as a distinct species from the other members of streptococcus milleri group (streptococcus constellatus, streptococcus intermedius). We report a rare case of nonclostridial gas gangrene caused by S. anginosus. A 62-year-old diabetic woman was admitted with gas gangrene of the perineal area. She had been taking her oral hypoglycemia medication regularly for 10 years, but the diabetes was inadequately controlled. She was treated with surgical debridement of the necrotic tissue, insulin injection, and antibiotic therapy, and had a satisfactory clinical course. ( info)

2/1139. poems syndrome, steroid-dependent diabetes mellitus, erythema elevatum diutinum, and rheumatoid arthritis as extramedullary manifestations of plasma cell dyscrasia.

    poems syndrome is a rare synopsis of different multisystemic disorders (polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal gammapathy, and skin lesions) associated with plasma cell dyscrasia. We herein report the atypical case of a 44-year-old white man presenting with glomerulopathy, poems syndrome, and erythema elevatum diutinum with a few-year history of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) and seronegative rheumatoid arthritis (RA) as early manifestations of IgAlambda multiple myeloma. The prescription of 1 mg/kg/day prednisone improved the patient's features dramatically. skin lesions improved by the association of glucocorticoids and plasma exchange, recurred when plasmapheresis ceased, and remitted when plasma exchange was reintroduced. NIDDM requiring insulinotherapy recurred when corticoids were discontinued and remitted when prednisone was reintroduced. However, prednisone and plasmapheresis had no effect on polyneuropathy, M-paraprotein, and plasma cell dyscrasia in our patient, who developed indolent multiple myeloma a few years later. We thus concluded that poems syndrome, steroid-dependent diabetes mellitus, rheumatoid arthritis, RA, and skin vasculitis in our patient were triggered by plasma cell dyscrasia. ( info)

3/1139. Effects of diabetes mellitus on patients with acute intermittent porphyria.

    OBJECTIVES: To study the effects of diabetes mellitus in patients with acute intermittent porphyria (AIP). Haeme deficiency in the liver of AIP patients stimulates an increase in ALA-synthase which triggers an escalating metabolic chain reaction, leading to an increase in the porphyrin content. This reaction can be reduced by treating AIP patients with haeme arginate or with glucose. DESIGN: A population-based study of all patients > 18 years of age having dna-verified AIP (n = 328) living in the two most northerly counties of sweden (Norrbotten and Vasterbotten, with 550,000 inhabitants) of whom 16 had type 2 diabetes. prevalence of diabetes was studied retrospectively in 26 AIP patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). RESULTS: None of the patients showed symptoms of AIP after the onset of their diabetes. Three patients had had recurrent, severe attacks for many years but when their diabetes became manifest, their urinary ALA and PBG levels decreased and the AIP symptoms resolved, to the relief of the patients. Amongst the 26 AIP patients with HCC, only one with signs of diabetes was identified (impaired glucose tolerance test). CONCLUSIONS: This study raises the possibility that diabetes mellitus may be beneficial for patients with severe AIP. ( info)

4/1139. Rapid progression of cardiomyopathy in mitochondrial diabetes.

    Cardiac involvement and its clinical course in a diabetic patient with a mitochondrial tRNA(Leu)(UUR) mutation at position 3243 is reported in a 54-year-old man with no history of hypertension. At age 46, an electrocardiogram showed just T wave abnormalities. At age 49, it fulfilled SV1 RV5 or 6>35 mm with strain pattern. At age 52, echocardiography revealed definite left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy, and abnormally increased mitochondria were shown in biopsied endomyocardial specimens. He was diagnosed as having developed hypertrophic cardiomyopathy associated with the mutation. However, at age 54, SV1 and RV5,6 voltages were decreased, and echocardiography showed diffuse decreased LV wall motion and LV dilatation. Because he had mitochondrial diabetes, the patient's heart rapidly developed hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, and then it seemed to be changing to a dilated LV with systolic dysfunction. Rapid progression of cardiomyopathy can occur in mitochondrial diabetes. ( info)

5/1139. pregnancy outcome in aboriginal women with NIDDM in the Sioux Lookout Zone.

    PURPOSE: To review the pregnancy outcomes of Aboriginal women with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) in the Sioux Lookout Zone of Northwestern ontario, canada. METHOD: Retrospective chart review of deliveries of all women with a confirmed diagnosis of NIDDM was carried out between 1989 and 1992. RESULTS: During this period, 26 infants were born to 19 women with the diagnosis of NIDDM. Mean birth weight was 4,075 grams, with an average gestational age at delivery of 38 weeks. Three newborns required cesarean delivery, one required forceps, and one a vacuum extraction. There were four cases of shoulder dystocia. There were one stillbirth, one maternal death, and two cases of congenital heart disease. Ten newborns had neonatal jaundice and only two had neonatal hypoglycemia. These results suggest there is significant risk associated with NIDDM in pregnancy. ( info)

6/1139. Systematic approach to the management of the Type II diabetic patient: case presentation.

    Recently there has been a trend toward more aggressive management of people with diabetes. This stems from the conclusive clinical data that substantiate the benefit of tight glycemic control. It is clear that achieving near normoglycemia in people with diabetes will prevent and slow the progression of the microvascular complications and reduce the risk of the macrovascular complications. Clinicians now have multiple agents with differing mechanisms and sites of action allowing them to individualize the medication regimen and move toward normalizing the blood glucose levels. The following case is representative of a typical patient with Type II diabetes. This patient presents with multiple disease states and various treatment issues that must be addressed. An in-depth evaluation of the patient case is presented along with recommendations for drug therapy modifications. ( info)

7/1139. vitrectomy for cystoid macular oedema with attached posterior hyaloid membrane in patients with diabetes.

    AIM: To report the success of vitrectomy in eliminating cystoid macular oedema and improving vision in three eyes of two patients with diabetic cystoid macular oedema. In all of the eyes there was no ophthalmoscopic evidence of traction from a posterior hyaloid membrane or from proliferative tissue. methods: Pars plana vitrectomy was performed on three eyes of two patients with diabetic cystoid macular oedema who did not show traction upon examination with a slit lamp biomicroscope and a scanning laser ophthalmoscope. RESULTS: Cystoid changes disappeared 1, 3, and 5 days, postoperatively, and diffuse macular oedema resolved within 2 weeks. The visual acuity was improved and maintained. CONCLUSION: vitrectomy can be effective in some patients with diabetic cystoid macular oedema even in patients who lack evidence of traction by ophthalmoscopy. ( info)

8/1139. Diabetic gustatory sweating successfully treated with topical glycopyrrolate: report of a case and review of the literature.

    BACKGROUND: Gustatory sweating is a more common manifestation of diabetes mellitus than is appreciated. It is a distressing problem that has been difficult to treat safely. methods: Daily topical application of glycopyrrolate roll-on lotion was offered as an alternative to oral anticholinergic agents to an 87-year-old woman with long-standing type 2 diabetes mellitus who complained of profuse sweating after eating. RESULTS: Gustatory sweating was relieved by application of glycopyrrolate and reappeared when the glycopyrrolate was briefly withdrawn to confirm its therapeutic effect. CONCLUSION: For moderate to severe symptoms of diabetic gustatory sweating, topical application of glycopyrrolate is safe, effective, well tolerated, and convenient. ( info)

9/1139. Non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus with type I multiple symmetrical lipomatosis: a case report.

    Type I multiple symmetrical lipomatosis (MSL; Madelung's disease) is characterized by lipomas in the nape of the neck and the supraclavicular and deltoid regions, resulting in a bull-necked appearance (Madelung's collar). It is most common in alcoholic men between 35 and 50 years of age. Type I MSL has been reportedly associated with hyperinsulinemia, but its association with diabetes mellitus is rarely discussed. We describe a case of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) associated with type I MSL. A 47-year-old alcoholic man presented with a seven-year history of hyperglycemia and progressive neck swelling with dysphagia for one year. physical examination showed diffuse and symmetrical swelling of the bilateral posterior aspects of the neck. biochemistry profiles revealed elevated concentrations of fasting serum glucose (276 /- 16 mg/dl), triglycerides (358 /- 79 mg/dl) and total cholesterol (323 /- 28 mg/dl). Endocrinologic studies showed normal thyroid function. neck sonography revealed diffuse thickening and swelling of the fatty structures of both sides of the neck. Normal sonography showed no fatty deposition in the liver. Maxillary and neck computerized tomography revealed diffuse fat accumulation in the submental and posterior neck regions, with no extension to the superior mediastinum. Fine needle aspiration cytology of the neck masses showed only fat cells. The patient received an oral hypoglycemic agent (glibenclamide 5 mg bid) for blood glucose control and lovastatin (20 mg before bed-time) for hyperlipidemia, and ceased drinking alcohol. The neck swelling resolved markedly after 15 months of medical treatment. This suggests that, in addition to the cessation of alcohol consumption, the reduction of blood glucose and lipid concentrations by medication may also assist in resolving the accumulated fat of type I MSL in patients with NIDDM. ( info)

10/1139. Thermal biofeedback for claudication in diabetes: a literature review and case study.

    temperature biofeedback (TBFB) is designed to alter cutaneous temperature in treated extremities by providing information corresponding to minor temperature fluctuations in the context of therapeutic structure and reinforcement. Toe TBFB may improve vascular flow and walking tolerance in patients with peripheral vascular disease. This case study documents improved walking in a diabetes patient with lower extremity complications, and suggests TBFB might increase lower extremity temperature and blood flow volume pulse in uncomplicated diabetes. ankle-brachial index (ABI) and walking function were assessed in a 60-year-old woman with type 2 diabetes and intermittent claudication, before and after five sessions of TBFB applied to the ventral surface of the great toe. Toe temperature increased during feedback phases but not during baseline phases. Improvements were seen in ankle-brachial index, walking distance, walking speed, and stair climbing. This case indicates the need for extended and controlled study of TBFB for improved vascular and ambulatory function in diabetic claudication. ( info)
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